William Sanford Pennington

William Sanford Pennington (1757 – September 17, 1826) was a United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey, an associate justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, the sixth governor of New Jersey and a United States district judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.

William Sanford Pennington
William Sanford Pennington.jpg
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey
In office
June 19, 1815 – September 17, 1826
Appointed byJames Madison
Preceded byRobert Morris
Succeeded byWilliam Rossell
6th Governor of New Jersey
In office
October 29, 1813 – June 19, 1815
Preceded byAaron Ogden
Succeeded byWilliam Kennedy (acting)
United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey
In office
1803–1804
PresidentThomas Jefferson
Preceded byGeorge C. Maxwell
Succeeded byJoseph McIlvaine
New Jersey State Council
In office
1801–1802
Personal details
Born
William Sanford Pennington

1757 (1757)
Newark, Province of New Jersey,
British America
DiedSeptember 17, 1826(1826-09-17) (aged 68–69)
Newark, New Jersey
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
ChildrenWilliam Pennington
Educationread law

Early life and military serviceEdit

Born in 1757, in Newark, Province of New Jersey, British America,[1] His parents were Samuel Pennington (c. 1726-1791) and Mary Sandford (c. 1726-1805). He was the namesake of his grandfather William Sandford (III) and great-great-grandson of William Sandford.[2] Pennington likely was trained as a hatter and likely engaged in that profession during his early years.[3] He joined the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. In 1777, he was promoted to sergeant in the Second Regiment of Artillery. He was promoted to second lieutenant in 1780. At the end of the war he was brevetted a captain by an Act of Congress.[3] Pennington served in the New Jersey General Assembly in 1797, 1798, and 1799, was elected to the New Jersey State Council (now the New Jersey Legislative Council) in 1801, and 1802.[3]

Education and careerEdit

Pennington read law in 1802,[1] with Elias Boudinot.[3] He entered private practice in Newark, New Jersey from 1802 to 1816.[1] He was county clerk for Essex County, New Jersey in 1803.[1] He was the United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey from 1803 to 1804.[1] He was an associate justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey from 1804 to 1813.[1] He was reporter for the Supreme Court of New Jersey from 1806 to 1813.[1] He was the 6th Governor of New Jersey from 1813 to 1815, elected as a Democratic-Republican.[4][5][1]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Pennington received a recess appointment from President James Madison on June 19, 1815, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey vacated by Judge Robert Morris.[1] He was nominated to the same position by President Madison on January 8, 1816.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 9, 1816, and received his commission on January 16, 1816.[1] His service terminated on September 17, 1826, due to his death in Newark.[1]

FamilyEdit

Pennington was the son of Mary Sanford and Samuel Penningston.[3] He married Phoebe Wheeler around 1786.[3] They had ten children including William Pennington (1796–1862) who became Governor of New Jersey and Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.[3] After the death of his wife in 1804, he married Elizabeth Pierson (c. 1765–1840) on July 13, 1805.[3]

MembershipEdit

Pennington joined other New Jersey officers in becoming a founding member of the Society of the Cincinnati in the State of New Jersey.[6]

LegacyEdit

Pennington's papers are archived with the New Jersey Historical Society in Newark.[3] Pennington, New Jersey is named for Pennington.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l William Sanford Pennington at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ Olson, Sharon; Schopfer, Chris (January 2018). "The Early Sandford Family in New Jersey, Revisited". The Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey: 38.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Guide to the William S. Pennington (1757–1826), Revolutionary War Soldier Papers 1780-1781 MG 234". New Jersey Historical Society.
  4. ^ Francis Samuel Drake (1879). Dictionary of American biography: including men of the time ... and a supplement. Houghton; Osgood. p. 705. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "A Rich History of Public Service". United States Department of Justice. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
  6. ^ "William Pennington | The Society of the Cincinnati in the State of New Jersey". njcincinnati.org. Retrieved May 17, 2019.

SourcesEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Governor of New Jersey
1813–1815
Succeeded by
Legal offices
Preceded by Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey
1815–1826
Succeeded by