|Died||2 February 1793 (aged 61–62)|
|Resting place||St. Anne's Church, Kew, England|
|Known for||Director of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew|
|Children||William Townsend Aiton|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Aiton|
Aiton was born near Hamilton. Having been regularly trained to the profession of a gardener, he travelled to London in 1754, and became assistant to Philip Miller, then superintendent of the Chelsea Physic Garden. In 1759 he was appointed director of the newly established botanical garden at Kew, where he remained until his death. He effected many improvements at the gardens, and in 1789 he published Hortus Kewensis, a catalogue of the plants cultivated there. He is buried at nearby St. Anne's Church, Kew.
In 1789, he classified the Sampaguita plant to the Jasminium genus and also named it as Arabian Jasmine because it was believed that the plant originated from The Arabian Peninsula although the plant didn't originate from Arabia.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Aiton, William". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 448. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the
- Aiton 1789.
- Nisinger, Connie (31 October 2001). "William Aiton". Find a Grave. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- Eggli, Urs; Newton, Leonard E. (2004). Etymological Dictionary of Succulent Plant Names. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. p. 4. ISBN 978-3-540-00489-9. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- "Study of the Sampaguita Flower - The National Pride of Philippines". Gardenerdy. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- IPNI. Aiton.
- Pagmenta, Frank (2009) The Aitons: Gardeners to their Majesties. Richmond Local History Society. ISBN 9780955071751
|Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National Biography's article about William Aiton.|