Willa, known as Willa of Tuscany (911/912-970), was a medieval Italian noblewoman. By birth, she was a member of the Bosonid noble dynasty. By marriage to Berengar II of Italy she was Countess of Ivrea from 930 to 963, and queen consort of Italy from 950 to 963.

Willa of Tuscany
Guillia comitissa.jpg
GUILLIA COMITISSA
Countess of Ivrea
Reign930 - 963
PredecessorErmengarde of Tuscany
SuccessorGerberga of Mâcon
Queen consort of Italy
Reign950 - 963
PredecessorAdelaide of Italy
SuccessorAdelaide of Italy
Born911 or 912
Arles
Died970
Bamberg
SpouseBerengar II of Italy
IssueAdalbert of Italy
Guy of Ivrea
Conrad of Ivrea
Rozala of Italy
Gerberga
Gisela
HouseHouse of Boso
FatherBoso, Margrave of Tuscany
MotherWilla of Burgundy
ReligionCatholic Church

LifeEdit

Willa was the daughter of Boso, Margrave of Tuscany and his wife Willa of Burgundy.[1] Both of her parents were of royal descent. Willa of Burgundy was the daughter of Rudolph I of Burgundy and sister of Rudolph II of Burgundy.[2] Boso was a grandson of Lothair II, King of Lotharingia via his mother, Bertha, and his elder brother Hugh was King of Italy.[3]

Around 930 Willa married Berengar II of Italy.[4] The marriage was arranged by Willa's paternal uncle Hugh of Italy.[5] About 940, however, Berengar led an unsuccessful revolt of Italian nobles against Hugh. Afterwards, he fled to the court of King Otto I of Germany. Although she was heavily pregnant, Willa left Italy, too, travelling through the Alps in the winter to rejoin her husband in Germany.[6]

In 950 when Berengar was crowned king of Italy, Willa became his queen consort.[7] Berengar held Willa in high regard and designated her his consors regni (partner in rule).[8]

The contemporary chronicler Liutprand of Cremona, raised at the court at Pavia, wrote about both Berengar and Willa in negative terms. He included several particularly vivid accounts of Willa's character in his Antapodosis, including that she supposedly committed adultery with her chaplain Dominic, "a small priest, puny in height, soot-coloured, rustic, hairy, intractable, rough, shaggy, wild, uncouth, crazy; rebellious, iniquitous, with a tail-like appendage".[9] In order to avoid discovery, Willa apparently cast spells upon her husband.[10] When Berengar held Adelaide of Italy captive in 951 Willa supposedly mistreated her.

When Berengar was fighting against Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor in the early 960s, Willa and her sons, Adalbert of Italy and Guy of Ivrea were frequently by his side.[11] After Otto deposed Berengar, Willa and Berengar were taken as prisoners to Bavaria.[12] After Berengar's death in 966 Willa retired to a nunnery in Bamberg, where she remained for the rest of her life.[13] The date of her death is not known exactly.

Marriage and issueEdit

With Berengar, Willa had several children, including:

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Liutprand of Cremona, Antapodosis in Squatriti, Complete Works, IV.8, p. 145; Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln Tafel 59.
  2. ^ Liudprand of Cremona, Antapodosis, IV.10, p. 318.
  3. ^ Keller, 'Bosone'.
  4. ^ Skinner Women, p. 100.
  5. ^ Liutprand of Cremona, Antapodosis, IV.7, p. 317.
  6. ^ [Liutprand of Cremona, Antapodosis, IV.9, p. 136]
  7. ^ Delogu, 'Berengario II'.
  8. ^ Skinner, Women, pp. 103, 108; Buc, 'Italian Hussies,' p. 215.
  9. ^ Liutprand, Antapodosis, in Squatriti, Complete Works, V.32, pp. 193-4.
  10. ^ Liutprand, Antapodosis, in Squatriti, Complete Works, V.32, pp. 193-4.
  11. ^ Continuator Reginonis, a.961, p. 624; a.962, p. 625.
  12. ^ Continuator Reginonis, a.964, p. 626.
  13. ^ Continuator Reginonis, a.966, p. 628.
  14. ^ Regum Italiæ et Imperatorum Catalogi, ex codice Ambrosiano, p. 217.
  15. ^ Arnulf of Milan, Gesta Archiepiscoporum Mediolanensium, p. 8.
  16. ^ Arnulf of Milan, Gesta Archiepiscoporum Mediolanensium, p. 8.
  17. ^ Continuator Reginonis, a.965, p. 627.
  18. ^ Liutprand of Cremona, Antapodosis, V.32, p. 336.
  19. ^ Liutprand of Cremona, Antapodosis, V.32, p. 336.

ReferencesEdit

  • H. Keller, 'Bosone di Toscana' Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 13 (1971).
  • P. Delogu, 'Berengario II, marchese d'Ivrea, re d'Italia' Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Vol. 9 (1967).
  • P. Skinner, Women in Medieval Italian Society, 500-1200 (Harlow, 2001).
  • P. Squatriti, trans., The Complete Works of Liutprand of Cremona (Washington DC, 2007).
  • Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten, Neue Folge, Band II (Marburg, Germany: J. A. Stargardt, 1984).
  • P. Buc, ‘Italian Hussies and German Matrons. Liutprand of Cremona on Dynastic Legitimacy,’ Frühmittelalterliche Studien 29 (1995), 207-225.