William Buckland (architect)

William Buckland (1734–1774) was a British architect who designed in colonial Maryland and Virginia.

William Buckland
William Buckland by Charles Willson Peale - 2.jpg
Charles Willson Peale portrait of William Buckland
Born(1734-08-14)August 14, 1734
Died1774 (about 40 years old)
Notable work
Gunston Hall
Hammond-Harwood House
Spouse(s)Mary Moore


Born at Oxford, England, Buckland spent seven years as an apprentice to his uncle, James Buckland, "Citizen and Joiner" of London. At 21, he was brought to Virginia as an indentured servant to Thomas Mason, brother of George Mason.[1] Most notable among his repertoire are: Gunston Hall (c. 1755-1759) and Hammond-Harwood House (c. 1774).

Buckland married Mary Moore, the daughter of plantation owner William Moore, around 1758 or 1759. The two had four children, two boys and two girls.[2]


He is known to have worked on the architecture or interiors of:[3]

Other works sometimes attributed to Buckland include:


  1. ^ Kimball, Fiske. "Gunston Hall." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians: 1954.
  2. ^ Brand, Barbara Allston. "Buckland, William (1734–by December 15, 1774)". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  3. ^ Kornwolf, James D. Architecture and Town Planning in Colonial North America. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002, vol. 3, p. 1562.
  4. ^ a b c d "Gunston Hall Plantation". William Buckland: Master Builder. Gunston Hall Plantation. 2008-06-11.
  5. ^ a b "Maryland Historical Trust". National Register of Historic Places: Properties in Anne Arundel County. Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-06-11.

External linksEdit