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William Lincoln Garver

William Lincoln Garver was an American architect, author, and political candidate from Missouri. He was primarily an architect by trade, and learned while working under architect Morris Frederick Bell. Garver is probably best known for his work of occult fiction, Brother of the Third Degree. He was also a prolific political activist, authoring numerous pamphlets and articles on socialism.[1] His papers are held at Duke University.

William Lincoln Garver
Born(1867-06-05)June 5, 1867
Alma materWestminster College, University of Missouri
OccupationArchitect, author
Years active1890s–1940s
Notable work
Brother of the Third Degree
Political partySocialist Party of America, Socialist Party of Missouri
MovementSocialism, Theosophy

Early lifeEdit

Garver was born in West Virginia, and grew up in Fulton, Missouri. He attended Westminster College, and later attended the University of Missouri. In 1891, he became associated with the Blavatskian school of Theosophy.[2] He spent several years in a utopian commune near Sinola, Mexico. He was also a Freemason.


In Fulton, he met and came to work for architect Morris Frederick Bell. He was the assistant architect and superintendent of construction for David R. Francis Quadrangle and Jesse Hall on the University of Missouri campus.[3] Garver designed schools, civil buildings, homes, and business buildings around Missouri, eventually moving to Chillicothe.

Written worksEdit

His longest and most popular work, Brother of the Third Degree, was first published in 1894, and later translated and published in several languages. His advocacy of socialism included articles such as "Free Socialism", "Socialism in Brief", and "Abolish Rent".[4][failed verification] He was also an advocate of free public higher education.


  1. ^ Cracraft, E. Scott. "Show Me Socialists: Missouri's Early Radical Heritage, 1861–1920". Southeast Missouri State University Press. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  2. ^ Herringshaw, Thomas William. Herringshaw's American Blue Book of Biography (PDF). p. 411.
  3. ^ Curators of the University of Missouri. "New Statue and Award Announced at the University of Missouri". Office of Undergraduate Studies at the University of Missouri. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  4. ^ Free Socialism