Willard DeMille Price (28 July 1887 – 14 October 1983) was a Canadian-born American traveller, journalist and author.
|Born||July 28, 1887|
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada
|Died||October 14, 1983(aged 96)|
Price was born to a family of devout Methodists in Peterborough, Ontario. When he was four years old, his father took him canoeing and fishing on Stony Lake, near his home town; he later described this as his "first great adventure." He spent some time living on his grandfather's farm before moving to Cleveland, Ohio. Price attended East High School and Western Reserve University where he funded his college degree by writing advertisements for local businesses and newspapers. During this time, he gained notoriety as a young Methodist leader and developed a taste for adventure on long trips during vacations.
On graduating in 1909, Price confounded expectations by choosing not to enter a seminary, instead spending a year preaching as an unordained pastor. He then resolved to experience the "workaday world", a decision that took him to New York and then London. While there he developed a "painfully acute social awareness" while volunteering at a settlement house in Southwark. This inspired Price to become "a social worker with a pen".
Returning to New York in 1911, Price won a scholarship to the School of Philanthropy at Columbia University, where he acquired a MA and Litt.D. While there he wrote a number of campaigning newspaper and magazine articles including a first-hand account of the squalid conditions aboard a transatlantic liner, a survey of Newark's slums and an investigation of child labour conditions in a Pittsburgh iron and steel plant (with Herschel V. Jones). Price also worked as publicity secretary of the Methodist Board of Foreign Missions, completed his thesis on immigration and edited the journals Survey and World Outlook.
Travel and writingEdit
Price spent his later life as a "foreign correspondent and roving researcher" on behalf of newspapers, magazines, museums and societies (in particular the National Geographic Society and the American Museum of Natural History). He visited a total of 148 countries and circled the globe three times before his death.
Price documented these adventures in a series of adult non-fiction books, beginning with Rip Tide in the Southern Seas (1936). His early writing career focused in particular on Japan, where he lived from 1933 to 1938 and could see first-hand the country's militarization.
In 1999, Professor Laurie Barber of Waikato University (Hamilton, New Zealand) suggested that Price may have spied for the United States. Indeed, Price admits to having done so in My Own Life of Adventure, one of two autobiographies he wrote in his later years. What remains unclear is whether Price was on the payroll of military intelligence.
Price's travels also provided inspiration for his popular Adventure series of novels for young readers, in which teenage zoologists Hal and Roger Hunt travel the world capturing wild animals. Price wrote the series for boys, "hoping that when they got old enough to hunt they would leave their guns at home."
Shortly before his death, Price commented that:
My aim in writing the Adventure series for young people was to lead them to read by making reading exciting and full of adventure. At the same time I want to inspire an interest in wild animals and their behavior. Judging from the letters I have received from boys and girls around the world, I believe I have helped open to them the worlds of books and natural history.
In 2006, the Price family sold the copyrights and related legal rights for the fourteen Adventure series titles, plus the right to use Price's name, to London-based Fleming Literary Management for an undisclosed six-figure sum.
- Amazon Adventure (1949)
- South Sea Adventure (1952)
- Underwater Adventure (1954)
- Volcano Adventure (1956)
- Whale Adventure (1960)
- African Adventure (1963)
- Elephant Adventure (1964)
- Safari Adventure (1966)
- Lion Adventure (1967)
- Gorilla Adventure (1969)
- Diving Adventure (1970)
- Cannibal Adventure (1972)
- Tiger Adventure (1979)
- Arctic Adventure (1980)
Adult travel booksEdit
- A Real Revolution in China (1914)
- Ancient Peoples at New Tasks (1918, for the Missionary Education Movement)
- The Negro Around the World (1925)
- Rip Tide in the South Seas (1936)
- The South Sea Adventure: Through Japan’s Equatorial Empire (1936, published in the US as Pacific Adventure)
- Second edition: Japan's Islands of Mystery (1944)
- Japan Reaches Out (1938)
- Japan's New Horizons (1938)
- Children of the Rising Sun (1938)
- Where Are You Going, Japan? (1938)
- Japan Rides the Tiger (1942)
- Japan's Islands of Mystery (1944). "For the most part new, but incorporates brief sections of the author's earlier Riptide in the South Seas, revised to date." Describes Micronesia at the time that the islands were being attacked by the US during WW2.
- Japan and the Son of Heaven (1945)
- Key to Japan (1946)
- Roving South: Rio Grande to Patagonia (1948)
- I Cannot Rest from Travel: An Autobiography of Adventure in Seventy Lands (1952)
- Journey by Junk: Japan After MacArthur (1953)
- Adventures in Paradise;: Tahiti and Beyond (1955)
- Roaming Britain: 8000 Miles Through England, Scotland and Wales (1958) (UK title: Innocents in Britain)
- The Amazing Amazon (1954)
- Incredible Africa (1962)
- The Amazing Mississippi (1963)
- Rivers I Have Known (1965)
- America's Paradise Lost (1966)
- Odd Way Round the World (1969)
- The Japanese Miracle and Peril (1971)
- My Own Life of Adventure: Travels in 148 Lands (1982)
- Price 1982, p. 1. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPrice1982 (help)
- Price 1982, p. 4–6. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPrice1982 (help)
- Price 1982, p. 14. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPrice1982 (help)
- Barber, Prof. Laurie. "Willard Price: Uncle Sam's Spy?". University of Waikato. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- Price 1982, p. 269. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPrice1982 (help)
- Rubinstein, Matt (2005), 'Adventure Adventure' mattrubinstein.com.au
- Mark Kleinman, Asia Business Editor (17 November 2006). "Fleming media banks on Price estate". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- "Willard Price & Fleming Literary". Fleming Literary. Archived from the original on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2014.