William M. Hoge
General William Morris Hoge (January 13, 1894 – October 29, 1979) was a United States Army officer who fought in World War I, World War II and the Korean War, with a military career spanning nearly forty years.
William M. Hoge
|Born||January 13, 1894|
Boonville, Missouri, United States
|Died||October 29, 1979 (aged 85)|
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, United States
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1916–1955|
|Commands held||4th Armored Division|
United States Army Europe
|Battles/wars||World War I|
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross|
Army Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit
|Other work||Chairman of the Board, Interlake Iron Corporation|
Early life and military careerEdit
William M. Hoge grew up in Lexington, Missouri, where his father, William McGuffey Hoge, served as principal and superintendent at Wentworth Military Academy. After graduating from Wentworth in 1912, he received an appointment to the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York. He graduated in 1916, then was commissioned into the Engineer Branch of the United States Army and commanded a company of the 7th Engineer Regiment at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas from 1917 to 1918.
During World War I, Hoge received the Distinguished Service Cross personally from General John J. Pershing, Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) on the Western Front, for heroic action under fire as a battalion commander during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
Between the warsEdit
World War IIEdit
Hoge directed one of the great engineering feats of World War II, the construction of the 1,519-mile (2,450 km) ALCAN Highway in nine months. Later, in Europe, he commanded the Provisional Engineer Special Brigade Group in the assault on Omaha Beach. He then directed Combat Command B of the 9th Armored Division, in its heroic actions in the Ardennes during the Battle of the Bulge, and in its celebrated capture of the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen. By war's end, Hoge was the Commanding General of the 4th Armored Division.
Post World War IIEdit
During the Korean War, at the request of General Matthew Bunker Ridgway, the U.S. Eighth Army commander, Hoge commanded the IX Corps. Hoge achieved his senior command in the army as C-in-C of United States Army Europe. Hoge was promoted to major general in May 1945, lieutenant general in June 1951 and full general on October 23, 1953.
He retired from active duty in January 1955 to his hometown of Lexington, Missouri, then turned to the private sector as Chairman of the Board of Interlake Steel. Hoge moved to his son's farm in Kansas in October 1975 and he died suddenly on October 29, 1979 at Munson Army Hospital, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
In popular cultureEdit
Awards and decorationsEdit
Hoge Barracks, the transient housing operation at Fort Leavenworth, is named in his honor.
Hugh Joseph Gaffey
| Commanding General 4th Armored Division
March 1945 – June 1945
Bruce C. Clarke
Oliver P. Smith
| Commanding General IX Corps
Willard G. Wyman
| Commanding General Fourth Army
Charles L. Bolte
| Commanding General Seventh Army
April 1953 – September 1953
Charles L. Bolte
| Commanding General United States Army Europe