William II, Count of Hainaut

William II (1307 – 26 September 1345) was Count of Hainaut from 1337 until his death. He was also Count of Holland (as William IV) and Count of Zeeland. He succeeded his father, Count William I of Hainaut. While away fighting in Prussia, the Frisians revolted. William returned home and was killed at the Battle of Warns.

William II
Holland, 1/4 groat, struck in Geertruidenberg by William IV as Count of Holland.
Died(1345-09-26)26 September 1345
Warns, near Stavoren
Noble familyHouse of Avesnes
Spouse(s)Joanna, Duchess of Brabant
FatherWilliam I, Count of Hainaut
MotherJoan of Valois

Life Edit

William was born in 1307, the son of William I of Hainaut and Joan of Valois.[1]

In 1334, he married Joanna, Duchess of Brabant, the daughter and heiress of John III, Duke of Brabant, but had no issue.[2]

He fought in France as an ally of the English (He was the brother-in-law of King Edward III of England.) In 1339, William participated in the Siege of Cambrai (1339).[3] In 1345, two months before he died, he besieged and took Utrecht, because the bishop, John van Arkel, was trying to regain the bishopric's historical independence from Holland.

William fought against the Saracens,[citation needed] and went on crusade with the Teutonic Order in Prussia.[4] He was killed near Stavoren, during one of the battles of Warns against the Frisians in 1345.[5]

William was succeeded by his sister, Margaret of Hainaut, who was married to Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor.Hainaut, Holland and Zeeland became a part of the imperial crown domains.

References Edit

  1. ^ Courtenay 2020, p. 28-29.
  2. ^ Vale 2002, p. 7, 194-195.
  3. ^ Rosenwein 2018, p. 470.
  4. ^ Boffa 2010, p. 542.
  5. ^ Vale 2002, p. 7.

Sources Edit

  • Boffa, Sergio (2010). "Low Countries (Narrative 1300-1479)". In Rogers, Clifford J. (ed.). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology. Vol. 2. Oxford University Press. p. 531-552.
  • Courtenay, William J. (2020). "King's Hall and Michaelhouse in the Context of Fourteenth-Century Cambridge". In Marenbon, John (ed.). King's Hall, Cambridge and the Fourteenth-Century Universities: New Perspectives. Brill.
  • Rosenwein, Barbara H. (2018). Reading the Middle Ages. Vol. II: From C. 900 to C. 1500. University of Toronto Press.
  • Vale, Malcolm (2002). The Princely Court: Medieval Courts and Culture in North-West Europe, 1270-1380. Oxford University Press.

See also Edit

William II, Count of Hainaut
Born: 1307 Died: 26 September 1345
Preceded by Count of Hainaut
Succeeded by
Count of Holland and Zeeland