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General Sir William Gordon Cameron GCB (Chinese Translated Name: 金馬倫) (16 October 1827 – 2 March 1913) was a British soldier and colonial administrator.

Sir William Gordon Cameron
William Gordon Cameron.jpg
Born 16 October 1827
Kingdom of France
Died 2 March 1913 (aged 85)
Christchurch, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1844–1896
Rank General
Commands held Northern District
Commander of British Troops in China, Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements
Cape Colony
Battles/wars Crimean War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Relations Helen Colebrook Mary Cameron (wife)


Military careerEdit

William Gordon Cameron was commissioned into the 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot in 1844.[1][2] He transferred to the Grenadier Guards in 1847.[1] In 1853 he was deployed to the Crimean War and took part in the Battle of Alma.[1] He was appointed Commanding Officer of 3rd Regiment of the British German Legion in 1855.[1]

In 1867 he became Commanding Officer of 1st Bn 4th King's Own Royal Regiment and led the capture of Magdala in Ethiopia.[1]

In 1875, he became commander of a Brigade at Gibraltar and in 1875 of a Brigade at Aldershot.[1] In April 1881 he was appointed General Officer Commanding Northern District.[1] Then in 1884 he became Commander of British Troops in China, Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements.[1] He governed Hong Kong in a period between April 1887 to October 1887.[3]

He was appointed Honorary Colonel of the 5th (West Middlesex) Middlesex Rifle Volunteer Corps in 1880.[4]

From January 1891 to December 1892 and then again in May to July 1894 he was Administrator of the Cape Colony.[5] He retired in 1895.[1]


Gen. Sir William Gordon Cameron GCB was the son of Lt.-Col. William Gordon Cameron J.P. (1790-1856) and his wife Caroline née Edwards (1801-1872).

He married Helen Colebrooke Mary daughter of Gen.Sir John Hunter Littler KCB., GCB on the 20th of Jan. 1857 in Church of the Holy Trinity, Buckfastleigh, Devon, England.


Several places in Hong Kong were named after Cameron: Cameron Road and Cameron Lane in Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, as well as Mount Cameron and Mount Cameron Road.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i DNW Medal Auction
  2. ^ "King's Own Museum". 
  3. ^ Legislative Council Order No.38
  4. ^ Army Lost.
  5. ^ Cape Colony
  6. ^ Yanne, Andrew; Heller, Gillis (2009). Signs of a Colonial Era. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 56–57. ISBN 9789622099449. 
Military offices
Preceded by
George Willis
GOC Northern District
Succeeded by
Frederick Willis
Preceded by
John Sargent
Commander of British Troops in China, Hong Kong
and the Straits Settlements

Succeeded by
Sir James Edwards
Government offices
Preceded by
Acting Administrator William H. Marsh
Administrator of Hong Kong
April–October 1887
Succeeded by
Sir William Des Vœux