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William Morgan Butler (January 29, 1861 – March 29, 1937) was a lawyer and legislator for the State of Massachusetts, and a United States Senator.

William M. Butler
Senator Wm. M. Butler of Mass., (11-28-24) LCCN2016849799 (cropped).jpg
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
November 13, 1924 – December 6, 1926
Appointed byChanning H. Cox
Preceded byHenry Cabot Lodge
Succeeded byDavid I. Walsh
Member of the Massachusetts Senate
In office
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
William Morgan Butler

(1861-01-29)January 29, 1861
New Bedford, Massachusetts
DiedMarch 29, 1937(1937-03-29) (aged 76)
Boston, Massachusetts
Political partyRepublican
Alma materBoston University


Butler was born in New Bedford, Massachusetts, where he attended the public school and studied law. He was admitted to the State bar in 1883. After graduating from the law department of Boston University in 1884, he practiced law in New Bedford until 1895. He was a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1890 to 1891, and a member of the Massachusetts Senate from 1892 to 1895, serving as its President in 1894 and 1895.

Butler moved to Boston in 1895, and continued the practice of law until 1912, when he engaged in the manufacture of cotton goods. He was a member of the commission to revise the statutes of Massachusetts from 1896 to 1900, and was chairman of the Republican National Committee from 1924 to 1928.

On November 13, 1924, Butler was appointed as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Henry Cabot Lodge, and served from November 13, 1924, to December 6, 1926, when a successor was elected. His bid for election to fill the vacancy was unsuccessful.

Butler served as chairman of the Committee on Patents in the 69th Congress, and then resumed his manufacturing interests. He thereafter resided in Boston. In 1932, Butler sought to return to the Republican National Committee, but was defeated by John Richardson by a vote of 18 to 15.[1] Butler died on March 29, 1937 and was interred in Forest Hills Cemetery.


  • United States Congress. "William M. Butler (id: B001196)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  1. ^ Hennessy, M. E. (June 14, 1932). "Butler Beaten for Committee". The Boston Daily Globe.

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U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Henry Cabot Lodge
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts
Served alongside: David I. Walsh
Succeeded by
David I. Walsh
Party political offices
Preceded by
John T. Adams
Chairman of the Republican National Committee
Succeeded by
Hubert Work
Preceded by
John W. Weeks
Member of the Republican National Committee from Massachusetts
Succeeded by
Louis K. Liggett
Political offices
Preceded by
Alfred S. Pinkerton
President of the Massachusetts Senate
Succeeded by
George P. Lawrence