Whitewater, Wisconsin

Whitewater is a city located in Walworth and Jefferson counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. Located near the southern portion of the Kettle Moraine State Forest, Whitewater is the home of the University of Wisconsin–Whitewater. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 14,390,[6] which includes 11,150 in Walworth County and 3,240 in Jefferson County.

Whitewater, Wisconsin
Main Street, downtown Whitewater
Main Street, downtown Whitewater
Location of Whitewater in Walworth County and Jefferson County, Wisconsin.
Location of Whitewater in Walworth County and Jefferson County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 42°50′6″N 88°44′10″W / 42.83500°N 88.73611°W / 42.83500; -88.73611Coordinates: 42°50′6″N 88°44′10″W / 42.83500°N 88.73611°W / 42.83500; -88.73611
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountiesWalworth, Jefferson
Government
 • TypeCommon Council
Area
 • Total9.14 sq mi (23.67 km2)
 • Land8.84 sq mi (22.89 km2)
 • Water0.30 sq mi (0.77 km2)
Elevation823 ft (251 m)
Population
 • Total14,390
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
14,895
 • Density1,684.95/sq mi (650.58/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Zip Code
53190
Area code(s)262
FIPS code55-86925[5]
GNIS feature ID1576690[2]
Websitewww.whitewater-wi.gov

HistoryEdit

Whitewater was founded at the confluence of Whitewater Creek and Spring Brook, and named for the white sand in their beds.[7] A gristmill was built on Whitewater creek, the resulting pond now called Cravath Lake. The town grew quickly when the first railroad line in Wisconsin passed through in 1853, but struggled when the two largest employers left town.[7]

Whitewater was originally founded entirely by settlers who arrived there from New England. These people were "Yankees", that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. They were part of a wave of New England farmers who headed west into what was then the wilds of the Northwest Territory during the early 1800s. Most of them arrived as a result of the completion of the Erie Canal. When they arrived in what is now Whitewater, then nothing but dense virgin forest and wild prairie, the New Englanders laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes. They brought with them many of their Yankee New England values, such as staunch support for abolitionism and a passion for education, establishing many schools as well. They were mostly members of the Congregationalist Church though some were Episcopalian. Due to the second Great Awakening some of them had converted to Methodism before moving to what is now Whitewater. Whitewater, like much of Wisconsin, would be culturally very continuous with early New England culture for most of its early history.[8][9]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.06 square miles (23.47 km2), of which, 8.76 square miles (22.69 km2) is land and 0.30 square miles (0.78 km2) is water.[10] Most of the city lies in Walworth County.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,731
18803,617
18904,35920.5%
19003,405−21.9%
19103,224−5.3%
19203,215−0.3%
19303,4657.8%
19403,6896.5%
19505,10138.3%
19606,38025.1%
197012,03888.7%
198011,520−4.3%
199012,6369.7%
200013,4376.3%
201014,3907.1%
2019 (est.)14,895[4]3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 14,390 people, 4,766 households, and 1,781 families living in the city. The population density was 1,642.7 inhabitants per square mile (634.3/km2). There were 5,113 housing units at an average density of 583.7 per square mile (225.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 3.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population.

There were 4,766 households, of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 62.6% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the city was 21.9 years. 11.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 53.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.7% were from 25 to 44; 11.8% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census of 2000,[5] there were 13,437 people, 4,132 households, and 1,685 families living in the city. The population density was 1,923.5 people per square mile (742.2/km2). There were 4,340 housing units at an average density of 621.3 per square mile (239.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.25% White, 2.34% African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.48% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.50% of the population.

There were 4,132 households, out of which 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.2% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 12.5% under the age of 18, 53.2% from 18 to 24, 15.7% from 25 to 44, 9.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,600, and the median income for a family was $48,185. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $22,431 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,965. About 10.6% of families and 27.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over. (Note: information in this paragraph is still from the 2000 census.)

Arts and cultureEdit

 
Lake Cravath has a newly developed lakefront
 
Welcome sign on WIS 59

Annual events in Whitewater include "Freeze Fest" in January, the Bridal Fair, Farm Toy Show in February, Maxwell Street Day and the 4th of July Celebration in July. The Minneiska Water Ski Shows perform in the summer on Whitewater Lake.[12] Departing from the Highway 12 crossing of the Ice Age Trail, group biking tours depart several times a week from the area. September through April, Young Auditorium at the university hosts entertainment.[13]

Places of worshipEdit

  • Anchor Bible Church[14]
  • Community of St. Patrick Catholic Church
  • Congregational United Church of Christ[15]
  • First English Lutheran Church
  • First United Methodist Church[16]
  • Kettle Moraine Baptist Church[17]
  • Living Word Fellowship[18]
  • Whitewater Bible Church
  • Whitewater Family Church[19]
  • Whitewater Islamic center[20]
  • Crosspointe Community Church
  • Hope Ministries

Parks and recreationEdit

There are five community parks in Whitewater: Cravath Lakefront Park, Moraine View Park, Starin Park, Trippe Lake Park, and Whitewater Creek Nature Area. Effigy Mounds Preserve is an archeological park.[21] An aquatic and fitness center is located in Whitewater.[22]

GovernmentEdit

 
City hall
 
Birge Fountain, built in 1903, was renovated and rededicated in 2003.

Whitewater has a council-manager form of government. The city manager is Cameron Clapper. The municipal judge is Patrick Taylor. Whitewater's Common Council is made up of one member from each of the five districts in the city and two members-at-large. The Common Council meets on the first and third Tuesdays of the month at City Hall, with its meetings being broadcast live on Whitewater Public Television.

EducationEdit

Whitewater is served by the Whitewater Unified School District (WWUSD), which has five schools and one university in the city:

Kettle Moraine Baptist Academy, which serves students in grades kindergarten through 12, is also located in the city.[23]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Whitewater, Wisconsin
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Whitewater city, Wisconsin". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  7. ^ a b History of Whitewater Archived 2008-01-25 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ History of Walworth County, Wisconsin by Albert Clayton Beckwith, 1912 page 779
  9. ^ The History of Wisconsin by William Fletcher Thompson State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Dec 1, 1998 ISBN 9780870203039
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ Whitewaterskiteam.org
  13. ^ "UWW.edu". Archived from the original on 2007-02-19. Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  14. ^ Anchor Bible Church
  15. ^ "Congregational United Church of Christ". Archived from the original on 2013-07-18. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
  16. ^ "FUMC Home Page". Fumcwhitewater.org. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  17. ^ Kettle Moraine Baptist Church
  18. ^ Living Word Fellowship
  19. ^ Whitewater Family Church
  20. ^ whitewater Islamic center
  21. ^ "Parks, Preserves and Paths". City of Whitewater. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  22. ^ "About the Aquatic Center". City of Whitewater. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  23. ^ Kettle Moraine Baptist Academy
  24. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1887,' Biographical Sketch of Edwin Coe, pg. 512

Further readingEdit

  • Kraege, Fred G. Whitewater. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Press, 2006.

External linksEdit