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William Joseph Kennedy (born January 16, 1928) is an American writer and journalist who won the 1984 Pulitzer Prize for his novel Ironweed.

William Kennedy
BornWilliam Joseph Kennedy
(1928-01-16) January 16, 1928 (age 91)
Albany, New York, U.S.
OccupationAuthor, journalist, historian
ResidenceAverill Park, New York, U.S.
Alma materSiena College
Period1955 – present
GenreFiction, History, Supernatural
Notable worksLegs, Billy Phelan's Greatest Game, Ironweed
Notable awardsPulitzer Prize for Fiction (1984), Peggy V. Helmerich Distinguished Author Award (2001)
Ana Segarra (m. 1957)

Many of his novels feature the interactions of members of the fictional Irish-American Phelan family in Albany, New York. The novels make use of incidents from the city's history as well as the supernatural. Kennedy's works include The Ink Truck (1969), Legs (1975), Billy Phelan's Greatest Game (1978), Ironweed (1983), Roscoe (2002) and Changó's Beads and Two-Tone Shoes (2011). One reviewer said of Changó's Beads and Two-Tone Shoes that it was "written with such brio and encompassing humanity that it may well deserve to be called the best of the bunch".[1]

He has also published a nonfictional account of Albany, entitled O Albany! (1983).


Early lifeEdit

Kennedy was born and raised in Albany, New York, the son of William J. Kennedy and Mary E. McDonald. Kennedy was raised a Catholic, and grew up in the North Albany neighborhood. He attended Public School 20 and Christian Brothers Academy. Kennedy studied at Siena College in Loudonville, New York, from which he graduated in 1949.


Kennedy served in the US Army before entering the journalism trade of his native Albany.[2] Kennedy relocated to Puerto Rico in 1956 and became managing editor of the San Juan Star, a new English language newspaper.[2] While living in San Juan, he befriended the journalist and author Hunter S. Thompson, a friendship that continued throughout their careers.[2]

While in Puerto Rico Kennedy also met his mentor, Saul Bellow, who encouraged him to write novels.

Kennedy, who had been eager to leave Albany, returned to his hometown and worked for the Albany newspaper the Times Union as an investigative journalist, writing stories exposing activities of Daniel P. O'Connell and his political cronies of the dominant Democratic Party. His use of Albany as the setting for eight of his novels was described in 2011 by book critic Jonathan Yardley as painting "a portrait of a single city perhaps unique in American fiction".[3]


Kennedy received the 1984 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for his novel Ironweed.

In 2001, he received the Peggy V. Helmerich Distinguished Author Award from the Tulsa Library Trust.

William Kennedy received the Fitzgerald Award for Achievement in American Literature award in 2007, which is given annually in Rockville, Maryland where F. Scott Fitzgerald, his wife, and his daughter are buried.

Personal lifeEdit

In Puerto Rico, Kennedy met and married Daisy (Dana) Sosa. They have three children.[4] Kennedy resides in Averill Park, New York, a hamlet about 16 miles east of Albany.



The Albany CycleEdit

  • Legs. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1975.
  • Billy Phelan's Greatest Game. New York: Viking Press, 1978.
  • Ironweed. New York: Viking Press, 1983.
  • Quinn's Book. New York: Viking Press, 1988.
  • Very Old Bones. New York: Viking Press, 1992.
  • The Flaming Corsage. New York: Viking Press, 1996.
  • Roscoe. New York: Viking Press, 2002.
  • Changó's Beads and Two-Tone Shoes. New York: Viking Adult, 2012.[5]


  • O Albany!: Improbable City of Political Wizards, Fearless Ethnics, Spectacular Aristocrats, Splendid Nobodies, and Underrated Scoundrels. New York: Viking Press, 1983.
  • The Making of Ironweed. New York: Viking Penguin, 1988.
  • Riding the Yellow Trolley Car. New York: Viking Press, 1993.



  • Grand View. Premiered at Capital Repertory Theatre, Albany, New York, 1996.
  • In the System. HumaniTech* Short Play Project Premiere, University at Albany, March 2003.

Children's booksEdit

  • Charlie Malarkey and the Belly Button Machine (co-authored with Brendan Kennedy). New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1986.
  • Charlie Malarkey and the Singing Moose (co-authored with Brendan Kennedy). New York: Viking Children's Books, 1994.


  • Flanagan, Thomas. O Albany!. New York Review of Books. April 25, 2002
  • Giamo, Benedict F. The Homeless of Ironweed: Blossoms on the Crag. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1997.
  • Gillespie, Michael Patrick. Reading William Kennedy. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
  • Lynch, Vivian Valvano. Portraits of Artists: Warriors in the Novels of William Kennedy. Bethesda: International Scholars Publications, 1999.
  • Mallon, Thomas. William Kennedy's Greatest Game. The Atlantic Monthly. February 2002.
  • Seshachari, Neila C. Courtesans, Stars, Wives, & Vixens: The Many Faces of Female Power in Kennedy's Novels, AWP Conference, Albany, NY. April 17, 1999.
  • Marowski, Daniel G. and Matur, Roger, editors. "William Kennedy." Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol. 53, Detroit: Gale Research, 1989, pp. 189–201.
  • Michener, Christian. From Then into Now: William Kennedy's Albany Novels. University of Scranton Press, 1998.
  • Reilly, Edward C. Twayne's United States Authors Series: William Kennedy. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1991.
  • Van Dover, J. K. Understanding William Kennedy. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1991.
  • Seshachari, Neila C., editor. Conversations with William Kennedy. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1997.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Sacks, Sam (October 1, 2011). "Corruption on the Hudson". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c Jann Wenner; Corey Seymour (September 4, 2008). Gonzo: The Life Of Hunter S. Thompson. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 978-0-7481-0849-7.
  3. ^ Yardley, Jonathan (September 30, 2011). "'Changó's Beads and Two-Tone Shoes' by William Kennedy". Washington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  4. ^ "William Kennedy, Professor [bio]". College of Arts and Sciences. University at Albany, State University of New York. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  5. ^ Zachary Houle (January 1, 2013). "¡Viva la Revolución(s)! 'Changó's Beads and Two-Tone Shoes'". PopMatters.

External linksEdit