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William McArthur (Lord Mayor of London)

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Sir William McArthur, KCMG JP DL (6 July 1809 – 16 November 1887)[1] was an Irish businessman and Lord Mayor of London, and a Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1868 to 1885.


Sir William McArthur

William McArthur, Vanity Fair, 1881-10-08.jpg
William McArthur's caricature by Spy published in Vanity Fair in 1881.
Member of the British Parliament
for Lambeth
In office
8 December 1868 – 18 December 1885
Serving with Baronet Lawrence
Preceded byThomas Hughes
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Lord Mayor of London
In office
1 January 1880 – 31 December 1880
Preceded byFrancis Wyatt Truscott
Succeeded byJohn Whittaker Ellis
Personal details
Born(1809-07-06)6 July 1809
Malin, Ireland, UK
Died16 November 1887(1887-11-16) (aged 78)
Derry, Ireland, UK
Resting placeWest Norwood Cemetery, London, England
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)
Marianne McElwaine
(m. 1843; his death 1887)
ProfessionBusinessman, manager

BiographyEdit

McArthur was born at Malin, County Donegal,[2] the son of Rev. John McArthur, a Methodist minister in Londonderry.[3] In 1821 he was apprenticed to a woollen draper in Enniskillen. He moved to Lurgan in 1825 where he was a merchant and in 1831 established a drapery business in Derry initially in a partnership, but later on his own. In 1841 his brother Alexander McArthur went to Australia and the business was trading with several destinations in Australia.[2] McArthur became an alderman of Derry. In 1857 McArthur moved the business to the City of London where he also became chairman of the Star Assurance Company, and was a director of the City Bank, the Bank of Australasia and the Australian Telegraph Co. He was a J.P. for Surrey and a Deputy Lieutenant for the City of London.[3]

McArthur was involved in the opening of Methodist College Belfast in 1865.[4] At the 1865 general election McArthur stood unsuccessfully for Parliament in Pontefract.[5] From 1867 to 1868 he was Sheriff of London and Middlesex.[3] At the 1868 general election McArthur was elected as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Lambeth,[6] and held the seat until borough was divided under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.[1][6] He was elected an alderman of London for Coleman Street in 1872 and became Lord Mayor of London in 1880. He was one of the founders of the London Chamber of Commerce in 1881 and was made KCMG in 1882.[2]

At the 1885 general election, McArthur stood as an Independent Liberal candidate in the new Newington West, but finished a poor third with 821 votes (16%).[7]

He had several interests in social and reforming organisations, including the Orphan Working School of Haverstock Hill and Hornsey Rise, and the Aborigines' Protection Society. In 1883 he opened Centenary Hall, Cottington Street, Kennington, and is remembered on a commemorative stone.[citation needed]

McArthur died at the age of 78 and was buried in Norwood cemetery. Sir William left sums for Methodist College Belfast to build its girls boarding hall.[4] McArthur married Marianne McElwaine in 1843.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)
  2. ^ a b c d Thomas W. H. Fitzgerald Ireland and Her People: A Library of Irish Biography
  3. ^ a b c Debretts House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881
  4. ^ a b "Methodist College - History". www.methody.org.
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 242. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
  6. ^ a b Craig, British parliamentary election results 1832–1885, page 13
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 37. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.

External linksEdit