Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/September 16
- 1701 – James Francis Edward Stuart, nicknamed the "Old Pretender", became the Jacobite claimant to the English and Scottish thrones.
- 1920 – A bomb in a horse-drawn wagon exploded in front of 23 Wall Street in New York City, killing 38 people and injuring several hundred others.
- 1940 – Second World War: Italian forces captured the town of Sidi Barrani, but their invasion of Egypt (tanks pictured) progressed no further.
- 1990 – Construction of the Northern Xinjiang railway was completed between Ürümqi South and Alashankou, linking the railway lines of China and Kazakhstan, and adding a sizeable portion to the Eurasian Land Bridge.
- 2007 – Seventeen Iraqi civilians were shot and killed by Blackwater guards in Baghdad.