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William Brace (23 September 1865 – 12 October 1947) was a Welsh trade unionist and Liberal and Labour politician.[1][2]

William Brace
1906 William Brace.jpg
Brace in 1906
President of the South Wales Miners Federation
In office
1912–1915
Preceded byWilliam Abraham
Succeeded byJames Winstone
Personal details
Born23 September 1865
Died12 October 1947 (aged 82)

Contents

Early life and careerEdit

Born in Risca, in the coal-mining district of Monmouthshire, he was one of six children of Thomas and Anne Brace.[2] Brace briefly attended school before starting work at the local colliery, aged 12. He later worked at Celynnen and Abercarn collieries He soon involved himself in trade union activities and politics and in 1890 was elected the local agent for the South Wales Miners Association. He was also elected to Monmouthshire County Council.[1]

Trade Union careerEdit

Brace was an early advocate of a single union for all of Britain's colliers, an issue in which he clashed with William Abraham (Mabon). Following the Welsh coal strike of 1898 the Miners' Association became part of the new South Wales Miners' Federation, and Brace was elected its first vice-president. He was later to the union's president from 1912 to 1915.[1]

Parliamentary careerEdit

During the early years of the twentieth century, there was considerable debate within Welsh Liberal Party circles around the selection of working men as Liberal candidates. This had intensified after the election Keir Hardie as the first independent Welsh Labour MP in 1900. Hardie made outspken attacks on nonconformity and the Liberal establishment and this made even moderate labour leaders such as Mabon appear suspect in the eyes of local Liberal associations. [3] In 1903, Brace presented his name for the South Glamorganshire constituency, held since 1895 by a Conservative landowner. Only after considerable pressure from the Liberal chief whip, Herbert Gladstone, did the Liberal Association in the constituency agree to adopt Brace as their candidate. [3]

At the 1906 general election he was elected as a Liberal-Labour member of parliament for South Glamorganshire, holding the seat at the next two general elections. He continued taking the Liberal whip for some years, despite the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, which sponsored him, having affiliated to the Labour Party in 1909.[4] During the First World War he held the post of Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department in Lloyd George Coalition Government. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1916. When the South Glamorganshire seat was abolished at the 1918 general election, he was elected unopposed to represent the new Abertillery seat, this time as Labour Party MP.

Later lifeEdit

He resigned from the House of Commons in 1920 in the wake of a bitter dispute within the miners' unions. Brace was criticised over his failure to support the "Datum Line" strike while he was equally critical of the "wild" union leaders who were determined to bring about conflict in the coalfields.[1][2][5] He decided he could better serve the interests of the coal miners by taking up the position of Labour Advisor to the Ministry of Mines.[1]

His brother George Brace borrowed money from him and other family members to form Brace's Bakery.[citation needed]

Brace married Nellie Humphreys in 1890. The couple had had two sons and a daughter. The younger son, Ivor Llewellyn Brace, became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Sarawak, North Borneo and Brunei.[2]

William Brace died after a long illness at his home in Allt-yr-yn, Newport in October 1947 aged 82.[1][2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Obituary: Mr. William Brace. Service In South Wales Coalfield". The Times. 14 October 1947. p. 6.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Brace, William (1865–1947), trade unionist". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/47328. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. ^ a b Morgan 1981, pp. 54-5.
  4. ^ John Williams, ‘Brace, William (1865–1947)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2011 accessed 28 Feb 2014
  5. ^ "1,000,000 Miners Strike in England" (PDF). New York Times. 16 October 1920. Retrieved 1 August 2011.

SourcesEdit

Books and JournalsEdit

ImagesEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Windham Wyndham-Quin
Member of Parliament for South Glamorganshire
19061918
Succeeded by
(constituency abolished)
Preceded by
(new constituency)
Member of Parliament for Abertillery
19181920
Succeeded by
George Barker
Trade union offices
Preceded by
J. R. Clynes and Alfred Henry Gill
Trades Union Congress representative to the American Federation of Labour
1910
With: Ben Turner
Succeeded by
James Crinion and George Henry Roberts
Preceded by
New position
Vice-President of the South Wales Miners Federation
1898–1912
Succeeded by
James Winstone
Preceded by
William Abraham
President of the South Wales Miners Federation
1912–1915
Succeeded by
James Winstone