William Leete

William Leete (1612 or 1613 – 16 April 1683) was Governor of the Colony of New Haven from 1661 to 1665 and Governor of the Colony of Connecticut from 1676 to 1683.

William Leete
Deputy Governor
In office
1658–1661
Governor
In office
1661–1664
21st Lieutenant Governor Connecticut
In office
1669–1676
22nd Governor Colony of Connecticut
In office
1676–1683
Preceded byJohn Winthrop the Younger
Succeeded byRobert Treat
Personal details
Bornabout March 1612
Doddington, Huntingdonshire, England
DiedApril 16, 1683
Spouse(s)Anna Payne Leete

Sarah Rutherford Leete

Mary Newman Street Leete
ChildrenJohn Leete

Andrew Leete

William Leete

Abigail Leete Woodbridge

Caleb Leete

Gratiana Leete

Peregrine Leete

Joshua Leete

Anna Leete Trowbridge

BiographyEdit

Leete was born about 1612 or 1613 at Diddington, Huntingdonshire, England,[1] the son of John Leete and his wife Anna Shute, daughter of Robert Shute,[2] a justice of the King's Court. He was educated as a lawyer, and served as a clerk in Bishop's Court at Cambridge, England. He married three times. His first wife, and mother of all ten of his known children, was Anna Payne, daughter of Reverend John Payne of Southoe. They married on August 1, 1636, and she died on September 1, 1668.[3] His second wife, whom he married on April 7, 1670, was Sarah, widow of Henry Rutherford. She died on February 10, 1673.[3] His third wife was Mary, widow successively of Francis Newman and Reverend Nicholas Street. She died on December 13, 1683.[2][3]

Leete's distaste for the oppression of the Puritans by that court was a key factor in his emigration to Connecticut. On 1 June 1639, William Leete was among the 25 signers of the Plantation Covenant on shipboard.[4][5]

CareerEdit

Leete was town clerk of Guilford, Connecticut from 1639 to 1662, and Justice of the Peace there in 1642. He served as town magistrate at Guilford from 1651 to 1658, and as deputy from Guilford to the New Haven Colony General Court from 1643 to 1649. He was Commissioner of New Haven Colony (1655-1658), Deputy Governor (1658-1661) and Governor of the New Haven Colony from 1661 to 1664. After the consolidation of New Haven Colony and the Colony of Connecticut, he became Governor of the Colony of Connecticut from 1676 to 1683. He is the only man to serve as governor of both New Haven and Connecticut.[3]

Leete is remembered for sheltering the Regicides William Goffe and Edward Whalley in Guilford. The two former English judges were being sought by King Charles II for signing the death warrant of his father, Charles I. On Saturday, May 11, 1661, two Royalists arrived in Guilford, armed with an order from the King to seize Goffe and Whalley, and meet with Leete, then the Deputy Governor of the New Haven Colony. They presented the King's order to Leete, who read it out loud in the presence of several local citizens in a way that publicly revealed the purpose of their visit. After first claiming that he could not permit a search in New Haven without first consulting with the colony's magistrates, Leete then agreed to furnish fresh horses to the men to resume their travels immediately. However, he delayed the production of the horses until it was too late in the afternoon for the pursuers to depart that day. With the Sabbath beginning at sundown, the pursuers were unable to leave Guilford until the following Monday. Meanwhile, advance notice of the pursuers' intentions were sent ahead to New Haven and the judges went into hiding on Saturday and safely evaded capture.[3][6]

Death and legacyEdit

Leete moved from Guilford to Hartford, Connecticut died there in April 1683. He is interred there in Hartford's Ancient Burying Ground.[7] His third wife survived him for several months, dying on 13 December 1683. Leete's Island in Branford/Guilford is named for him.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Leete genealogist: Diddington today, several versions of Doddington in the past, but definitely in Huntingdonshire by logic alone; not in Doddington, Cambridgeshire
  2. ^ a b The Family of William Leete: One of the first settlers of Guilford, Connecticut. New Haven, CT: Tuttle, Morehouse, and Taylor. 1884. Retrieved 8 August 2015. William Leete , connecticut.
  3. ^ a b c d e "William Leete". Connecticut State Library. September 1999. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
  4. ^ The covenant read as follows: We whose names are herein written, intending by God's gracious permission, to plant ourselves in New England, and if it may be in the southerly part, about Quinpisac [that is, Quinnipiac, later renamed New Haven], we do faithfully promise each for ourselves and families and those that belong to us, that we will, the Lord assisting us, sit down and join ourselves together in one entire plantation and to be helpful to the other in any common work, according to every man's ability and as need shall require, and we promise not to desert or leave each other on the plantation but with the consent of the rest, or the greater part of the company, who have entered into this engagement.
    As for our gathering together into a church way and the choice officers and members to be joined together in that way, we do refer ourselves until such time as it shall please God to settle us in our plantation.
    In witness whereof we subscribe our hands, this first day of June 1639
  5. ^ Leete, Joseph; Anderson, John (1906). "William Leete". The family of Leete. Blades, East & Blades, Printers. pp. 161–177.
  6. ^ Winston, Alexander (December 1964). "The Hunt For The Regicides". American Heritage. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  7. ^ "William Leete". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 20 January 2013.

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit


Political offices
Preceded by
Francis Newman
Governor of the New Haven Colony
1661–65
Colony merged with the Connecticut Colony
Preceded by
John Winthrop the Younger
Governor of the Connecticut Colony
1676–83
Succeeded by
Robert Treat