Winter Guard International

Winter Guard International (WGI) is an American performing arts association, governing body, and the producer of regional championship events for three activities: color guard (known as winter guard), percussion ensembles, and small marching bands (known as winds). WGI's competitive season is January to March, ending with an annual World Championships in April; hence, "winter" in the association's name.[2][3][4]

Winter Guard International
Winter Guard International (logo).png
Black and white logo
AbbreviationWGI
Named afterWinter color guard competitive season
MottoWGI Sport of the Arts
FormationMay 15, 1977; 43 years ago (1977-05-15)
Founded atSan Francisco
TypePublic charity
31-1421760
Legal statusActive
PurposeColor guard, percussion ensemble, and winds competition circuit
HeadquartersDayton, Ohio
Region
United States
Executive Director
Ron Nankervis
President
Ed Devlin
Revenue (2018)
Increase US$4.8 million[1]
Expenses (2018)Increase US$4.7 million
Websitewgi.org

WGI was founded in 1977 as a response to the inconsistent adjudication and incompatible rules of competition between various regional governing bodies and competition circuits which made it difficult for color guards to compete nationally.[3] Today, WGI regularly publishes and updates an adjudication handbook, with an accompanying "Rules & Regulations", that has been adopted worldwide.[5][6]

The first WGI World Championship for was held in 1978, then called WGI Olympics. World championships for percussion ensembles began in 1992, and winds in 2015. A series of fall marching band regional competitions, promoted as the WGI Friendship Cup, were hosted until 2003.[3] The next World Championship series was previously scheduled for April 1 – April 4, 2020, for color guard; April 15 – April 18, 2020, for percussion ensembles; and April 18 – April 19, 2020 for winds.[7] In March 2020, WGI announced all 2020 World Championship events would be cancelled, as would all remaining regional championship events, in response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.[8]

A majority of WGI's championships are hosted in the United States, however regional championships have been frequently hosted in Japan, Malaysia, United Kingdom, Netherlands, and the Philippines and Costa Rica in 2018.[9]

HistoryEdit

Prior to the formation of WGI, national color guard championships, or other high-prestige championships, were held in conjunction with drum corps or marching band championships, such as: VFW, American Legion, or CYO national championships, or the U.S. Open or World Open Championships.[10][3] The host or event promoters often varied widely, as did as the quality of the venue, the rules of competition, and adjudication and scoring. As an example, the 1977 "national" championship was held in conjunction with DCI World Championships in Denver.[11] The venue was too small, there was no functional air conditioning, and the performance area required color guards to maneuver around structural columns.[3]

In 1977, then director of the Seattle Imperials, Stanley Knaub, secured a sponsor and a potential venue for a new national championships; however, he sought input from others in the activity on how to proceed.[12] Knaub invited color guard educators from across the country to meet the weekend of May 14, 1977 at the Sheraton Palace Hotel in San Francisco.[10] Those in attendance included: Don Angelica, Shirlee Whitcomb, Bryan Johnston, Marie Czapinski, and Linda Chambers.[3] In addition to standard rules and adjudication, all agreed any future national championship should be held independent of drum corps or marching band events. Knaub suggested scheduling the event during the winter months when most color guards competed locally—following marching band season, but prior to the drum corps season. The name "winter guard" was suggested by Don Angelica to reflect this change, which was adopted as the name of a new governing body and championships host: Winter Guard International.[3]

A follow-up meeting at the DCI Rules Congress in October 1977 composed of a committee of representatives from thirteen color guard circuits and adjudicator associations. The committee adopted an adjudication system, which was also adopted by the adjudicators and circuits in attendance. A new organizational structure was agreed to, which was to remain independent of all existing circuits and adjudicator associations. Lynn Lindstrom, director of the Midwest Color Guard Circuit, was elected the first Executive Director, and four circuits donated $250 each to fund WGI's first competitive season.

The first season, in 1978, included: fourteen regional championships, and a national championship, then called the WGI Olympics.[3] The national championships would later become known as the WGI World Championships.

AboutEdit

WGI is a nonprofit association governed by a board of directors, with an Executive Director, responsible for day-to-day operations. The board of directors are chosen from among the directors of competing groups, and at-large members are chosen from the community of color guard, percussion, and winds educators. The board of directors is legally and financially responsible for the conduct of the organization.[13] In 2018, WGI's various programs and activities generated US$4.8 million in revenues.[1]

Mission and purposeEdit

The mission of organization is to provide a venue for young people to achieve the extraordinary through performance and competition. WGI organizes "high-energy and enjoyable" events for color guard, called winter guard, percussion and winds, divisions. The organization also aims to improve quality of the competing groups through leadership development and education. This includes standardized adjudication.[14]

WGI frequently partners with companies that provide services and products to competing groups, as well as leading educators in other fields to highlight the activity. The organization is promoted using the tagline: Sport of the Arts.[15]

Advisory BoardsEdit

Each of the three competitive divisions (color guard, percussion and winds) are led by Advisory Boards who are responsible for the "adjudication and competitive attributes" of sanctioned events. Advisory boards are also responsible for nominating and electing members to the board of directors.[13]

The Advisory Boards meet annually, usually a few months after World Championships, to discuss changes to rules of competition, adjudication, and policies and procedures, and to make recommendations to the board of directors.[16] The promotion of competing groups is also the responsibility of the Advisory Boards.[17]

MembershipEdit

Groups that compete at WGI events are required to pay a membership fee, in addition to an attendance fee for each event. Only groups who compete in a regional, beginner, class with limited availability (Regional A Class) are excused from paying a membership fee.[18] The fees support general operations, and provide capital for future events, educational services, and research and development.

ScholarshipsEdit

WGI awards academic scholarships to members of competing groups, which are announced during awards ceremonies at World Championships. According to the WGI website, over US$35,000 is awarded annually, and US$1,000,000 has been awarded since 1978.[19] Funds for scholarships are raised via raffles drawn during WGI events known as “Fifty-fifty”.

Hosted competitionsEdit

Using a competition-based approach for organizing events, WGI "aims to showcase youth activities" by pursuing a "high standard of achievement."[14]

More than sixty regional championships are hosted every year, from mid-January to the late-March.[2][4] Many are hosted in with the aid of WGI's regional circuit partners.[20] Regional championships attract hundreds of color guards, percussion and winds ensembles, and thousands of participants. To qualify for World Championships, groups must compete in at least one regional championship.

World Championships regularly attracts over 350 color guards, 250 percussion ensembles, and over 40 winds groups. Championships occur over two consecutive weekends in early or mid-April.[14] The 2020 World Championship were originally scheduled as follows: April 1 – April 4, 2020 for color guard, April 15 – April 18, 2020 for percussion, and April 18 – April 19, 2020 for winds. In March 2020, the World Championships were cancelled in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[8]

Future World Championships dates have been reserved until 2024.[7]

Past championship sitesEdit

Year Site
1978 Conant High School[11]
Hoffman Estates, Illinois
1979 Veterans Memorial Coliseum
Madison, Wisconsin
1980 Cape Cod Coliseum
Cape Cod, Massachusetts
1981 Onondaga County War Memorial
Syracuse, New York
1982 Memorial Gymnasium
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee
1983–1989 UD Arena
University of Dayton
Dayton, Ohio
1990 Buffalo Memorial Auditorium[citation needed]
Buffalo, New York
1991–1996 UD Arena
University of Dayton
Dayton, Ohio
1997 American West Arena
Phoenix, Arizona
1998–2000 UD Arena
University of Dayton
Dayton, Ohio
2001 Bradley Center
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
2002–03 UD Arena
University of Dayton
Dayton, Ohio
2004 Cox Arena
San Diego State University
San Diego, California
2005–2019 UD Arena
University of Dayton
Dayton, Ohio

Classification and adjudicationEdit

WGI fosters and develops events for three activities.[14]

Winter GuardEdit

Winter guard is the indoor variant of color guard and is a combination of the use of flags, sabers, mock rifles, and various other equipment and props. Performances include dance and other interpretive movement. Color guards are common among high schools, middle schools, some universities, and also some independent organizations such as drum corps, or they are community organizations. The term "winter guard" is taken from the season most color guards compete as single units, and not part of marching bands or drum corps.

PercussionEdit

An indoor percussion ensemble or indoor drumline consists of the marching percussion (also called the "battery") and front ensemble (also called pit or front line) sections. Many ensembles, like color guards, are attached to a competing marching band or drum corps. Indoor percussion integrates musicality, marching and movement, and theater arts. The activity is referred to as percussion theater by WGI. Most percussion ensembles are affiliated with high schools, but many are independent.

WindsEdit

Are small marching music ensembles composed of a variety of instrumentations. Many take advantage of marching horns, as well as woodwinds, rhythm sections, and a pit ensemble, similar to those found in marching bands or drum corps. Unlike their outdoor counterparts, WGI Winds compete indoors on a performance area roughly the size of a standard basketball court.

Divisions and classesEdit

Groups attending WGI events are organized according to a multi-tier system, placed in one of two divisions, and dozens of classes.[14]

  • Independent Color Guard, Percussion, and Winds divisions are reserved for groups composed of performers who are associated with a particular school. Independent groups often draw performers from a large geographic area.
  • Scholastic Color Guard, Percussion, and Winds divisions are reserved for groups composed of performers from the same high school, or high school equivalent, or a school within the attendance zone of that particular high School. The Scholastic division was created in 1980. Prior to the division's creation high school groups competed against Independent groups.

Divisions are further grouped into classes based on experience and achievement:

  • Regional A is for new and inexperienced groups. This class is not available at World Championships.[18]
  • A Class, often referred to as National A or National, is for groups new to national competition.
  • Open Class is for groups who consistently perform at an intermediate developmental level.
  • World Class is the highest available class and is reserved for groups who are the most advanced. The World classes in both Scholastic and Independent are the most competitive, and the highest prestige.

Historic classes and divisionsEdit

The following are the divisions and classes represented at World Championships.[21][22]

Notes:

  • The schedules below do not reflect when specific competitive classes and divisions were defined in the WGI Adjudication Handbook.
  • Other classes and divisions may be represented at regional championships or other WGI-sanctioned competitions.

Color Guard divisionEdit

1978–79 1980–1984 1985–1990 1991–92 1993–present
Independent
Open Class Open Class Open Class (IO) World Class (IW) World Class (IW)
Open Class (IO)
A Class (A) A Class (IA)
Scholastic
Scholastic Class Open Class (SO) World Class (SW) World Class (SW)
Open Class (SO)
A Class (SA)

Percussion divisionEdit

1993 1994 1995–96 1997–1999 2000 2001–2017 2018–present
Scholastic
A Class (PSA) A Class (PSA) World Class (PSW)
Open Class (PSO)
AA Class (PSAA) A Class (PSA)
Concert Scholastic
World Class (PCSW) World Class (PCSW)
Open Class (PCSO) Open Class (PCSO)
A Class (PCSA)
Independent
World Class (PIW) World Class (PIW)
Open Class (PIO) Open Class (PIO)
University Class[a] A Class (PIA)
Concert Independent
World Class (PCIW)

Winds divisionEdit

2015–present
Independent
World Class (WIW)
Open Class (WIO)
A Class (WIA)
Scholastic
World Class (WSW)
Open Class (WSO)
A Class (WSA)

AdjudicationEdit

WGI Adjudication Manuals for color guards,[23] percussion[24] and winds[25] championships divide scoring in set reference criteria known as captions forming a scoring rubric. Each caption is subdivided into elements such as performance analysis, design analysis, and effect evaluation. The adjudication manual is multi-tiered, meaning each competitive class—Regional A, A Class, Open Class, and World Class—has a set of scoring sheets listing differing criteria and descriptions for each caption.

Color Guard captions and scoringEdit

Captions Category Points
Equipment Vocabulary (10) = 20.00
Excellence (10)
Movement Vocabulary (10) = 20.00
Excellence (10)
Design Vocabulary (10) = 20.00
Excellence (10)
Effect Composition (10) = 20.00 x 2
Excellence (10)
Subtotal 100.00
Timing & Penalties - 0.00
Total 100.00

Marching percussion captions and scoringEdit

Caption Category Points
Music Composition (10) = 30.00
Performance Quality (20)
Visual Composition (10) = 20.00
Performance Quality (10)
Music Effect Overall Music (15) = 30.00
Music Effect (15)
Visual Effect Overall Visual (10) = 20.00
Visual Effect (10)
Subtotal 100.00
Timing & Penalties - 0.00
Total 100.00

Concert percussion captions and scoringEdit

Caption Category Points
Music Composition (20) = 50.00
Performance Quality (30)
Artistry Program (20) = 50.00
Fulfillment (30)
Subtotal 100.00
Timing & Penalties - 0.00
Total 100.00

Winds captions and scoringEdit

Caption Category Points
Music Analysis Composition (15) = 30.00
Achievement (15)
Visual Analysis Composition (15) = 30.00
Achievement (15)
Overall Effect Repertoire (20) = 40.00
Communication (20)
Subtotal 100.00
Timing & Penalties - 0.00
Total 100.00

Past championsEdit

Source(s):[21][22][26]

Color guard (1978–present)Edit

Year Independent World
(IW)
Independent Open
(IO)
Independent A
(IA)
Scholastic World
(SW)
Scholastic Open[b]
(SO)
Scholastic A
(SA)
1978
(1st)
Quasar
1979
(2nd)
Phantom Regiment
1980
(3rd)
Phantom Regiment (2) West Bridgewater Holley Central HS
1981
(4th)
Cavaliers Conquest Holley Central HS (2)
1982
(5th)
Cavaliers (2) Elizabeth HS Marcus Whitman HS
1983
(6th)
Cavaliers (3) Woonsocket HS Canandaigua Academy
1984
(7th)
Skylarks Blue Horizon Center Grove HS
1985
(8th)
Erté
(tie)
State Street Review
St. Anthony's Union HS Westerville South HS
1986
(9th)
State Street Review (2) Final Analysis Center Grove HS (2) Hillwood HS
1987
(10th)
State Street Review (3) Studio One Union HS (2) Andrew HS
1988
(11th)
State Street Review (4) Alliance Union HS (3) Lincoln HS
1989
(12th)
State Street Review (5) Accents Tate HS[c] North Penn HS
1990
(13th)
Blessed Sacrament Genesis II Center Grove HS (3) Lincoln-Way HS – Central
1991
(14th)
San José Raiders Sacred Heart Miamisburg HS Salisbury HS
1992
(15th)
San José Raiders (2) South Shore Drill Team Miamisburg HS (2) Southport HS
1993
(16th)
San José Raiders (3) St. Patrick's Nouveau Bishop Kearney HS Centerville HS Lakeland HS
1994
(17th)
San José Raiders (4) Chimeras Florida Visual Bishop Kearney HS (2) Pomona HS John Overton HS
1995
(18th)
Blue Devils Fantasia The Company Bishop Kearney HS (3) John Overton HS Mt. Carmel HS
1996
(19th)
Blue Devils (2) The Company St. Ann's Bishop Kearney HS (4) Springboro HS Lassiter HS
1997
(20th)
Blue Devils (3) Shadow Danse St. John's Productions Bishop Kearney HS (5) Lassiter HS Kings HS
1998
(21st)
Blue Devils (4) Patriots Nolan James Logan HS Kings HS Carroll HS
1999
(22nd)
Emerald Marquis Nolan The Lakota James Logan HS (2) Pomona HS (2) Nease HS
2000
(23rd)
Fantasia St. Ann's Infinity James Logan HS (3) Franklin Central HS Lake Mary HS
2001
(24th)
Pride of Cincinnati St. Ann's (2) Esperanza de Luz James Logan HS (4) Avon HS Walton HS
2002
(25th)
Fantasia (2) Oracle Lealta James Logan HS (5) Irondale HS Fletcher HS
2003
(26th)
San José Raiders (5) Lealta Terpsichore James Logan HS (6) Centerville HS (2) Santaluces HS
2004
(27th)
Fantasia (3) Sacred Heart St. Ann's (2) James Logan HS (7) The Woodlands HS Kennesaw Mt. HS
2005
(28th)
Pride of Cincinnati (2) Interplay St. John's of Beverly James Logan HS (8) Kennesaw Mt. HS Freedom HS
2006
(29th)
Fantasia (4) Croatan Étude James Logan HS (9) Cheshire HS Gates Chili HS
2007
(30th)
Pride of Cincinnati (3) Code Black Rhapsody James Logan HS (10) Carmel HS Taravella HS
2008
(31st)
Fantasia (5) Alter Ego Cascades Flanagan HS Northmont HS Colonial HS
2009
(32nd)
Santa Clara Vanguard Rhapsody State of Art Avon HS Marian Catholic HS N. Syracuse Central HS
2010
(33rd)
Onyx O2[d] Pacificaires
  Canada
James Logan HS (11) West Johnston HS Little Elm HS
2011
(34th)
Santa Clara Vanguard (2) Pacificaires
  Canada
South Shore Drill Team (2) Carmel HS Oak Ridge HS O'Fallon Twp. HS
2012
(35th)
Onyx (2) O2 (2) Impact Flanagan HS Freedom HS Somerville HS
2013
(36th)
Pride of Cincinnati (4) Identity Luminosa Carmel HS (2) Mechanicsburg HS Bellbrook HS
2014
(37th)
Onyx (3) UCF Pegasus[e] Georgia State University Tarpon Springs HS Spring HS Lyman HS
2015
(38th)
Santa Clara Vanguard (3) Interplay (2) St. Ann's (4) Carmel HS (3) Somerville HS Marvin Ridge HS
2016
(39th)
Pride of Cincinnati (4) Juxtaposition Paramount "A"[f] Tarpon Springs HS (2) Shenendehowa HS Bellevue West HS
2017
(40th)
Pride of Cincinnati (5) AMP FIU Carmel HS (4) Stockdale HS Klein Oak HS
2018
(41st)
Paramount UCF Pegasus (2) Pacificaires (2)
  Canada
Avon HS (2) Park Vista HS Leander HS
2019
(42nd)
Pride of Cincinnati (6) George Mason University Icon Winter Guard Avon HS (3) Fishers HS Fleming Island HS
2020
(—)
Championships cancelled

Marching percussion (1993–present)Edit

Year Scholastic World
(PSW)
Scholastic Open
(PSO)
Scholastic A
(PSA)
Independent World
(PIW)
Independent Open
(PIO)
Independent A
(PIA)
1993
(16th)
Clovis West HS
1994
(17th)
Lincoln-Way HS – Central Blue Knights
1995
(18th)
Father Ryan HS (1) (A)

Hatboro-Horsham HS (AA)

Atlanta Rhythm Machine
1996
(19th)
Avon HS (A)
(tie)
Father Ryan HS (2) (A)

John Overton HS (AA)

Music City Mystique
1997
(20th)
Northglenn HS Avon HS Clayton Valley HS Music City Mystique (2) South Mountain
1998
(21st)
Dartmouth HS Arvada HS Johansen HS Music City Mystique (3) Freelancers
1999
(22nd)
Dartmouth HS (2) Centerville HS Ayala HS Blue Knights (2) South Maine
2000
(23rd)
King Philip HS Father Ryan HS Loara HS
(tie)
Thomas Worthington HS
Blue Knights (3) Penn State Eastside Fury
2001
(24th)
Mission Viejo HS Avon HS (2) Springboro HS Music City Mystique (4) Eklipse Arthur Hill
2002
(25th)
Avon HS Choctawhatchee HS New Palestine HS Riverside Rhythm X Plan B
2003
(26th)
Winston Churchill HS Thomas Worthington HS Clovis East HS Blue Knights (4) North Coast Academy L.E.A.P.
2004
(27th)
Centerville HS Rancho Cucamonga HS Loara HS (2) Music City Mystique (5) Eastside Fury L.E.A.P. (2)
2005
(28th)
Center Grove HS Clear Brook HS Page HS Riverside (2) Surround Sound Elements
2006
(29th)
Center Grove HS (2) Pacifica HS Mariner HS Music City Mystique (6) First Degree Walled Lake
2007
(30th)
Mission Viejo HS Pacifica HS (2) Greenfield-Central HS Riverside (3) United Pioneer
2008
(31st)
Dartmouth HS (3) Pacifica HS (3) South Hills HS Rhythm X Tyler Junior College Pioneer (2)
2009
(32nd)
Dartmouth HS (4) Pacifica HS (4) Los Alamitos HS Rhythm X (2) Pariah OCI
2010
(33rd)
Ayala HS South Hills HS Timber Creek HS Pulse Palmetto Dojo
2011
(34th)
Arcadia HS Pacifica HS (5) Chantilly HS Music City Mystique (7) Vanguard Madison
2012
(35th)
Chino Hills HS South Hills HS (2) Lebanon HS Riverside (4) George Mason University Spirit of America
2013
(36th)
Chino Hills HS (2) Upper Darby HS Hilton HS Rhythm X (3) Capital City Brookwood
2014
(37th)
Dartmouth HS (5) Clinton HS Victor J. Andrew HS Pulse (2) Cadets Lone Star
2015
(38th)
Chino Hills HS (3) Lebanon HS Lake Orion HS Riverside (5) Spirit of America PureFusion
2016
(39th)
Ayala HS (2) Sparkman HS Victor J. Andrew HS (2) Pulse (3) Vigilantes STRYKE 2
2017
(40th)
Chino Hills HS (4) Burleson Centennial HS Fair Lawn HS Music City Mystique (8) Infinity 2 Modulation Z
2018
(41st)
Chino Hills HS (5) Clear Brook HS Plainfield HS Riverside (6) Matrix[g] IMPACT
2019
(42nd)
Chino Hills HS (6) Sparkman HS (2) Grand Blanc HS Broken City Bakersfield College Unity
2020
(—)
Championships cancelled

Concert percussion (1994–present)Edit

Year Scholastic World
(PSCW)
Scholastic Open
(PSCO)
Scholastic A
(PSCA)
Independent World
(PCW)
University Class[a]
1994
(17th)
Baldwinsville HS
1995
(18th)
Baldwinsville HS (2)
1996
(19th)
Gateway HS
1997
(20th)
Gateway HS (2) Patriots UNLV
1998
(21st)
Franklin Central HS Patriots (2)
1999
(22nd)
Franklin Central HS (2) Cynosure Georgia Tech
2000
(23rd)
Franklin Central HS (3)
2001
(24th)
Franklin Central HS (4) Union HS
2002
(25th)
Franklin Central HS (5) New Albany HS
2003
(26th)
Fort Mill HS Portsmouth HS
2004
(27th)
Franklin Central HS (6) Mission Viejo HS
2005
(28th)
Fort Mill HS (2) Goshen HS
2006
(29th)
Ayala HS Heritage HS
2007
(30th)
Ayala HS (2) Mansfield HS
2008
(31st)
Claremont HS Mansfield HS (2)
2009
(32nd)
Ayala HS (3) Muscle Shoals HS
2010
(33rd)
Ayala HS (4) Golden HS
2011
(34th)
Muscle Shoals HS Portsmouth HS (2)
2012
(35th)
Woodbridge HS Hickory HS
2013
(36th)
James Logan HS Clayton HS
2014
(37th)
Ayala HS (5) Goshen HS
2015
(38th)
Ayala HS (6) Mansfield HS (3)
2016
(39th)
Ayala HS (7) Dakota Ridge HS
2017
(40th)
Ayala HS (8) Tomball HS
2018
(41st)
Fishers HS Clayton HS Decatur Central HS
2019
(42nd)
Fishers HS (2) Campbell County HS Price Charter
2020
(—)
Championships cancelled

Winds (2015–present)Edit

Year Independent World
(WIW)
Independent Open
(WIO)
Independent A
(WIA)
Scholastic World
(WSW)
Scholastic Open
(WSO)
Scholastic A
(WSA)
2015
(38th)
Rhythm X FIU Inertia Father Ryan HS Ola HS Nova HS
2016
(39th)
Aimachi
  Japan
STRYKE Wynds FIU "A"[h] Avon HS Cleveland Jackson County HS
2017
(40th)
Rhythm X (2) Chromium Inertia (2) Avon HS (2) Central Lafourche HS Valley Christian HS
2018
(41st)
Rhythm X (3) Chromium (2) Valley Christian Flanagan HS Azle HS Lake Hamilton HS
2019
(42nd)
Rhythm X (4) Chromium (3) Daviess County HS Cleveland HS South Jones HS Valley Christian HS (2)
2020
(—)
Championships cancelled

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b The Percussion University class was often referred to as Collegiate and College Class.
  2. ^ From 1980 to 1984, Scholastic Open (SO) Class was known as Scholastic Class.
  3. ^ Tate High School is listed as Chaparrals on WGI's score archive.
  4. ^ O2 (IO) was affiliated with Onyx (IW).
  5. ^ The Pegasus color guard was previously sponsored by the University of Central Florida.
  6. ^ Paramount "A" was affiliated with Paramount (IW).
  7. ^ The Matrix percussion ensemble is also known as Matrix Open.
  8. ^ FIU "A" winds ensemble was affiliated with FIU world class winds ensemble.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "WINTER GUARD INTERNATIONAL INC". ProPublica. November 2, 2018. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "2020 CG Calendar". WGI. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "History". WGI. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "2020 Perc Calendar". WGI. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  5. ^ "WGI Handbooks". www.lmcgpc.org. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  6. ^ "2018 WGI RULEBOOK". wgasc.org. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Future Dates". WGI. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  8. ^ a b "WGI World Championships in Dayton cancelled". WHIO-TV. March 11, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  9. ^ "International Events". WGI. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Shirley Stratton, Dorritie (2003). "Chapter 8: Why the Guns?: Color Guard from Military to Modern". In Vickers, Steve (ed.). A History of Drum and Bugle Corps. 2. Madison, Wisconsin: Sights & Sounds, Inc. pp. 76–81.
  11. ^ a b "A look back at the very first WGI World Championship in 1978". DCI. April 10, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  12. ^ History of WGI. WGI. September 4, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2018 – via YouTube.
  13. ^ a b "BY-LAWS OF WINTER GUARD INTERNATIONAL, INC" (PDF). WGI. December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c d e "What is WGI". WGI. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  15. ^ "Partners". WGI. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  16. ^ Schamma, Andy (May 21, 2018). "Rule, Policy Changes Coming To WGI In 2019". FloMarching. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  17. ^ Schamma, Andy (August 28, 2018). "WGI Announces 2019 Color Guard Class Promotions". FloMarching. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  18. ^ a b Anderson, Catina (September 24, 2008). "WGI Brings Back the Regional A Class". colorguardeducator.com. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  19. ^ "2020 World Championship Scholarships To Be Awarded". WGI. March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  20. ^ "Circuit Partners CG". WGI. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  21. ^ a b "Historical Scores". WGI. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Historical Scores Percussion". WGI. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  23. ^ Nankervis, Ron (September 27, 2017). "WGI Color Guard Contest Rules 2018" (PDF). WGI. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  24. ^ Nankervis, Ron (January 18, 2018). "WGI Percussion Ensemble Contest Rules 2018" (PDF). WGI. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  25. ^ Nankervis, Ron (February 22, 2018). "WGI Winds Contest Rules 2018" (PDF). WGI. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  26. ^ "2019 Scores". WGI. May 19, 2019. Retrieved August 25, 2020.

External linksEdit