Biebrich (Wiesbaden)

  (Redirected from Wiesbaden-Biebrich)

Biebrich is a borough of the city of Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany. With over 36,000 inhabitants, it is the most-populated of Wiesbaden's boroughs. It is located south of the city center on the Rhine River, opposite the Mainz borough of Mombach. Biebrich was an independent city until it was incorporated into Wiesbaden in 1926.

Biebrich
Borough of Wiesbaden
Biebrich Palace
Coat of arms of Biebrich
Coat of arms
Location of Biebrich in Wiesbaden
Wiesbaden Karte Biebrich.PNG
Biebrich is located in Germany
Biebrich
Biebrich
Biebrich is located in Hesse
Biebrich
Biebrich
Coordinates: 50°03′00″N 8°14′00″E / 50.05000°N 8.23333°E / 50.05000; 8.23333Coordinates: 50°03′00″N 8°14′00″E / 50.05000°N 8.23333°E / 50.05000; 8.23333
CountryGermany
StateHesse
DistrictUrban district
CityWiesbaden
Government
 • Mayor of BoroughWolfgang Gores (CDU)
Area
 • Total12.99 km2 (5.02 sq mi)
Population
 (31.10.2008[1])
 • Total36,792
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
65203
Dialling codes0611

HistoryEdit

 
The Rhine at Biebrich

Numerous prehistoric and early-historical archeological finds indicate that the Biebrich area has been continuously inhabited since the Neolithic Age. In the Middle Ages, from the beginning of the reign of Charlemagne, the places Biburc (Biebrich) and Moskebach (Mosbach) were part of the Königssondergau Wiesbaden, held by the Frankish king as his personal property.

Biebrich was first mentioned in historical documents in 874. King Louis the German and his entourage boarded vessels at Villa Biburg on a trip from Frankfurt to Aachen.

Beginning of the 18th century, the princes (Fürsten) of Nassau built the Baroque Biebrich Palace (Schloss Biebrich). When this magnificent building was completed in 1744, the Prince of Nassau-Usingen relocated his residence from the far side of the Taunus to Biebrich. Until the completion of the City Palace in Wiesbaden in 1841, Biebrich was the principal residence of the Princes (and, after 1806, the Dukes) of Nassau.[2]

In the 19th century, Biebrich became an important industrial center of the Rhine Main Area with the plants of Dyckerhoff Concrete (now owned by Buzzi Unicem), Kalle and Albert Chemistry (now Celanese), and Henkell (sparkling wine = Sekt). In the economical crisis of the post-World War I Era, the small town, struck hard by unemployment of the majority of his working-class residents, merged with the bigger and much wealthier nearby spa city of Wiesbaden.

In 1951, the 633rd AAA Gun Battalion, 90mm, 7th Army U.S. NATO Occupation Forces were stationed in Biebrich.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Biebrich is twinned with:[3]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Seligman Baer (1825–1897), Biblical scholar and scholar of Jewish liturgy
  • Wilhelm Dilthey (1833–1911) and Wilhelm Heinrich Riehl (1823–1897), pioneers of the early German cultural studies of the 19th century, grew up in Biebrich
  • Sophia of Nassau (1836–1913), Queen consort of Sweden and Norway (1873-1907), wife of King Oscar II
  • Wilhelm Ferdinand Kalle (1870–1954), chemist, industrialist and politician
  • Ludwig Beck (1880–1944), general
  • Toni Sender (1888–1964), socialist politician
  • Walther Gerlach (1889–1979), physicist
  • Jürgen Grabowski (born 1944), footballer, grew up in Biebrich and was part of two its youth clubs (FV Biebrich 1902 und SV Biebrich 1919)
  • In 1862, Richard Wagner lived for one year in a newly built country house (later called Villa Annika) near the castle at the bank of the river Rhine, working on the first act and the prelude of the third act of Die Meistersinger. Following the composer's wishes, local wind instrument producer Wilhelm Heckel invented the so-called "Heckelphone" (a basso-oboe, used by Richard Strauss, Paul Hindemith, and others).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bevölkerung in den Ortsbezirken am 31. Oktober 2008 (population statistics by borough, October 31, 2008). Official city government website. Source: Bestandsdatensatz "Einwohnerwesen", Bevölkerung am Ort der Hauptwohnung. Retrieved on 2008-12-11.
  2. ^ History of Biebrich (in German). Retrieved on 2008-12-14.
  3. ^ "Stadtteilpartnerschaften". wiesbaden.de (in German). Wiesbaden. Retrieved 2021-02-17.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit