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William Gordon Bowen (/ˈbən/; October 6, 1933 – October 20, 2016)[1] was President Emeritus of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation where he served as President from 1988 to 2006.[2] He was the president of Princeton University from 1972 to 1988.

William G. Bowen
William G. Bowen.jpg
17th President of Princeton University
In office
1972–1988
Preceded byRobert F. Goheen
Succeeded byHarold T. Shapiro
Personal details
Born(1933-10-06)October 6, 1933
Cincinnati, Ohio
DiedOctober 20, 2016(2016-10-20) (aged 83)
Princeton, New Jersey
Spouse(s)Mary Ellen Bowen
Children2
EducationDenison University (BA) Princeton University (PhD)

Contents

Early lifeEdit

William Bowen was born on October 6, 1933 in Cincinnati, Ohio. He was the son of Albert and Bernice Bowen. Albert Bowen was a calculator salesman and Bernice Bowen worked as a dorm mother at the University of Cincinnati.[3][4] Bowen graduated from Wyoming High School. He attended Denison University, where he played championship tennis and was initiated into the Sigma Chi fraternity. He graduated from Denison in 1955 and from Princeton University in 1958, where he earned a PhD.

CareerEdit

Bowen joined the Princeton faculty in 1958, specializing in labor economics. In 1967 he became the university's provost, and served as the seventeenth president of the university from 1972 to 1988. In 1988, Bowen left Princeton to become president of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, where he created a research program to investigate doctoral education, collegiate admissions, independent research libraries, and charitable nonprofits in order to ensure that the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation's grants would be well-informed and more effective.

William Bowen was also partially responsible for JSTOR,[5] the Mellon International Dunhuang Archive, ARTstor, and Ithaka Harbors, Inc..

Bowen authored 19 books, including the Grawemeyer Award-winning The Shape of the River: Long-Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions (co-authored with Derek Bok). One of his books, Equity and Excellence in American Higher Education (2005), was coauthored with Eugene M. Tobin and Martin A. Kurzweil. Bowen's study of graduation rates at public universities in the United States culminated in the book Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America's Public Universities[6] that was coauthored with Matthew M. Chingos and Michael S. McPherson.

Duke University President Richard H. Brodhead appointed him and Julius L. Chambers to evaluate the performance of Duke University's administration in handling the 2006 lacrosse team case.

Bowen died on October 20, 2016, fourteen days after his 83rd birthday, in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. He is buried in the Presidents' Plot at the Princeton Cemetery.

Positions heldEdit

Awards and recognitionEdit

In 2013, he received a 2012 National Humanities Medal from President Barack Obama.[7][8]

In 2008, he received the José Vasconcelos World Award of Education for his lifetime's work creating educational opportunities.[9]

In 2001, he received the University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for his book written with Derek Bok, The Shape of the River: Long-Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions.[10]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "William G. Bowen, 17th president of Princeton University, dies at age 83". Princeton University. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  2. ^ "The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation". The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  3. ^ Roberts, Sam (22 October 2016). "William G. Bowen, Princeton Educator Who Championed Poor and Minority Students, Dies at 83". The New York Times. p. A21. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Ever the Teacher". Princeton Alumni Weekly. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  5. ^ "JSTOR About us". JSTOR. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  6. ^ Bowen, W.G. and Chingos, M.M., McPherson, M.S.: Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America's Public Universities
  7. ^ President Obama to Award 2012 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Whitehouse.gov, retrieved 30 June 2013
  8. ^ Princeton University - Former Princeton President Bowen awarded National Humanities Medal
  9. ^ "José Vasconcelos World Award of Education 2008". Archived from the original on May 5, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  10. ^ "2001 - William G. Bowen and Derek Bok". grawemeyer.org. The Grawemeyer Awards. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
Academic offices
Preceded by
Robert F. Goheen
President of Princeton University
1972–1988
Succeeded by
Harold T. Shapiro
Preceded by
John Edward Sawyer
President of Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
1988–2006
Succeeded by
Don Michael Randel