William de Turbeville

William de Turbeville (or William Turbe;[1] c. 1095 – January 1174) was a medieval Bishop of Norwich.

William de Turbeville
Bishop of Norwich
Electedeither 1146 or early 1147
Term endedJanuary 1174
PredecessorEverard
SuccessorJohn of Oxford
Orders
Consecrationc. 1147
Personal details
Bornc. 1095
Died16 or 17 January 1174
Norwich, Norfolk
DenominationRoman Cathollic

LifeEdit

Turbeville was educated in the Benedictine cathedral-priory of Norwich. Here he also made religious profession, first as a teacher and later as prior. He first held the office of precentor of the diocese of Norwich from about 1136, and was subsequently Prior of Norwich.[2]

Turbeville was present at the Easter synod of 1144 when Godwin Stuart told the improbable story that his nephew, William of Norwich, a boy of about twelve years, had been murdered by the Norwich Jews during the preceding Holy Week.

When Turbeville became bishop in 1146 or early 1147[1] he propagated the cult of the "boy-martyr". On four occasions he had the boy's remains transferred to more honourable places, and in 1168 erected a chapel in his honor in Mousehold Wood, where the boy's body was said to have been found. He persuaded Thomas of Monmouth, a monk of Norwich priory, to write "The Life and Miracles of St. William of Norwich" about 1173, the only extant authority for the legend of William, which is now commonly discredited.

Turbeville attended the Council of Rheims in 1148.[3]

Turbeville died on 16 January 1174[1] or 17 January 1174.[4]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 261
  2. ^ British History Online Priors of Norwich accessed on 29 October 2007
  3. ^ Haring "Notes on the Council and the Consistory of Rheims (1148)" Mediaeval Studies
  4. ^ British History Online Bishops of Norwich accessed on 29 October 2007

ReferencesEdit

  • British History Online Bishops of Norwich accessed on 29 October 2007
  • British History Online Priors of Norwich accessed on 29 October 2007
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Haring, Nicholas (1966). "Notes on the Council and the Consistory of Rheims (1148)". Mediaeval Studies. XXVIII: 39–59.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Norwich
1146–1174
Succeeded by

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Missing or empty |title= (help)