William Jones (judge)
Sir William Jones in a 1675 engraving by William Sherwin
|Member of the 1597, 1604 and 1614 Parliament|
|Member of the 1601 Parliament|
|Died||9 December 1640|
From a family settled in North Wales, he was eldest son of William Jones of Castellmarch, Carnarvonshire, by Margaret, daughter of Humphry Wynn ap Meredith of Hyssoilfarch. Educated at first at Beaumaris free school, he went at the age of fourteen to St. Edmund's Hall, Oxford, where he did not graduate. 
He entered Furnival's Inn five years later, was admitted a member of Lincoln's Inn on 5 July 1587, and called to the bar there on 28 January 1595. He was Lent reader of the inn in 1616 and was made a serjeant and knight on 14 March 1617; on 13 May of the same year he was appointed Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench for Ireland, in succession to Sir John Denham, who had been transferred to the English court of exchequer. While the Irish chancellorship was vacant he was a commissioner of the great seal. 
In 1620, he resigned his judgeship, and returned to the English bar. His name occurs in his own and in George Croke's ‘Reports’ from Michaelmas 1620 to Michaelmas 1621. On 25 September 1621, he was appointed a judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and on 20 March 1622 was selected as a member of a commission to go to Ireland. He complained to Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex that the commissioners refused to recognise him as a judge, or entitled to any precedence on the commission, and that he was placed junior on it. While in Ireland, upon the complaint of the general body of suitors, he revised the scale of costs in the Dublin courts. He remained a member of the Irish commission at any rate till November 1623. 
On 6 August 1623, he was appointed a member of the Council of Wales, in January of the following year was a member of another Irish commission, and on 17 October 1624 was transferred from the Common Pleas to the Court of King's Bench. As a member of the Star Chamber he appears to have been in favour of leniency, at least in the cases of Baron Morley and Sir Henry Mayne; but in 1627 he was one of the judges who refused to admit Sir John Eliot and his companions to bail (28 November). He was one of the judges who tried Eliot, Denzil Holles and Benjamin Valentine in 1630, and he delivered the judgment of the court. 
Thomas Hearne in his Curious Discourses prints a paper by Jones on the early Britons, read before the Society of Antiquaries in Elizabeth I's reign, and calls him a person of learning in British antiquities. Jones's ‘Reports of Cases from 18 James I to 15 Charles I’ appeared in 1675.
He married in 1587 Margaret, eldest daughter of Griffith ap John Griffith of Kevenamulch, Carnarvonshire and secondly, Catherine, daughter of Thomas Powys of Abingdon, Oxfordshire, widow of Dr. Robert Hovenden.  His sons Charles reader at Lincoln's Inn, and William were also MPs.
- Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. onepage&q&f=, false 144, 154, 165, 175, 201.
- Hamilton 1892.
- Brooks, Christopher W. "Jones, Sir William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15102.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Though Haydn's Book of Dignities gives the beginning of his successor's tenure in 1619
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Hamilton, John Andrew (1892). "Jones, William (1566-1640)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 30. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
|Parliament of England|
| MP for Beaumaris
| MP for Beaumaris
| Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
Sir George Shurley, or Shirley