Wilton G. S. Sankawulo
Wilton Gbakolo Sengbe Sankawulo, Sr
|Chairman of the Council of State of Liberia|
1 September 1995 – 3 September 1996
G. V. Kromah
|Preceded by||David D. Kpormakor|
|Succeeded by||Ruth Perry|
|Born||26 July 1937|
|Died||21 February 2009 (aged 71)|
|Political party||Unity Party|
|Alma mater||Cuttington University|
Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary
University of Iowa
Sankawulo was born in 1937 in Haindii in Lower Bong County. He entered Cuttington College and Divinity School (now Cuttington University) in 1960. He began his literary career there by publishing his short stories in the Cuttington Review, the college's literary magazine. Upon his graduation in 1963 he was awarded a fellowship to study at Sacred Theology at the Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary in Berkeley, California. He earned his master's degree in divinity and subsequently attended a writers' workshop at the University of Iowa, which led him to earn a second master's degree in English.
Upon his return to Liberia in the late 1960s, Sankawulo was employed at the Department of Information and Cultural Affairs (now Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism), where he served first in the Press Bureau and was later appointed Director of the Overseas Press Bureau. During this time, he maintained a teaching position at the University of Liberia, where he rose to the post of Associate Professor from 1985 until 1990. He also taught English and Literature at his alma mater, Cuttington.
Sankawulo began his fame as a writer in the early 1970s. In 1974, he published The Marriage of Wisdom, and Other Tales, a collection of Liberian stories. He subsequently published Why Nobody Knows When He Will Die. In 1979, he wrote a novel, The Rain and the Night. He also authored Sundown at Dawn: A Liberian Odyssey and produced an anthology of African stories entitled More Modern African African Stories. His novel Birds Are Singing was posthumously published in 2010.
When William R. Tolbert became President in 1971, Sankawulo, while still in the employ of the Ministry of Information, wrote a biography of the new president entitled Tolbert of Liberia. After serving as Research Specialist at the Ministry of Information, Sankawulo was transferred to the Executive Mansion, where he spent almost a year as Assistant Minister of State for Presidential Affairs. He served as Director General of the Cabinet from 1983 until 1985 and subsequently as Special Assistant for Academic Affairs to President Samuel K. Doe. It was in the latter position, as Doe's teacher, that he helped Doe to complete his academic work, leading to Doe's graduation from the University of Liberia in 1989.
Sankawulo served as the leader of Liberia from September 1, 1995, until September 3, 1996, as chairman of the Council of State, which then governed Liberia. The council functioned as a collective presidency of the Liberia National Transitional Government. His predecessor, from March 1994 to September 1995, was David Kpomakpor. The council of state consisted of a civilian chair and members Charles Taylor, United Liberation Movement of Liberia for Democracy-K leader Alhaji Kromah, Liberia Peace Council leader George Boley, and two other civilians.
Sankawulo stepped down from office on September 3, 1996, and was succeeded by Ruth Perry as chairwoman of this Council of State, who served until August 2, 1997, when she handed power to Charles Taylor, following elections held in July 1997.
Sankawulo died from congestive heart failure on February 21, 2009. He was 71 years old. He had been hospitalised for three weeks prior to his death at the John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital in Monrovia.
- "Wilton Sankawulo is dead". Liberian Observer. February 21, 2009.
- "Government Pays Homage to Professor Sankawulo", Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of the Republic of Liberia.
- Robert Brown, "Chapter 4: Birds Are Singing", in The Novels of Wilton Sankawulo: A Critical Study, AuthorHouse, 2014.
David D. Kpormakor
| Chairman of the Council of State of Liberia