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Wilton (UK Parliament constituency)

Wilton was the name of a parliamentary borough in Wiltshire. It was represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1295 to 1707, then in the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and finally in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It had two Members of Parliament (MPs) until 1832, but from 1832 to 1885 only one member, as a result of the Reform Act 1832. In 1885 the borough was abolished, but the name of the constituency was then transferred to a new county constituency electing one Member from 1885 until 1918.

Wilton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
CountyWiltshire
Major settlementsWilton
18851918
Number of membersOne
Replaced bySalisbury and Westbury
Created fromSouth Wiltshire
1295–1885
Number of members1295–1832: Two
1832–1885: One
Type of constituencyBorough constituency

Contents

BoundariesEdit

1885-1918: The Borough of Salisbury, the Sessional Divisions of Amesbury, Hindon, and Salisbury, and the civil parishes of Figheldean, Fisherton-de-la-Mere, Milston, and Wily.

Stonehenge was within the constituency from 1885 until the seat disappeared in 1918, since when it has been in the Salisbury seat.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Wilton boroughEdit

MPs 1295–1640Edit

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Thomas Cuttyng Thomas Moleyns [1]
1388 (Feb) Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1388 (Sep) Thomas Cuttyng John Hulle [1]
1390 (Jan) Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391
1393 John Cole Henry Bont [1]
1394 Thomas Cuttyng John Cole [1]
1395 Thomas Cuttyng John Hardy [1]
1397 (Jan) John Hardy William Chitterne [1]
1397 (Sep) John Hardy Thomas Cuttyng [1]
1399 Thomas Cuttyng William Chitterne [1]
1401
1402 John Bottenham William Chitterne [1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Robert Frye John Hardy [1]
1407 Robert Frye Robert Lardiner [1]
1410 Robert Frye John Harleston [1]
1411 Robert Frye John Harleston [1]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Robert Frye John Lambarde [1]
1414 (Apr) John Valeys John Harleston [1]
1414 (Nov) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1415 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1419 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1420 John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1421 (May) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1421 (Dec) John Harleston John Whithorne [1]
1510-1523 No names known[2]
1529 Geoffrey Pole Edmund Knightley [2]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 Sir Edward Bayntun[3] William Herbert [2]
1545 Sir Thomas Lee Christopher Willoughby [2]
1547 Robert Watson Robert Warner [2]
1553 (Mar) William Damsell[4] William Wightman [2]
1553 (Oct) Nicholas Chowne Henry Creed [2]
1554 (Apr) William Clerke Matthew Colthurst [2]
1554 (Nov) William Clerke Henry Creed [2]
1555 Henry Creed William Clerke [2]
1558 William Clerke Henry Creed [2]
1559 Henry Bodenham Thomas Highgate[5]
1562/3 William Wightman Thomas Highgate [5]
1571 William Wightman Thomas Highgate [5]
1572 William Clerke Francis Vaughan [5]
1584 John Penruddock Roger Earthe [5]
1586 Edward Penruddock Henry Martyn [5]
1588 Thomas Cavendish Robert Penruddock [5]
1593 Sir Thomas Morgan Robert Penruddock [5]
1597 Thomas Muffet[6] Robert Penruddock [5]
1601 Sir Edmund Morgan Hugh Sanford [5]
1604-1611 Sir Thomas Edmonds Hugh Sandford
1614 Sir Robert Sidney Thomas Morgan
1621 Henry Nevill, 9th Baron Bergavenny ennobled 1622
replaced by
Thomas Morgan
Sir Thomas Tracy
1624 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir Percy Hobart
1625 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir William Harrington
1626 Sir Thomas Morgan Sir John Evelyn
1628 John Pooley Sir Thomas Morgan
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1832Edit

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Sir Henry Vane (the elder) Parliamentarian Sir Benjamin Rudyerd Parliamentarian
November 1640
December 1648 Rudyerd excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Wilton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Richard Grobham Howe Hon. John Herbert
May 1659 Wilton was not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Richard Grobham Howe Francis Swanton
April 1661 John Nicholas [7] Thomas Mompesson
June 1661 John Berkenhead
February 1679 Hon. Thomas Herbert Thomas Penruddocke
August 1679 Sir John Nicholas
1685 Oliver Nicholas
1689 Thomas Penruddocke Thomas Wyndham
1690 Sir Richard Grobham Howe
1695 John Hawles John Gauntlett
1698 Sir Henry Ashurst
January 1701 Thomas Phipps
November 1701 Sir Henry Ashurst
July 1702 Sir John Hawles George Boddington
November 1702 John Gauntlett
1705 William Nicholas
1708 Sir Lambert Blackwell Charles Mompesson
1710 John London [8]
1711 Peter Bathurst
1713 John London Thomas Pitt [9]
1722 Hon. Robert Sawyer Herbert
1727 Thomas Martin
1734 Colonel the Hon. William Herbert
1757 Hon. Nicholas Herbert
1768 Henry Herbert
1775 Captain Charles Herbert
1780 Lord Herbert William Gerard Hamilton
1785 Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Goldsworthy
1788 Lord Herbert
1790 The Viscount FitzWilliam
1794 Major General Philip Goldsworthy
1801 John Spencer
1804 Ralph Sheldon
1806 Captain the Hon. Charles Herbert
1807 Captain Charles Herbert
1816 Viscount FitzHarris
1821 John Penruddocke Tory
1823 Edward Baker
1830 Henry Bulwer
1831 James Dawkins
1832 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1832–1885Edit

Election Member Party
1832 John Penruddocke Tory[10]
1834 Conservative[10]
1837 Edward Baker Conservative[10]
1841 James Harris Conservative[10]
1841 by-election James Agar Conservative[10]
1847 Peelite[11][12]
1852 Charles A'Court Peelite[13][14]
1855 by-election (Sir) Edmund Antrobus [15] Peelite[16]
1859 Liberal
1877 by-election Hon. Sidney Herbert Conservative
1885 Borough abolished - name transferred to county division

Wiltshire, Southern or Wilton DivisionEdit

MPs 1885–1918Edit

Year Member Party
1885 Sir Thomas Grove Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie Conservative
1900 James Morrison Conservative
1906 Levi Lapper Morse Liberal
1910 Sir Charles Bathurst Conservative
1918 Hugh Morrison Unionist
1918 Constituency abolished

Election resultsEdit

Decades:

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Wilton [17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Harris Unopposed
Registered electors 194
Conservative hold

Harris succeeded to the peerage, becoming 3rd Earl of Malmesbury, causing a by-election.

By-election, 6 October 1841: Wilton [17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Agar Unopposed
Registered electors 205
Conservative hold
General election 1847: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite James Agar Unopposed
Registered electors 216
Peelite gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite Charles A'Court 125 82.8 N/A
Conservative Jeremiah Greene Jones Greene[19] 26 17.2 N/A
Majority 99 65.6 N/A
Turnout 151 70.3 N/A
Registered electors 219
Peelite hold Swing N/A

A'Court resigned after being appointed a Special Commissioner of Property and Income Tax in Ireland, causing a by-election.

By-election, 28 March 1855: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Peelite hold
General election 1857: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Peelite Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 251
Peelite hold
General election 1859: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 258
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 265
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 931
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edmund Antrobus Unopposed
Registered electors 1,040
Liberal hold

Antrobus resigned, causing a by-election.

1877 Wilton by-election[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sidney Herbert 751 80.1 N/A
Liberal John Freeman Norris[20] 187 19.9 N/A
Majority 564 60.1 N/A
Turnout 938 86.3 N/A
Registered electors 1,087
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Wilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sidney Herbert 819 67.4 N/A
Lib-Lab Joseph Arch[21] 397 32.6 N/A
Majority 422 34.7 N/A
Turnout 1,216 86.8 N/A
Registered electors 1,401
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Herbert was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, requiring a by-election.

1885 Wilton by-electionWilton [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sidney Herbert Unopposed
Conservative hold
 
Herbert
General election 1885: Wilton [22][23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Grove 4,151 55.5 +22.9
Conservative Sidney Herbert 3,329 44.5 −22.9
Majority 822 11.0 N/A
Turnout 7,480 86.2 −0.6
Registered electors 8,675
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +22.9
General election 1886: Wilton [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Thomas Grove Unopposed
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1890sEdit

 
Folkestone
General election 1892: Wilton [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 3,743 52.9 N/A
Liberal Thomas Grove 3,336 47.1 N/A
Majority 407 5.8 N/A
Turnout 7,079 79.1 N/A
Registered electors 8,951
Conservative hold
General election 1895: Wilton [22][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 3,828 51.8 -1.1
Liberal Lionel Edward Pyke 3,565 48.2 +1.1
Majority 263 3.6 -2.2
Turnout 7,393 86.9 +7.8
Registered electors 8,511
Conservative hold Swing -1.1

Elections in the 1900sEdit

1900 Wilton by-election [22][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Morrison Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1900: Wilton [22][23][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Morrison 3,733 56.3 +4.5
Liberal Martin White 2,892 43.7 −4.5
Majority 841 12.6 = +9.0
Turnout 6,626 80.7 −6.2
Registered electors 8,205
Conservative hold
 
Morse
General election 1906: Wilton [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Levi Lapper Morse 4,272 54.6 +10.9
Conservative James Morrison 3,548 45.4 −10.9
Majority 724 9.2 N/A
Turnout 7,820 90.6 +9.9
Registered electors 8,632
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +10.9

Elections in the 1910sEdit

 
Verney
General election January 1910: Wilton [22][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Bathurst 4,541 53.8 +8.4
Liberal Harry Verney 3,894 46.2 -8.4
Majority 647 7.6 16.8
Turnout 93.0 +2.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.4
General election December 1910: Wilton [22][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Bathurst 4,356 53.6 -0.2
Liberal Francis Rogers 3,769 46.4 +0.2
Majority 587 7.2 -0.4
Turnout 89.6 -3.4
Conservative hold Swing -0.2

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

1918 Wilton by-election [22][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Hugh Morrison Unopposed
Unionist hold

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  3. ^ Wall, Alison. "Baynton family". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/71877.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Stanley T. Bindoff, The House of Commons|| 1509-1558, vol. 4, p. 9
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  6. ^ "Moffett, Thomas" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  7. ^ Nicholas was also elected for West Looe and Ripon. He chose to represent Ripon, and did not sit for Wilton in this parliament
  8. ^ On petition, London was found not to have been duly elected
  9. ^ Created The Lord Londonderry 1719 and The Viscount Londonderry 1726, both titles being in the Peerage of Ireland
  10. ^ a b c d e Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 123–125. Retrieved 6 January 2019 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "The Elections". London Daily News. 2 August 1847. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ "Hampshire Advertiser". 7 August 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ "Wilton". Morning Post. 8 July 1852. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. ^ Morton, Edward, ed. (1854). Adam's Parliamentary Handbook: Comprising a Pocket Peerage and Parliamentary Companion (Third ed.). London: Henry Adams; C. Westerton; Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 278. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ Succeeded to a baronetcy, May 1870
  16. ^ "Berkshire Chronicle". 31 March 1855. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 333. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  18. ^ a b Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 91–92. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  19. ^ "Hampshire Advertiser". 10 July 1852. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 22 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. ^ "Wilton". Swindon Advertiser and North Wilts Chronicle. 17 February 1877. p. 5. Retrieved 23 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. ^ "Candidature of Mr Joseph Arch at Wilton". Daily News. 20 March 1880. p. 2. Retrieved 15 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 418. ISBN 9781349022984.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  24. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  25. ^ a b c d e Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  26. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1918
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  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)