Winooski // is a city in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. Located on the Winooski River, as of the 2010 U.S. Census the municipal population was 7,267. The city is the most densely populated municipality in northern New England, an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. It is the smallest in area of Vermont's nine incorporated cities. As part of the Burlington, Vermont metropolitan area, it is bordered by Burlington, Colchester, and South Burlington.
The Winooski Block (1867) in downtown Winooski
|• Mayor||Kristine Lott (I)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Hal Colston (D)|
|• Manager||Jessie Baker (I)|
|• Total||1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)|
|• Land||1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||177 ft (54 m)|
|• Density||5,190.7/sq mi (1,964.1/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1460302|
|Website||Winooski, VT Official City Website|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), of which 1.4 square miles (3.7 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km2) (5.30%) is water.
As early as 750 AD, the Abenaki tribe lived along the shores of a cascading waterfall in a fertile river valley they called "winoskitegw," meaning “land of the wild onion.” Winooski's southern border is formed by the Winooski River, which is alternatively known as the Onion River.
Five thousand years ago a single family of paleolithic Native Americans came to what is now the city. The prehistoric campground for this transient group is one of Vermont's significant archaeological sites. Other native people came to Winooski in the years that followed.
Situated on a main road, Winooski most likely started as a rest stop for travelers. With a set of waterfalls to assist the growth of industry, however, it soon also became a center for wool processing.
In the early 1770s Ira Allen constructed a blockhouse on the Winooski (then "Onion") River which served both as a fort and as general store and office for the land-speculating Onion River Company. Fort Frederick was never used for defense, but its presence increased the value of Onion River property and promoted settlement.
After the Revolutionary War, Ira Allen built a dam across the river with a sawmill at each end.
In the late 1830s the Burlington Mill Company used the river's power for the manufacture of yarns and cloth.
The American Woolen Company purchased the failing Burlington Mills in 1901 restoring a measure of economic growth to the area. This success eventually led Winooski to incorporate as a city in 1922, breaking away from the town of Colchester.
The mills closed in 1954, resulting in two decades of economic problems for the city. In the 1980s, two old mills were converted into commercial, office, and apartment space, helping to revitalize the area.
In 1979, the city researched the construction of a dome over the entire city of Winooski, to reduce heating costs during the winter. The proposed dome would have been 200 feet (61 m) at the center, and internal combustion engines would have been banned. Though the dome was never built, to this day the city's planner defends the concept, insisting "Economically, it's a slam dunk," and adding "You could have had year-round fly-fishing."
The mayor of the city is Kristine Lott who is the first elected female mayor in Winooski's history. Jesse Baker was hired as city manager in 2017, replacing Katherine "Deac" Deccareau.
|Deputy Mayor||Hal Colston||Democratic||2019|
|Manager||Jesse Baker||Independent||2017 (appointed)|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 U.S. Census, there were 7,267 people and 3,252 households residing in the city. The population density was 5,191 people per square mile (1,964.1/km2). There were 3,393 housing units at an average density of 2,107.5 per square mile (814.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.5% white (81.5% non-Hispanic white alone), 6.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 6.2% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population. 36% of the population are of French and French Canadian ancestry, 13% Irish, 8% English, and 5% Italian or German.
There were 3,252 households, of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.2% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.98. 14.4% of the city's total population was born outside of the United States.
In the city, the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,592, and the median income for a family was $38,551. Males had a median income of $30,257 versus $21,168 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,208. About 10.2% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.
Bus service is provided by Green Mountain Transit.
- Jan Backus, a former Vermont state senator, lives in Winooski.
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- Kelley, Kevin J. "What's in a Name? The Origins of the "Winooski" River". sevendaysvt.com.
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- "About Winooski". Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- "A VISIT TO BURLINGTON, VERMONT – Burlington is a perfect destination!". www.burlingtonvt.org. Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2008-05-31.
- A Dome for Winooski? - TIME Magazine retrieved June 15, 2008
- "Doomed Dome: The Future That Never Was - h+ Media". h+ Media. 2009-09-30. Archived from the original on 2011-03-13. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- Sutkoski, Matt (September 24, 2008). Winooski manager's future cloudy. Burlington Free Press.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- Winooski - Winooski - Ancestry & family history. ePodunk. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.