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William Cornelius Dixon (July 1, 1904 – January 10, 1997) was an American government antitrust lawyer who had a two-month term as a Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court in 1938.

William Cornelius Dixon
Associate Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court
In office
November 8, 1938 – January 1, 1939
Preceded byRobert N. Gorman
Succeeded byWilliam L. Hart
Personal details
Born(1904-07-01)July 1, 1904
Dexter, New York
DiedJanuary 10, 1997(1997-01-10) (aged 92)
San Diego, California
Resting placeWhitehaven Park, Cleveland, Ohio
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Arvilla Pratt
Alma mater


William Dixon was born July 1, 1904 in Dexter, New York to Frank W. and Celia Potter Dixon. He received a bachelor's degree in 1926 and juris doctor in 1928 from the University of Michigan.[1] He was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1928, working as an associate at Holiday, Grossman and McAfee in Cleveland from 1928 to 1932. He was assistant law director for Cleveland 1932-1933, then returned to private practice. He was unsuccessful as Democratic nominee for Ohio's 22nd congressional district in 1934.[1]

Governor Martin L. Davey appointed Dixon to head the Relief Commission for Ohio under the Emergency Relief Act in 1938. He won election November 8 of that year to the unexpired term on the Ohio Supreme Court of Thomas A. Jones, who had died. His term ended January 1, 1939, and he wrote only one opinion during his two months on the court.[1]

From 1939 to 1944, Dixon returned to private practice in Cleveland. From 1944 to 1954 he was special assistant to the Attorney General in the Antitrust Division of the U. S. Department of Justice, serving as chief assistant in the trial section of the antitrust division in 1945, chief of the West Coast offices in 1946, and chief of the Los Angeles office in 1948. He was admitted to the California bar, and to practice before the United States Supreme Court.[1] He also served as legal advisor and member of the Joint War and State Departments Mission on Japanese Combines, aka the Zaibatsu mission, in 1946. He returned to private practice in 1954 in Los Angeles, and was assistant Attorney General for antitrust enforcement in California from 1959 to 1963.[1]

Dixon died January 10, 1997 in San Diego, California and is interred at Whitehaven Park in Cleveland. He married Arvilla Pratt in 1934, and had two children.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "William Cornelius Dixon". The Supreme Court of Ohio & The Ohio Judicial System. Retrieved 2013-07-09.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Florence E. Allen
Democratic Party nominee for Ohio's 22nd congressional district
Succeeded by
Anthony A. Fleger