The Whitsunday Islands are 74 continental islands of various sizes off the central coast of Queensland, Australia, 900 kilometres (560 miles) north of Brisbane.[1] The northernmost of the islands are off the coast by the town of Bowen, while the southernmost islands are off the coast by Proserpine. The island group is centred on Whitsunday Island, while the commercial centre is Hamilton Island. The traditional owners of the area are the Ngaro people and the Gia people, whose Juru people has the only legally recognised native title in the Whitsunday Region.[2]

Whitsunday Islands
LocationQueensland, Australia
Coordinates20°18′S 148°56′E / 20.300°S 148.933°E / -20.300; 148.933
Total islands74
Major islandsHamilton Island
Area282.82 km2 (109.20 sq mi)
Largest settlementHamilton Island (pop. 1350)
Population1,570 (2014)
Pop. density5.551/km2 (14.377/sq mi)

The islands are within the locality of Whitsundays and the local government Whitsunday Region.[3] In 2009, as part of the Q150 celebrations, the Whitsunday Islands became one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for their role as a natural attraction.[4]



On Sunday 3 June 1770, (the day WhitsunPentecost was celebrated on the Christian calendar) Captain James Cook sailed his ship H.M.B. Endeavour, through a broad expanse of islands which provided an unimpeded passage to the north. Cook named the passage "Whitsundays' Passage".[5] Cook's recorded times and dates are often questioned. Time quoted is simply local time (calculated at noon), the date recorded is a little more confusing. Cook recorded nautical time (the day starts at noon). Considering the International Date Line, and knowing today's date on the east coast of Australia is calculated at GMT+10, Cook's recorded date is fortuitously correct.

Whitsunday Islands

There is some contention as to exactly which islands are within the informally named Whitsunday Islands, in particular those at the southern extremity and the inclusions to the west. What is certain is that they lie within the chain named Cumberland Isles by Captain Cook (now officially the Cumberland Islands) and a reasonably defined section of that chain and surrounding waters have become known worldwide as The Whitsundays, based on a contraction of the Whitsunday Islands designation.



The Whitsunday islands are a popular tourist destination for travellers to Queensland and the Great Barrier Reef with the area being one of the most popular yachting destinations in the Southern Hemisphere. The islands received about 700,000 visitors between March 2008 and March 2009.[6]

The Whitsunday Ngaro Sea Trail[7] is a mix of seaways and short walks, crossing South Molle, Hook and Whitsunday islands.[8] The tracks across the islands are linked by seaways suited to kayaking, sailing or powerboating. Camping is available at eight camping areas on the three islands. Several islands have large resorts, offering a wide variety of accommodation and activities. Chartering a yacht or bareboating is a popular way to explore the seaways, beaches and coves.

The Ngaro Whitsundays Underwater Art Trail [9] is a series on sculptures of Turtle, Manta ray, Maori wrasse, Coral polyp and a traditional piece named Bywa. They are located in shallow water depths assessable for snorkelling.



There are a total of 74 islands and islets among all the groups in the Whitsundays.

Whitsunday group


The most notable islands in the main Whitsunday group are named Dent, Hamilton, Hayman, Hook and Whitsunday which features the white sands of Whitehaven Beach.

Lindeman group


The best known island in the Lindeman group is its namesake Lindeman Island (20°26′44″S 149°02′33″E / 20.4456°S 149.0425°E / -20.4456; 149.0425 (Lindemann Island)).[10] However the largest island in the group is Shaw Island (20°29′12″S 149°04′32″E / 20.4867°S 149.0756°E / -20.4867; 149.0756 (Shaw Island)).[11]

Molle group


The most notable islands in the Molle group are Daydream Island (formerly West Molle Island), Long Island and South Molle Island.

Northern group


Some of the islands in the Northern group are Armit, Gloucester and Saddleback.

Table of islands


Listed below are islands of The Whitsundays, divided by group locality. Named rocks and islets can be found listed within the entry for the nearest island to that feature.

Island Capital Adjacent islets and features Area (km²) Population
Lindeman Islands Lindeman Island 30.34 10
Baynham Island 0.074 0
Comston Island 0.236 0
Gaibirra Island 0.323 0
Keyser Island 0.577 0
Lindeman Island 6.789 10
Little Lindeman Island 0.49 0
Maher Island Jesus Point 0.94 0
Mansell Island 1.177 0
Other Ann Island, Cole Island 0.222 0
Pentecost Island 1.25 0
Seaforth Island North Beach 0.265 0
Shaw Island Neck Bay, Burning Point 15.62 0
Thomas Island Thomas Bay, Dead Dog Point 2.23 0
Triangle Island 0.115 0
Volskow Island 0.032 0
Molle Islands South Molle Island 20.17 150
Daydream Island Coral Beach, Lovers Beach, Mermaids Beach, Sunset Beach 0.23 30
Denman Island 0.095 0
Goat Island 0.047 0
Long Island Base Point, Fire Point, Happy Bay, Paradise Bay, Pelican Beach, Peppers Palm Bay, Sandy Bay, Spit Point 10.6 80
Mid Molle Island 0.13 0
North Molle Island 2.643 0
Other Gunn Island, Repair Island, Shute Island, Tancerd Island 0.588 0
Pine Island 1.063 0
Planton Island 0.114 0
South Molle Island Bauer Bay 4.66 40
Northern Group Gloucester Island 33.56 1
Armit Island 1.05 0
Double Cone Island 0.4 0
Eshelby Island 0.13 0
Gloucester Island 26.8 0
Grassy Island 1.29 0
Gumbrell Island 0.47 0
Manta Ray Island 0.32 0
Middle Island 0.43 0
Olden Island 0.43 0
Poole Island 0.19 0
Rattray Island 0.23 0
Saddleback Island 0.58 0
Stone Island 1.24 1
The Whitsunday Group Hamilton Island 198.75 1409
Bird Island 0.017 0
Black Island 0.05 0
Border Island Cateran Bay 3.066 0
Cid Island Bench Point, Gilling Point 2.95 0
Cowrie Island 0.024 0
Deloraine Island 0.172 0
Dent Island 4.13 2
Dumbell Island 0.141 0
Dungarra Island 0.094 0
Esk Island 0.1 0
Fitzalan Island 0.054 0
Hamilton Island Crab Bay, South Head, Driftwood Bay, Coral Cove, Escape Beach, Broken Point, Sunrise Bay, Hideaway Bay, Catseye Bay, Pebble Beach, Airport Beach 7.98 1350
Harold Island 0.345 0
Haslewood Island 7.941 0
Hayman Island Dolphin Point, Tower Point, Rescue Beach, Groper Point, Arkhurst Point, Blue Pearl Bay, Royal Hayman Hotel 3.78 50
Henning Island 0.496 0
Hook Island 54.87 5
Ireby Island 0.046 0
Langford Island 0.093 0
Lupton Island 1.05 0
Nicolson Island 0.163 0
Other Buddibuddi Island, Yuindalla Island, Petrel Island, Arkhurst Island, Plum Pudding Island 0.904 0
Perseverance Island 0.342 0
Teague Island 0.558 0
Titan Island 0.011 2
Whitsunday Island 109 0
Wirrainbeia Island 0.04 0
Workington Island 0.333 0
Whitsunday Islands Totals 282.82 1570

See also



  1. ^ "Perfectly places: The Whitsundays: The place to live". Whitsunday Regional Council. p. 7. Retrieved 26 January 2020.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Prior on Behalf of the Juru (Cape Upstart) People v The State of Queensland (No.2) [2011] FCA 819 (26 July 2011), Federal Court (Australia).
  3. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  4. ^ Bligh, Anna (10 June 2009). "PREMIER UNVEILS QUEENSLAND'S 150 ICONS". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Trove - Archived webpage".
  6. ^ Andrew Bain (21 November 2009). "The alternative Whitsunday". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Digital. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
  7. ^ Science, jurisdiction=Queensland; sector=government; corporateName=Department of Environment and (19 November 2009). "Whitsunday Ngaro Sea Trail". Department of Environment and Science. Retrieved 8 March 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Whitsunday Ngaro Sea Trail". Department of National Parks, Recreation, Sport and Racing. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  9. ^ "Ngaro Whitsunday Underwater Art Trail".
  10. ^ "Lindemann Island – island in the Mackay Region (entry 19445)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Shaw Island – island in the Mackay Region (entry 30595)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 31 August 2021.