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William Andrew Christenberry Jr. (November 5, 1936 – November 28, 2016) was a photographer, painter, and sculptor who worked with personal and somewhat mythical themes growing out of his childhood experiences in Hale County, Alabama.
|Born||William Andrew Christenberry Jr.
November 5, 1936
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||November 28, 2016
|Known for||Photographer, Painter, Sculptor|
Christenberry received his bachelor's (1958) and master's (1959) degrees in fine arts from the University of Alabama, studying under abstract expressionist Melville Price. Beginning in 1968 he taught at the Corcoran College of Art and Design in Washington, D.C.
His artistic career began with the painting of large abstract-expressionist canvasses, but gradually he began to be drawn to material that spoke about the place of his childhood. Although he was raised in Tuscaloosa, Christenberry spent his summers with extended family in rural Hale County. After graduating from the University of Alabama and beginning a promising, if not immediately rewarding, artistic career in New York City, he came across the 1941 book, Let Us Now Praise Famous Men, in which James Agee describes in prose, and Walker Evans in photographs, the experience of living among the dirt-poor farming families of Hale County during the Great Depression. Some of Evans's photographs made a deep impression on Christenberry.
Shortly after beginning a professorship at Corcoran College, Christenberry began making annual visits to Hale County during the summer to visit family and to explore and make photographs. Originally these all were made with a Kodak Brownie camera given to him as a child, but he later moved to a large format view camera in order to capture more detail. On one occasion in 1973, Walker Evans, who had encouraged Christenberry to take his photographs seriously, accompanied him. This was Evans's first and only return to Hale County since 1936.
One of the results of this pilgrimage was a series of photographs documenting the decay of individual structures, which are photographed as nearly isolated objects. In 1974, Christenberry began translating some of these photographed buildings into detailed sculptures that accurately reproduce their state of decay and patina. Although detailed and properly proportioned, Christenberry did not refer to these creations as models, as he says they are not based on precise measurements, and he preferred that they be called sculptures. The bases for these sculptures often are set in soil taken from these places. On many of these trips, Christenberry collected old advertising signs and other found objects which inspired him. Some of these are incorporated into his work, while others hang in his studio.
Another series of works was provoked by an incident when, out of curiosity, he tried to attend a meeting of the Ku Klux Klan. Confronted at the door by a glaring masked figure, Christenberry fled. Although he destroyed his first two Klan paintings, the subject occupied him for many years, resulting in a dense multi-media construction adjacent to his studio that came to be known as the "Klan Room," which was burgled mysteriously in 1979. Christenberry largely reconstructed the room, which is filled with paintings, found objects, drawings, sculptures, dioramas, and a series of fabric dolls of Klansmen in their hooded robes.
Though known more as a photographer and multi-media artist than as a painter, Christenberry taught painting. His work has been exhibited in solo and group shows around the world and is the subject of several monographs.
- Rencontres de la Photographie, Arles, France, 1977
- Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts, Montgomery, Alabama. January 15 - March 27, 2005
- Passing Time: The Art of William Christenberry, Smithsonian American Art Museum, 2006
- Site/Possession, University of Virginia Art Museum, 2007
- Columbus Museum of Art, January 16 - May 10, 2009
- Artspace at Untitled, Oklahoma City, OK, April 9 - June 26, 2010
- Southern Dialogue, Feroz Galerie, Bonn Germany, May 17 - July 19, 2013
- Fundación Mapfre, Madrid, September 25 - November 24, 2013.
- Christenberry: In Alabama, Mobile Museum of Art, Mobile, Alabama, March 10 - June 4, 2017
- William Christenberry, Walter Hopps, Andy Grundberg, William Christenberry, Elizabeth Broun (Foreword), Howard N. Fox (Editor) (Aperture, 2006)
- "William Christenberry" Susanne Lange, (Düsseldorf: Richter Verlag, 2002)
- Christenberry, William, and Susanne Lange (ed.) (2008). William Christenberry: Working From Memory. London: Steidl.
- Evans, Walker, and William Christenberry (1990). Of Time and Place: Walker Evans and William Christenberry. Carmel, CA: Friends of Photography.
- Christenberry, William (September 28, 2007). Place, Time, and Memory. Southern Spaces
- Gopnik, Blake (2010-02-14). "William Christenberry's Kodak Brownie snapshots capture reality of South". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-03-26.
- Tucker, Neely (2015-06-05). "After a lifetime of capturing what was, Christenberry faces what is". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-03-26.
- Elena Vozmediano: William Christenberry, el Sur en Kodachrome, El Cultural, 18 Oc 2013.
- Klan Tableau, – A film documenting Christenberry's Klan Tableau in Washington, D.C. Includes an interview with Christenberry.
- Christenberry page at the Alabama Arts Council
- Christenberry at About.com
- "William Christenberry", Pace/MacGill Gallery
- Audio commentary by Christenberry, December 2006
- Hale, Grace Elizabeth. "Wounds, Vines, Scratches, and Names: Signs of Return in Southern Photography" – A review of the University of Virginia Art Museum's exhibit "Southern Views/Southern Photographers," which includes work by Christenberry. Southern Spaces, 23 February 2011
- "William Christenberry: Working From Memory", by Liz Jobey, The Guardian, November 20, 2008
- "Place, Time, and Memory: William Christenberry", Southern Spaces, 28 September 2007
- Sprott Church, Sprott, Alabama at Birmingham Museum of Art