Whitesnake

Whitesnake are a hard rock band formed in England in 1978. The group was originally put together as the backing band for singer David Coverdale, who had recently left Deep Purple. Though the band quickly developed into their own entity, Coverdale is the only constant member throughout their history.

Whitesnake
Whitesnake performing at Hellfest 2019
Whitesnake performing at Hellfest 2019
Background information
OriginLondon, England
Genres
Years active
  • 1978–1990
  • 1994
  • 1997
  • 2003–present
Associated acts
Websitewhitesnake.com
Members
Past membersList of Whitesnake members

Whitesnake enjoyed much success in the UK, Europe and Japan through their early years. The albums Ready an' Willing, Come an' Get It and Saints & Sinners all reached the top ten on the UK Albums Chart. By the mid-1980s, however, Coverdale had set his sights on breaking through in North America, where Whitesnake remained largely unknown. With the backing of American label Geffen Records, Whitesnake released their self-titled album in 1987, which proved to be their biggest success to date, selling over eight million copies in the US and spawning the hit singles "Here I Go Again" and "Is This Love". Whitesnake also adopted a more contemporary look, akin to the Los Angeles glam metal scene. After releasing Slip of the Tongue in 1989, Coverdale decided to put Whitesnake on hold to take a break from the music industry. Aside from a few short-lived reunions in the 1990s, the band remained mostly inactive until 2003, when Coverdale put together a new line-up to celebrate Whitesnake's 25th anniversary. Since then Whitesnake have released four more studio albums and toured extensively around the world.

Whitesnake's early sound has been characterized by critics as blues rock, but they slowly began moving toward a more commercially accessible hard rock style. Themes such as love and sex are common in Whitesnake's lyrics, which have also been criticized for their excessive use of sexual innuendos and double entendres. Whitesnake have been nominated for several awards during their career, including Best British Group at the 1988 Brit Awards. They have also been featured on lists of the greatest hard rock bands of all time by several media outlets,[1][2] while their songs and albums have appeared on many "best of" lists by outlets, such as VH1 and Rolling Stone.[3][4][5]

History

Formation, Snakebite and Trouble (1976–1978)

In March 1976, singer David Coverdale left the English hard rock group Deep Purple. He had joined the band three years prior and recorded three successful albums with them. After leaving Deep Purple, Coverdale released his solo album White Snake in May 1977.[6] His second solo album Northwinds was released in March 1978.[7] Both combined elements of blues, soul and funk, as Coverdale had wanted to distance himself from the hard rock sound synonymous with Deep Purple.[8] Both records featured former Snafu guitarist Micky Moody, whom Coverdale had known since the late 1960s.[9] As Coverdale began assembling a backing band in London, Moody was the first to join.[10][11] Among the other early candidates for the group were drummers Dave Holland and Cozy Powell, as well as guitarist Mel Galley.[12] The decision to recruit a second guitarist was made at Moody's suggestion. Bernie Marsden, formerly of UFO and Paice Ashton Lord, agreed to join.[11][13] Through him, they were also able to recruit bassist Neil Murray, who had played with Marsden in Cozy Powell's Hammer.[14] The band's initial line-up was rounded out by drummer Dave "Duck" Dowle and keyboardist Brian Johnson, who had played together in Streetwalkers.[15]

 
A newspaper advert for Whitesnake's first UK tour, promoting Coverdale's second solo album Northwinds

The band, dubbed David Coverdale's Whitesnake, played their first show at Lincoln Technical College on 3 March 1978.[17][18] Their live debut had originally been scheduled for 23 February at the Sky Bird Club in Nottingham, but the show was cancelled.[18][19] Coverdale had originally wanted the group to be simply called Whitesnake, but was forced to use his own name as it still carried some clout as the former lead singer of Deep Purple.[20][21][22] In interviews, Coverdale would jokingly state that the name "Whitesnake" was a euphemism for his penis, while in fact, it came from the song of the same name found on his first solo album.[23] After completing a small UK club tour, the band adjourned to a rehearsal place in London's West End to begin writing new songs.[11] They soon caught the attention of EMI International's Robbie Dennis, who wanted to sign the group. According to Bernie Marsden, however, his higher-ups were not ready to commit to a full album. Thus, the band entered London's Central Recorders Studio in April 1978 to record an EP.[24] By this point, original keyboardist Brian Johnston had been replaced by Pete Solley.[21] Martin Birch, who had worked with Coverdale during his time in Deep Purple, was chosen to produce.[19] The resulting record, Snakebite, was released in June 1978.[21] In Europe, the EP was combined with four tracks from Coverdale's album Northwinds to make up a full-length album.[21] Snakebite also contained a slowed down cover of Bobby Bland's "Ain't No Love in the Heart of the City", which had originally been used by the band to audition bass players. While the song was only included because the group were short on songs, the track would later become a popular live staple at Whitesnake concerts, with Coverdale calling it "the national anthem of the Whitesnake choir", referring to the band's audience.[16][25] When Snakebite reached number 61 on the UK Singles Chart,[26] the band were duly signed to EMI proper.[27]

In July 1978, the band (now known simply as Whitesnake) entered Central Recorders in London to begin work on their first proper studio album with Martin Birch again producing. The recording and mixing only took ten days.[28] Towards the end of the sessions, Pete Solley's keyboard parts were completely replaced by Coverdale's former Deep Purple bandmate Jon Lord, who agreed to join Whitesnake after much coaxing from Coverdale.[29][30] Colin Towns and Tony Ashton were also approached, having previously played with fellow Deep Purple offshoots the Ian Gillan Band and Paice Ashton Lord, respectively.[28] Whitesnake's debut album Trouble was released in October 1978,[21] and it reached number 50 on the UK Albums Chart.[31] In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Eduardo Rivadavia stated: "A few unexpected oddities throw the album off-balance here and there, [...] but all things considered, it is easy to understand why Trouble turned out to be the first step in a long, and very successful career."[32] The release of Trouble was followed by an 18-date UK tour, beginning on 26 October 1978.[33] The final show at the Hammersmith Odeon in London was recorded and released in Japan as Live at Hammersmith.[34] According to Coverdale, this was done to appease Japanese promoters who allegedly refused to book Whitesnake without some kind of a live recording.[35]

Lovehunter and Ready an' Willing (1979–1980)

Whitesnake began their first continental European tour on 9 February 1979 in Germany.[33] They then began recording their second album in April 1979 at Clearwell Castle in Gloucestershire, where Coverdale had previously worked with Deep Purple. Martin Birch returned to produce and the band employed the Rolling Stones Mobile Studio to record.[36] Bernie Marsden later described the resulting record as a "transition album", where the band really began to "blossom" and find their footing.[37] Before the album's release though, drummer Dave "Duck" Dowle was replaced by Ian Paice, Coverdale and Lord's former Deep Purple bandmate.[38] There is some contention as to the nature of Dowle's departure. Coverdale maintains that Dowle's performance on the album was lacking and that he was "unable to take constructive criticism", which ultimately led to his firing.[38][39] Bernie Marsden, meanwhile, asserted that Dowle left because he didn't like being at Clearwell Castle and away from his family.[39] The idea of Paice re-recording Dowle's drum parts was considered, but ultimately rejected by the band's management allegedly due to cost.[40] Paice's addition also spurred speculation from the British music press about Coverdale mounting a Deep Purple reunion, something he denied.[38] Coverdale later remarked how Paice joining the band felt like "truly the beginning of Whitesnake", where all the members were "performing at [their] absolute best" and "inspiring the best out of each other".[41] Lovehunter, Whitesnake's second album, was released in October 1979,[39] and it reached number 29 on the UK Albums Chart.[42] Sounds gave the record a positive review,[36] while AllMusic's Eduardo Rivadavia was more mixed, commending many of the songs, but criticizing the band's studio performance as "strangely tame".[43] The album's cover art, depicting a naked woman straddling a giant serpent, caused some controversy when the record was released. Whitesnake had already received criticism from the British music press for their alleged sexist lyrics. The cover art for Lovehunter, done by artist Chris Achilleos, was reportedly commissioned to "just piss [the critics] off even more".[36][41] In North America, a sticker was placed on the cover to hide the woman's buttocks, while in Argentina the cover art was modified so that the woman wore a chain-mail bikini.[39] Nevertheless, Whitesnake began a supporting tour for Lovehunter on 11 October 1979 in the UK, followed by dates in Europe.[44]

 
Whitesnake performing at the 1980 Reading Rock Festival

After completing the supporting tour for Lovehunter, Whitesnake promptly started work on their third album at Ridge Farm Studios, with Martin Birch once again producing.[38] The resulting record, Ready an' Willing, was released on 31 May 1980,[45] and it reached number six on the UK Albums Chart.[46] It also became the band's first album to chart in the US, where it reached number 90 on the Billboard 200 chart.[47] Its success was helped by the lead single "Fool for Your Loving", which reached number 13 and number 53 in the UK and the US, respectively.[48][49] Geoff Barton, writing for Sounds, gave Ready an' Willing a positive review, awarding it four stars out of five.[38] Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic commended the band's growing consistency, but still described the production as "flat".[50] Micky Moody and Bernie Marsden later named Ready an' Willing their favourite Whitesnake album.[51] In the UK, the record would later be certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry for sales of over 100,000 copies.[52] In support of the album, Whitesnake toured the US for the first time supporting Jethro Tull. Later that year, they supported AC/DC in Europe.[53] With the benefit of a hit single, Whitesnake's audience in the UK began to grow.[41] Thus, the band recorded and released the double live album Live... in the Heart of the City. The record combined new material recorded in June 1980 at the Hammersmith Odeon with the previously released Live at Hammersmith album.[35] Live... in the Heart of the City proved to be an even bigger success than Ready an' Willing, reaching number five in the UK.[54] It would later go platinum, with sales of over 300,000 copies.[55] In North America, the album was released as a single record version, excluding the live material from 1978.[56]

Come an' Get It and Saints & Sinners (1981–1982)

In early 1981, Whitsnake began recording their fourth studio album with producer Martin Birch at Ringo Starr's Startling Studios in Ascot, Berkshire. After the success of Ready an' Willing and Live... in the Heart of the City, Whitesnake were riding high with the atmosphere in the studio being described by Coverdale as "great" and "positive". The resulting record, Come an' Get It, was released on 6 April 1981.[57] Charting in seven countries, it gave the group their highest ever UK chart position at number two.[58] That same year, the album was certified gold.[59] The single "Don't Break My Heart Again" also charted at number seventeen in the UK.[60] Circus magazine gave the album a positive review, which proclaimed: "[Whitesnake] has made its claim to rock history with Come an' Get It, which even stands ahead of classic hard rock in the Free mold."[61] Coverdale later named the record his favorite album of the band's early years, stating: "Even though we had some great songs on each album, I don't feel that we came as close as we did on [Come an' Get It], as far as consistency is concerned.[57] Whitesnake kicked off the supporting tour for Come an' Get It on 14 April 1981 in Germany.[62] During the tour, the band played five nights at the Hammersmith Odeon and eight dates in Japan.[62][63] They also played the US in July, supporting Judas Priest with Iron Maiden.[62] At the 1981 Monsters of Rock festival at Castle Donington, Whitesnake were direct support for headliners AC/DC.[57] The supporting tour for Come an' Get It lasted approximately five months.[64]

 
Whitesnake performing at the Hammersmith Odeon in London, 1981

In late 1981, Coverdale retreated to a small villa in southern Portugal to begin writing the band's next album. After returning to England, he and the rest of Whitesnake gathered at Nomis Studios in London to start rehearsals. However, as Coverdale would later explain: "There wasn't that 'spark' that was usually in attendance. It felt more of an effort to be there."[64] Micky Moody later stated that by the end of 1981, the band had become tired, partially from "too many late nights, too much partying".[65] In an effort to lift their collective spirits, Whitesnake returned to Clearwell Castle in Gloucestershire, where they had recorded Lovehunter. Though morale still remained low, the band were able to record the basic tracks for the new album. Guy Bidmead replaced producer Martin Birch, who was reportedly too ill at the time to work. This exacerbated the band's ever worsening mental state. Birch did eventually return when recording moved to Britannia Row.[64][66] To make matters worse, the band were experiencing money problems with Moody recalling: "We weren't making nowhere near the kind of money we should have been making. Whitesnake always seemed to be in debt, and I thought 'What is this?, we're playing in some of the biggest places and we're still being told we're in debt, where is all the money going?'."[65] Eventually, Moody became fed up with the band's situation and left Whitesnake in December 1981.[65] The remaining band members blamed the group's management company Seabreeze, headed by Deep Purple's former manager John Coletta, for their financial state.[22][25][67] According to Bernie Marsden, the band set up a meeting to fire Coletta, but Coverdale failed to show. Instead, Marsden, Neil Murray and Ian Paice were informed that Whitesnake had been put on hold and that they were fired.[67] Marsden later remarked that "David [Coverdale] decided he would be king of Whitesnake".[25] Coverdale asserts that he elected to put the band on hold when his daughter contracted bacterial meningitis.[64][68] He claims that this gave him "the backbone" to cut ties with Coletta. Coverdale ended up buying himself out of his contracts, which reportedly cost him over a million dollars.[25][68] As for the firing of Marsden, Murray and Paice, Coverdale felt they lacked the needed enthusiasm to keep working in Whitesnake.[25][67] Coverdale later stated that it was "a business decision, not personal".[64]

"I thought [David Coverdale] was a star frontman, a star singer, I felt he had a mediocre band and just average songs. My job was to make them a commercial rock band for the United States."

John Kalodner on his role working with Whitesnake.[69]

After waiting for his daughter to recupurate, and severing ties with the band's management, record companies and publishers, Coverdale began putting Whitesnake back together. Micky Moody and Jon Lord agreed to return, while guitarist Mel Galley, bassist Colin Hodgkinson and drummer Cozy Powell were brought in as new recruits.[25][64] Coverdale completed the band's new album with Martin Birch in October 1982 at Battery Studios in London.[66] Saints & Sinners was released on 15 November 1982.[64] It reached number nine in the UK and charted in eight additional countries.[70] In the UK, the record was certified silver.[71] Chas de Whalley, writing for Kerrang!, gave the album a lukewarm review. Save for two tracks ("Crying in the Rain" and "Here I Go Again"), he characterized the rest of the record as generally mediocre.[72] Conversely, AllMusic's Eduardo Rivadavia, in a retrospective review, hailed Saints & Sinners as Whitesnake's "best album yet".[73] By the time the record was released, Coverdale had signed a new recording contract with American label Geffen Records, who would handle all of Whitesnake's future releases in North America. In Europe, the band remained with Liberty (a subsidiary of EMI), while in Japan, they signed with Sony.[74][75] A&R executive John Kalodner, who had been a long-time fan of Coverdale's, convinced David Geffen to sign the band.[74] Meeting Geffen and Kalodner had a major impact on Coverdale and his future vision for Whitesnake. He explained: "David Geffen said to me 'If you can make five dollars profit, why not 50? If 50, why not 500? Why not 50,000, why not five million?'" Coverdale soon set his sights on breaking through in North America with Kalodner advising him.[68][76] Meanwhile, Whitesnake began a supporting for Saints & Sinners on 10 December 1982 in the UK.[66][77]

Slide It In (1983–1984)

Whitesnake toured across Europe and Japan in early 1983,[66] before starting rehearsals for their next album at Jon Lord's house in Oxfordshire.[78] Coverdale began steering Whitesnake's music more towards hard rock, which was emphasized by the additions of Mel Galley and Cozy Powell, whose past projects included Trapeze and Rainbow, respectively.[65][79] Majority of Whitesnake's next album was co-written by Coverdale and Galley, while Micky Moody contributed to only one song.[80] Whitesnake began recording their sixth album at Musicland Studios in Munich with producer Eddie Kramer, who had come recommended by John Kalodner.[78][81] In August 1983, Whitesnake headlined the Monsters of Rock festival at Castle Donington, England. The show was filmed and later released as the band's first long-form video, titled Whitesnake Commandos. The band also premiered the new single "Guilty of Love", which was released to coincide with the festival. The entire album had originally been slated for release three weeks prior to the Donington show, but failed to meet the deadline. The band were having problems adapting to Eddie Kramer's style of producing, particularly his method of mixing the record. Eventually thing came to a head and Kramer was let go. Coverdale then rehired Martin Birch to complete the album.[78]

 
Whitesnake performing at the 1983 Monsters of Rock festival

A new release date for the record was set for mid-November with a supporting tour scheduled to start in December.[82] However, as Whitesnake finished up a European tour in October, Micky Moody left the group. He later attributed his departure to a growing dissatisfaction working in the band, particularly with Coverdale. Moody remarked: "Me and David weren't friends and co-writers anymore. [...] David was a guy who five, six years earlier was my best friend. Now he acted as if I wasn't there."[65] Moody also felt uncomfortable with the level of influence he felt John Kalodner was having on the band.[83] Colin Hodgkinson was also let go in late 1983, only to be replaced by his predecessor Neil Murray. Coverdale later explained the decision to rehire Murray by simply stating: "I'd missed his playing".[78] To replace Moody, Coverdale initially looked to Michael Schenker and Adrian Vandenberg. According to Coverdale, John Kalodner had convinced him that in order for the band to achieve their full potential, they needed a "guitar hero" that could match Coverdale as a frontman.[84] Schenker claims he turned down the offer to join Whitesnake, while Coverdale insists Schenker was not hired on the account of his reputation of being difficult to work with.[68][85] Vandenberg declined the offer to join as well, due to the success he was having at the time with his own band.[68][86] Coverdale then approached Thin Lizzy guitarist John Sykes, who he met when Whitesnake and Thin Lizzy played some of the same festivals in Europe.[87] Sykes was initially reluctant to join, wanting to continue working with Thin Lizzy frontman Phil Lynott, but after several more offers he accepted.[88] John Sykes and Neil Murray were officially confirmed as members of Whitesnake in January 1984.[89][90] With the line-up changes and the troubled production of the album, both the record and the accompanying tour were delayed until early 1984.[91] Towards the end of 1983, Jon Lord had informed Coverdale of his intention to leave the band as well, but Coverdale convinced him to stay until the upcoming tour was over.[92]

 
John Sykes performing with Whitesnake at the Oakland Coliseum, 1984

Slide It In, Whitesnake's sixth studio album, was released on 30 January 1984.[93] On the UK Albums Chart, it reached number nine.[94] The album's highest chart position was in Finland, where it reached number four.[95] Slide It In received mixed reviews from critics, with the production being a common complaint.[96][97] Dave Dickson, writing for Kerrang!, called the record "the best thing Whitesnake have yet commited to vinyl",[98] while Record Mirror's Jim Reid was highly critical of the lyrical content.[99] AllMusic's Eduardo Rivadavia, in a retrospective review, called Slide It In "an even greater triumph" than the band's previous works,[100] whereas Garry Bushell of Sounds gave the album a particularly scathing review, in which he likened Coverdale's voice to that of a "dying dog".[25][97] Whitesnake's new line-up made their live debut in Dublin on 17 February 1984.[101] During a tour stop in Germany, Mel Galley broke his arm leaping on top of a parked car. He sustained nerve damage, leaving him unable to play guitar. As a result, Galley was forced to leave Whitesnake.[97][102][103] By April 1984, a reunion of Deep Purple's Mark II line-up had become imminent, which led to Jon Lord also leaving. He played his final show with Whitesnake on 16 April 1984.[97] That same day, Geffen Records released Slide It In in North America.[104] Kalodner had been unimpressed by Martin Birch's work on the album and had demanded a complete remix for the American market. Though initially reluctant, Coverdale agreed after a trip to Geffen's offices in Los Angeles, where he came to the conclusion that Whitesnake's studio approach had become "dated" by American standards. Keith Olsen was brought on board to remix Slide It In, while John Sykes and Neil Murray were tasked with re-recording Micky Moody and Colin Hodgkinson's parts, respectively.[105] The remixed version of Slide It In reached number 40 on the Billboard 200 chart.[106] By 1986, the album had sold over 500,000 copies in the US.[107] Critical reception was also positive, with Pete Bishop of The Pittsburg Press calling the album "muscular, melodic and musical all together".[108] With the band now left as a four-piece (with Richard Bailey providing keyboards off-stage),[109] Whitesnake supported Dio for several show in the US, after which they toured Japan as a part of the Super Rock '84 festival.[110] Later that year, Whitesnake embarked on a six week North American tour supporting Quiet Riot.[111] To further the band's reach in America, Whitesnake shot two music videos for the singles "Slow an' Easy" and "Love Ain't No Stranger", respectively.[112] Both songs reached the Top Tracks chart in the US.[113][114] In an effort to take America more seriously, Coverdale also relocated to the US.[115]

Whitesnake (1985–1988)

The supporting tour for Slide It In came to an end in January 1985, when Whitesnake played two show at the Rock in Rio festival in Brazil.[116] After the tour ended, Cozy Powell parted ways with the band. According to Coverdale, the relationship between him and Powell had deteriorated increasingly over the course of the tour. After the final show, Coverdale flew to Los Angeles to meet with Geffen Records to inform them that he was letting the rest of the band go. Coverdale claims that he was persuaded to keep Sykes and Murray involved, while Powell was fired.[117] Conversely, Neil Murray insists that Powell left over money disputes.[118] In any case, Coverdale and Sykes then retreated to the South of France in early 1985 to begin writing the band's next album. The sessions proved fruitful and they were later joined by Murray, who helped with the arrangements.[116] The new material saw Whitesnake moving further away from their bluesier roots in favour of a more American hard rock sound.[119][120] John Kalodner also convinced Coverdale to re-record two songs from the Saints & Sinners album, "Here I Go Again" and "Crying in the Rain", which he thought had great potential with better production and arranging.[121] "Here I Go Again" in particular was a song Kalodner told Coverdale could be a number one hit in America.[25] With new material ready, the band then began searching for a new drummer. A reported sixty drummers auditioned for the group, with prolific session drummer Aynsley Dunbar eventually being chosen. Former Ozzy Osbourne drummer Tommy Aldridge was also offered the spot, but the two parties couldn't come to a satisfactory agreement.[117]

The band began tracking their new album at Little Mountain Sound Studios in Vancouver with producer Mike Stone.[122] By early 1986, much of the record had been recorded.[116] When it came time for Coverdale to record his vocals though, he noticed his voice was unusually nasal and off-pitch. After consulting several specialists, it was revealed that Coverdale had contracted a severe sinus infection. After receiving some antibiotics, Coverdale flew to Compass Point Studios in the Bahamas to resume recording. However, the infection resurfaced which caused Coverdale's septum to collapse. He required surgery, followed by a six month rehabilitation period.[117] John Sykes disputes this and maintains that Coverdale was just suffering from "nerves", and that he used "every excuse possible" not to record his vocals.[123] After recovering from surgery, Coverdale, by his own account, did develop a "mental block" that prevented him from singing.[124] After some failed sessions with Ron Nevison, he was finally able to record his vocals with producer Keith Olsen.[117] By late 1986, much of the record had been finished. Keyboards were provided by Don Airey and Bill Cuomo, while Adrian Vandenberg was brought in to do some guitar overdubs.[116] Additional guitars were also provided by Dann Huff.[125]

By the end of 1986, Coverdale had fired Sykes, Murray and Dunbar, as well as producer Mike Stone. The events surrounding their departure remain a point of contention between the differing parties. Coverdale maintains that as he was recovering from surgery, Sykes and Stone began conspiring against him by booking studio time and making decisions without his involvement.[117] Mike Stone allegedly suggested bringing in someone else to record the vocals, while Sykes reportedly refused to work with Keith Olsen.[126] Conversely, Sykes claims that he and the other band members were systematically fired as soon as they finished recording their respective parts.[123] Vandenberg recalled in an interview with Eddie Trunk, how Sykes came to the studio to confront Coverdale after being informed he was out of the band.[127] Neil Murray, meanwhile, has stated that Sykes wanted more control over the band, which ultimately led to his departure. As for himself and Dunbar, Murray stated that as soon as they finished recording their parts, they stopped getting paid, despite still officially being in the band.[128] In any case, Coverdale was left as the sole member of Whitesnake, so he set about putting together a new line-up. With the help of John Kalodner, he recruited Vandenberg and Tommy Aldridge, as well as guitarist Vivian Campbell (formerly of Dio) and bassist Rudy Sarzo (formerly of Quiet Riot).[68][129][130] This new line-up would appear in all the promotional materials for the forthcoming album.[131] Whitesnake also adopted a new look, akin to glam metal bands of the time, in order to appeal more to American audiences. When asked about the band's makeover, Coverdale responded: "I'm competing with people like Jon Bon Jovi. I've gotta look the part."[132] Due to the prolonged recording process, Coverdale claims to have been three million dollars in debt at the time of the album's release.[68]

 
David Coverdale performing with Whitesnake in 1987

Whitesnake (titled 1987 in Europe and Serpens Albus in Japan) was released on 30 March 1987 in Europe and 7 April in North America.[134][135] The record peaked at number eight in the UK, while in the US it reached at number two on the Billboard 200 chart.[136][137] In total, the record charted in 14 countries and quickly became the most commercially successful album of the band's career, selling over eight million copies in the US alone.[107] Its success also boosted Slide It In's sales to over two million copies in the US.[107] In addition to this, the singles "Here I Go Again" and "Is This Love" reached number one and two, respectively, on the Billboard Hot 100.[138][139] In the UK, both reached number nine.[140][141] The record's success was helped by the heavy airplay Whitesnake received on MTV, courtesy of a trilogy of music videos featuring Coverdale's future wife and actress Tawny Kitaen.[132] The album was generally well received by critics, though reviews in the UK were less favourable, with Coverdale being accused of "selling out" to America, which he strongly denied.[109] Rolling Stone's J. D. Considine praised the band's ability to present old ideas in new and interesting ways, while AllMusic's Steve Huey, in a retrospective review, touted the album as the band's best.[142][143] Many critics also took note of the similarities between Led Zeppelin and the song "Still of the Night",[134][142] to which Coverdale jokingly responded: "I guess it's quite a compliment to be placed in a class like that."[144]

Whitesnake made their live debut following the record's release at the Texxas Jam festival in June 1987.[132] They then toured the US supporting Mötley Crüe on their Girls, Girls, Girls Tour.[86] Beginning on 30 October 1987,[145] Whitesnake embarked on a headlining arena tour, which was temporarily interrupted in April 1988, when Coverdale had a herniated disc removed from his lower back.[86][146][147] At the 1988 Brit Awards, the band were nominated for Best British Group, while the album Whitesnake was nominated for Favorite Pop/Rock Album at the American Music Awards.[148][149] When the supporting tour for Whitesnake ended in August 1988,[150] Coverdale informed the rest of the band that the next album would be written by him and Adrian Vandenberg, who had established a fruitful working relationship.[131] After approximately a month of writing, the band regrouped at Lake Tahoe for three weeks of rehearsals.[151] In December 1988, Vivian Campbell parted ways with the band. The official reason given was "musical differences".[152] However, Campbell later revealed that his departure was partially due to a falling out between his wife and Tawny Kitaen. This resulted in Campbell's wife being barred from the band's tour. In addition to this, Vandenberg had made it known that he wanted to be the sole guitarist in Whitesnake, which also played into Campbell's departure.[131][153]

Slip of the Tongue (1989–1990)

Whitesnake started recording their eight album in January 1989.[154] Bruce Fairbairn was initially chosen to produce, but was forced to drop out due to scheduling conflicts. The band then hired both Keith Olsen and Mike Clink to produce the record.[155] Coverdale later explained the decision to hire two producers, citing pressure to follow-up the band's previous record. He stated: "I was concerned that Keith Olsen couldn't achieve the powerful low-end I wanted [...] and I wasn't convinced that Mike Clink could get me other sonic aspects I was after."[156] During the recording process, Adrian Vandenberg sustaned an injury to his wrists while performing some playing exercises. Despite consulting a doctor and significant rest, Vandenberg's injury persisted, leaving him unable to play the guitar properly.[151] It wasn't until 2003 that he learned the injury was the result of nerve damage sustained in a 1980 car accident.[86] Vandenberg's injury caused significant delays to the album, which had originally been slated for release in the June–July 1989.[157] Ultimately, Coverdale was forced to find another guitar player to play on the record.[156] He opted to recruit former Frank Zappa and David Lee Roth guitarist Steve Vai, who he had seen in the 1986 film Crossroads a few years earlier.[156] Vai officially joined Whitesnake in March 1989.[158] Vandenberg, meanwhile, was not fired from the band. Instead, he was given enough time to recuperate while Vai recorded the album.[151] Vandenberg is still minimally featured on the finished record.[156]

 
Adrian Vandenberg (left) and David Coverdale (right) backstage at Castle Donington in England, 1990

Slip of the Tongue was released on 7 November 1989 in the US, followed by a worldwide release on 13 November.[159] It reached number ten on the UK Albums Chart, as well as the Billboard 200.[160][161] The record also charted in twelve additional countries. The lead single was a re-recorded version of "Fool for Your Loving", originally found on 1980's Ready an' Willing.[162] Coverdale had been reluctant to re-record the song, let alone release it as the first single, but Geffen Records hoped to repeat the success of "Here I Go Again" with another older track. Coverdale later admitted it to regretting the decision.[156][162][163] "Fool for Your Loving" only peaked at number 37 on the Billboard Hot 100.[164] It faired better on the Album Rock Tracks chart, where it peaked at number two.[165] The second single "The Deeper the Love" also stalled at number 28 on the Hot 100,[166] while on the Album Rock Tracks chart it reached number four.[167] Reviewing Slip of the Tongue, Malcolm Dome, writing for Raw, described it as "an album full of generally good songs that rarely sinks below the level of adequacy, but only occasionally explodes".[168] The combination of Whitesnake and Steve Vai was also met with some criticism, with Thom Jurek, in a retrospective review for AllMusic, describing the pairing as "questionable".[169] Coverdale himself would later admit to having mixed feelings about the record, though he's since learned to enjoy and accept it as a part of Whitesnake's catalogue.[156] Slip of the Tongue sold approximately four million copies worldwide. As the previous record sold more than twice that in the US alone, Slip of the Tongue was considered a commercial disappointment.[162]

In February 1990, Whitesnake embarked on the Liquor & Poker World Tour, during which the band headlined the Monsters of Rock festival at Castle Donington for a second time.[170] The final tour date was on 26 September 1990 at the Budokan in Tokyo.[68][171] After the show, Coverdale informed the rest of the band that he would be taking an extended break, effectively disbanding Whitesnake. He encouraged the band members to accept any outside offers for work. Coverdale's decision to put Whitsnake on hold was largely due to exhaustion. Despite the success Whitesnake had achieved, he described feeling unfulfilled and in need of time to "take stock and review" to see if he still wanted to continue. At the same time, Coverdale was in the middle of divorce proceedings with Tawny Kitaen.[68] After Whitesnake disbanded, Steve Vai continued his solo career, having already released his second solo album while on tour with Whitesnake.[162] Vandenberg, Sarzo and Aldridge would go to form the band Manic Eden, who released one album in 1994.[86] Coverdale resurfaced in 1993, when he and Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page released an album together.[172]

Greatest Hits and Restless Heart (1994–1997)

On 7 July 1994, EMI and Geffen Records issued a greatest hits compilation from Whitesnake.[173][174] The record proved to be a success, reaching number four on the UK Albums Chart.[175] It would later be certified gold in the UK and platinum in the US.[107][176] Prior to the record's release, Coverdale had been planning a European tour with a "Mad Dogs & Englishmen kind of band".[68] Because of the compilation's success, he was asked by EMI's Rod MacSween to tour as Whitesnake.[68] Though reluctant, Coverdale eventually ageed, seeing this as an opportunity to just have fun and play live.[173][177][178] Adrian Vandenberg agreed to rejoin Whitesnake as he and Coverdale were already working together on new music at the time. He then asked Rudy Sarzo to rejoin as well as they were both still playing in Manic Eden. Sarzo accepted and also recommended Ratt guitarist Warren DeMartini to the band, who agreed to join as well. The line-up was rounded out by keyboardist Paul Mirkovich and drummer Denny Carmassi, the latter of whom had played on the Coverdale–Page album.[179][180]

After completing the Greatest Hits tour, Whitesnake were dropped by Geffen Records.[181] Coverdale then resumed writing with Adrian Vandenberg on what was to be a solo album.[174] Joining them in the studio were Denny Carmassi, as well as bassist Guy Pratt and keyboardist Brett Tuggle.[182] As the record was being finished, EMI demanded it be released under the Whitesnake moniker. Coverdale objected, as he felt the record was sylistically too different from Whitesnake. Eventually a compromise was reached, and Coverdale agreed to release the album under the name "David Coverdale & Whitesnake". As a result of the name change, the guitars and drums on the album were brought up in the mix, something Coverdale later expressed disappointment over.[174] Restless Heart was released on 26 March 1997.[183] It reached number 34 on the UK Albums Chart.[184] It charted in nine additional countries as well, with its highest chart position being in Sweden at number five. The single "Too Many Tears" only reached number 46 on the UK Singles Chart.[185] Restless Heart didn't receive a US release, being available only as an import.[186][187] Rock Hard called the album "nice, but harmless", and ultimately deemed it "a mean disappointment" as potentially the last Whitesnake album.[188] Jerry Ewing, writing for Classic Rock, described it as a "curio" in the band's discography, falling somewhere between a Whitesnake album and a David Coverdale solo record.[189] The supporting tour for Restless Heart was billed as Whitesnake's farewell tour, as Coverdale wanted to explore other musical avenues.[182] Pratt and Tuggle were replaced by Tony Franklin and Derek Hilland, respectively, while Steve Farris was recruited as a second guitarist.[190] Before the start of the tour, Coverdale and Vandenberg played several acoustic shows in Europe and Japan. One of these shows was later released as the live album Starkers in Tokyo.[178] The Restless Heart Farewell Tour began in Europe in September 1997, and ended in South America in December.[182][191]

Reformation and Good to Be Bad (2003–2010)

 
David Coverdale fronting Whitesnake at the 2003 Gods of Metal festival

In October 2002, David Coverdale announced plans to reform Whitesnake to celebrate the band's 25th anniversary in 2003.[192][193] The new line-up was confirmed in December; Coverdale would be joined by drummer Tommy Aldridge, guitarists Doug Aldrich and Reb Beach, as well as bassist Marco Mendoza and keyboardist Timothy Drury.[194] Talks had taken place between Coverdale and John Sykes about a possible reunion, but Coverdale ultimately felt that they had been their "own bosses" too long for a reunion to work.[68] Sykes, meanwhile, claimed that after recommending Mendoza and Aldridge for the band, he never heard back from Coverdale.[87] Adrian Vandenberg was also asked to rejoin, but he declined in order to spend more time with his daughter and focus on his second career as a painter.[195] He's since made numerous guest appearances at the band's concerts.[196][197][198] On 29 January 2003, Whitesnake began a co-headlining tour of the US with the Scorpions.[199][200] Afterwards, the band toured across Europe, playing several shows with Gary Moore in the UK.[201][202] Whitesnake then returned to the US to take part in the Rock Never Stops Tour with Warrant, Kip Winger and Slaughter,[203][204] before embarking on a Japanese tour in September.[205] The reformation was initially planned to last only a few months, but Coverdale ultimately decided to keep the band active.[68] No immediate plans were put in place for a new studio album, with Coverdale citing his dissatisfaction with the music industry as a contributing factor.[206]

Whitesnake continued to tour in late 2004, playing several shows across Europe and the UK.[207] Their London concert at the Hammersmith Apollo in October was also filmed and later released as Live... In the Still of the Night.[208] In April 2005, Whitesnake parted ways with Marco Mendoza, due to scheduling conflicts with Mendoza's other projects.[209] Session musician Uriah Duffy was announced as his replacement the following month.[210] Whitesnake then embarked on another US tour, followed by a South American trek.[211][212] In May 2006, the band played several shows in Japan, which were then followed by festival dates in Europe.[213] Later in August, Whitesnake signed a European recording contract with Steamhammer/SPV. The band then released the live album Live... in the Shadow of the Blues, which contained four new songs written by Coverdale and guitarist Doug Aldrich.[214][215] Coverdale attributed this change of heart over new music to a need for "new meat to bite into" in order keep touring interesting.[174] Preliminary work on a new Whitesnake album began in early 2007, with Coverdale and Aldrich spending considerable time writing together and refining their joint ideas.[216] A release date was originally set for summer 2007,[217] but the album was later pushed back to October 2007 and then May 2008.[218][219] Regarding the delays, Coverdale later stated: "The recording of this album was constantly compromised by interruptions. [...] Also, to be honest, there was no real rush for us to finish the project quickly."[220] In 2007, Whitesnake released a two-disc 20th anniversary edition of their self-titled album.[221] Similar re-releases were also arranged for Slide It In and Slip of the Tongue in 2009.[222] In December 2007, Chris Frazier was announced as Whitesnake's new drummer. Tommy Aldridge reportedly left to pursue "alternate musical adventures".[223]

Good to Be Bad, Whitesnake's tenth studio album, was released on 18 April 2008 in Germany, 21 April in the rest of Europe, and on 22 April in North America.[224] Produced by Coverdale, Aldrich and Michael McIntyre,[225] the record reached number seven on the UK Albums Chart and charted in 17 additional countries.[226] In the US, it only reached number 62 on the Billboard 200,[227] but it did peak at number eight on the Top Independent Albums chart.[228] Since its release, Good to Be Bad has sold over 700,000 copies worldwide.[229] Writing for IGN, Jim Kaz gave the album a favourable review, in which he stated: "A few faux-pa's aside Good to Be Bad has enough shining, mega-rock moments to endear itself to fans old and new."[230] It later received the Classic Rock Award for "Album of the Year".[231] The record was preceded by several shows in Australia and New Zealand,[232][233] after which Whitesnake toured South America, followed by a UK co-headlining tour with Def Leppard.[234][235] They also played select shows together in Central Europe.[236][237] In October, Whitesnake teamed up with Def Leppard again for two co-headlining shows in Japan.[238] The following November, Whitesnake played several shows in Germany with Alice Cooper.[239] The band also performed in Israel and Cyprus.[240][241] Following several European festival dates, Whitesnake embarked on a US co-headlining tour with Judas Priest in July 2009.[242][243] However, on 11 August, Whitesnake were forced to cut their concert in Denver short, after Coverdale experienced severe pain in his vocal cords. After consulting a specialist, he was revealed to be suffering from severe vocal fold edema and a left vocal fold vascular lesion. As a result, Whitesnake canceled their remaining tour dates.[244]

Forevermore and The Purple Album (2010–2018)

The band then took a break from touring in 2010 to concentrate on writing a new album.[245] They also signed a new recording contract with Frontiers Records.[246] In June, Uriah Duffy and Chris Frazier left Whitesnake, with latter being replaced by former Billy Idol and Foreigner drummer Brian Tichy.[247] Michael Devin, formerly of Lynch Mob, was revealed as the band's new bassist the following August.[248] In September, Timothy Drury announced his departure to pursue a solo career.[249] Forevermore, Whitesnake's eleventh studio album, was released on 25 March 2011 in Europe, followed by a North American release on 29 March. Once again produced by Coverdale, Aldrich and Michael McIntyre at Lake Tahoe,[250] Forevermore reached number 33 on the UK Albums Chart,[251] and number 49 on the Billboard 200.[252] On the Independent Albums chart it peaked at number ten.[253] The record's highest chart position was in Sweden at number six.[254] As of May 2015, Forevermore has sold 44,000 copies in the US.[255] Thom Jurek of AllMusic gave the album a positive review, in which he proclaimed: "Forevermore, despite its tighter arrangements and more polished production is Whitesnake at its Brit hard rock best."[256] A supporting tour kicked off in New York on 11 May 2011.[257] After several dates in the US, the tour continued across Europe.[258] During the band's performance at the Sweden Rock Festival, they were joined onstage by former guitarist Bernie Marsden.[259] In October, Whitesnake played the Loud Park festival in Japan.[260] On the tour, the band were accompanied by keyboardist Brian Ruedy.[261] That year, Whitesnake also released a live recording of their 1990 Monster of Rock concert at Castle Donington.[262]

 
Whitesnake at the end of a concert in San Francisco, 2013

Whitesnake took another hiatus in 2012 to compile live recordings from the Forevermore tour,[263] which were released the following year with Made in Japan and Made in Britain/The World Record.[264][265] In January 2013, Brian Tichy announced his departure from Whitesnake, in order to concentrate on his other band S.U.N.[266] He was replaced by Tommy Aldridge, who rejoined the band for a second time.[267] That May, Whitesnake embarked on a UK co-headlining tour with Journey, followed by several dates in Europe.[268][269] During the band's performance in Manchester, they were once again joined onstage by Bernie Marsden.[270] In June, Whitesnake played several co-headlining dates with Def Leppard in Spain.[271] Following a North American tour, Whitesnake played Brazil at the Monsters of Rock festival in October.[272] In May 2014, Doug Aldrich announced his departure from the band. He later explained his decision to leave, citing a need for a more flexible schedule to work on other projects and spend more time with his son.[273][274] Night Ranger guitarist Joel Hoekstra was announced as his replacement the following August.[275] In November, Whitesnake released Live in '84 - Back To The Bone, a collection of live recordings from the Slide It In tour.[276]

Whitesnake released their twelfth studio album, titled The Purple Album, on 15 May 2015 in Europe, followed by a North American release on 19 May.[277] A collection of re-recorded songs from Coverdale's time in Deep Purple, the idea sprang from talks he and Jon Lord had about a possible Mark III reunion a few years earlier. After Lord's death in 2012, Coverdale discussed the idea with Ritchie Blackmore, but they were unable to come to an agreement on the nature of the undertaking. Coverdale then decided to move forward with the project under the Whitesnake banner. He described the resulting record as a tribute to his time in Deep Purple.[278] The album reached number 18 on the UK Albums Chart,[279] while in the US it peaked at number 87.[280] On the Independent Albums chart it reached number nine.[281] In its first week, the record sold 6,900 copies in the US.[282] The Purple Album polarized critics. The Associated Press commended the band for breathing new life into the songs,[283] while Dave Everley of Classic Rock called the record a "wrong-headed travesty of an album".[284] Responding to the criticism, Coverdale proclaiming: "I've no space in my life for haters or negaters. [...] I owe those people nothing. Such opinions mean nothing to me."[285] The Purple Album had been envisioned by Coverdale as potentially his last album before retiring. However, the process left him "revitalised" and eager to continue further.[286]

Whitesnake kicked off the North American leg of The Purple Tour in May 2015.[277] Joining the band was new keyboardist Michele Luppi.[287] At a show in California, they were joined onstage by Coverdale's former Deep Purple bandmate Glenn Hughes.[288] In December, Whitesnake teamed up with Def Leppard for tour of the UK and Ireland.[289] In Sheffield, Whitesnake were joined onstage by former guitarist Vivian Campbell (who has been a member of Def Leppard since 1992).[290] In 2016, the band embarked on the Greatest Hits Tour, which saw them perform across Europe and the US.[291] Before the tour, Coverdale revealed his plans to potentially retire in 2017,[292] though he later recanted the statement.[293] In August 2017, Whitesnake signed a new distribution deal for North America and Japan with Rhino Entertainment and Warner Music Group. Tentative plans to release a new album the following year were also announced.[294] In October 2017, Whitesnake's self-titled album was reissued as a four-disc box set to commemorate its 30th anniversary.[295] The band had planned a joint tour where they would have played the album in its entirety, but instead opted to take a break and focus on writing a new album.[296] In December, a photography book chronicling The Purple Tour was released, followed by a live album in January.[297][298] In 2018, Whitesnake toured the US with Foreigner on the Juke Box Heroes Tour,[299] and released the box set Unzipped, which featured various acoustic recordings from the band's career.[300]

Flesh & Blood (2019–present)

Whitesnake thirteenth studio album was originally set for release in early 2018,[301] but was pushed back after Coverdale contracted H3 flu.[302] In April 2018, the record was delayed again to early 2019 due to unspecified "technical issues" during the mixing process.[302] That year, Coverdale also had knee replacement surgery due to degenerative arthritis.[303] However, he later reiterated his plans not to retire, stating that he feels "reinvigorated, energized and very inspired".[304]

 
David Coverdale performing with Whitesnake in Saint Petersburg, 2019

Flesh & Blood was released on 10 May 2019. The record saw Coverdale writing with Reb Beach and Joel Hoekstra for the first time, while production was handle by all three of them along with Michael McIntyre.[305] Flesh & Blood charted in eighteen countries, reaching number seven and number 131 in the UK and the US, respectively.[306][307] On the Independent Albums chart, it hit number five.[308] Philip Wilding, writing for Classic Rock, gave the record a positive review, in which he stated: "If you want something to listen to while driving with the top down in some steamy Californian clime, then this Whitesnake is hard to beat."[309] The band embarked on a supporting tour in April with dates in North America, followed by a European tour over the summer.[305][310] Whitesnake also released new multi-disc reissues of Slide It In and Slip of the Tongue in March and December, respectively.[311][312] In September, Coverdale once again discussed the possibility of retiring, potentially in 2021, though he later clarified: "I just thought it was amusing to say, 'Oh, what better age for the lead singer of Whitesnake [to retire] than 69? I can't wait to design the t-shirts.' That was just fun."[313]

Whitesnake were scheduled to tour Australia and New Zealand with the Scorpions in February 2020, but many of the shows had to be cancelled after Scorpions vocalist Klaus Meine was diagnosed with kidney stones.[314][315] Whitesnake's Japanese tour in March was also postponed due to the coronavirus outbreak.[316] Whitesnake later canceled all their remaining tour dates for 2020 when Coverdale was diagnosed with a bilateral inguinal hernia, for which he was forced to undergo surgery.[317][318] Later that year, Coverdale revealed plans to release three new musically distinct compilation albums, collectively titled the "Red, White and Blues" trilogy.[319] The collections were originally timed to coincide with a potential farewell tour, which has since been postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[320] Coverdale later reaffirmed his plan to retire from touring potentially in 2022, citing his age and the stress of travel as contributing factors. However, he still intends to be involved in music, with several Whitesnake projects in the works.[321]

Style and influences

Music

David Coverdale's original vision for Whitesnake was to create a "hard rock, blues-based, melodic rock band with soul".[25] He wanted to combine elements of hard rock, R&B and blues with "good commercial hooks".[322] Coverdale's earliest influences included The Pretty Things and The Yardbirds, who combined blues and soul with electrified rock, a style Coverdale found more appealing to traditional twelve-bar blues structures. Another major influence on Whitesnake's sound was The Allman Brothers Band, particularly their first album.[68] Whitesnake's other early influences include Cream, Mountain, the Jimi Hendrix Experience, Fleetwood Mac with Peter Green, Jeff Beck (particularly the albums Truth and Beck-Ola), Paul Butterfield, and John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers (particularly The Beano Album)[25] As the band began playing and writing together, their sound developed further into what has been described as their blues rock period, which encompasses roughly the first five Whitesnake studio albums.[25][323] Rolling Stone's Richard Bienstock described this early sound as "bloozy, sexed-up pub-rock".[4] Micky Moody and Neil Murray have felt that Whitesnake didn't truly find their sound until Ready an' Willing.[324] Coverdale has seconded this, stating that Ready an' Willing was the beginning of what Whitesnake should have sounded like from the start.[325] Songs from this "blues rock era" have been largely ignored on the band's later compilation albums and live shows. In 2020, Coverdale revealed that the rights to those albums belong to the estate of Whitesnake's former manager.[326]

Beginning with Slide It In, Whitesnake's sound developed more into hard rock, with Coverdale explaining: "I wanted the blues element in the band's identity to 'rock' more."[25][327] Neil Murray would later attribute this shift partially to John Kalodner, who began pushing Whitesnake in a heavier, more guitar-based, "American-sounding" direction.[120] John Sykes also played a pivotal role in Whitesnake's evolution,[123][328] with Murray remarking how Sykes "wanted the band to be more American style".[329] The band's self-titled album saw Whitesnake moving towards a sound Coverdale described as "leaner, meaner and more electrifying".[119] This later period of Whitesnake's career has been described as hard rock,[330] heavy metal,[331] and glam metal.[332] Coverdale would later admit that by the late 1980s, Whitesnake had become a "heavy metal comic", stating: "If people confuse Whitesnake with Mötley Crüe or any of these things, looking at the pictures [...] you can undestand why."[333] Musically though, Coverdale has rejected the notion that Whitesnake were ever a heavy metal band, stating: "I've never embraced that label on my music, other than I'm really loud. All of my songs have emotional and physical content. It has nothing to do with the emotionless metal."[334]

Comparisons to Led Zeppelin

As Whitesnake's style evolved in the mid to late 1980s, they began to draw unfavourable comparisons to Led Zeppelin. Tracks like "Slow an' Easy", "Still of the Night" and "Judgement Day" have been accused of copying Led Zeppelin,[337][338] while David Coverdale has been accused of imitating singer Robert Plant.[172][339] This comparison was exacerbated when Coverdale teamed up with Led Zeppelin guitarist Jimmy Page to release the album Coverdale–Page in 1993. In the press, Plant would refer to Coverdale as "David Cover-version".[172] Coverdale denied any notion of plagiarism, stating: "I don't know how accurate the comparison is. People shouldn't forget that I worked in Deep Purple for a number of years, so my pedigree in hard rock is quite strong. I understand that bands like Whitesnake, Purple and Led Zeppelin all play a solid powerful brand of rock, but I don't think we're coming from the same place musically."[144] Neil Murray laid some of the blame on John Kalodner, who he claimed began pushing Whitesnake in a more Led Zeppelin-like direction.[340]

Lyrics

Coverdale has stated that lyrically all of his songs are love songs at their core, "whether they're chest-beating Tarzan performances or whispered intimacies."[341] He has described them as diaries of particular times in his life.[342] Nearly all of Whitesnake's studio albums feature one or more songs with "love" in the title. Coverdale has maintained that this hasn't been a conscious decision, rather he considers love his "primary inspiration".[343] He has also attributed some of Whitesnake's longevity to the lyrics' "human themes", whether physical or emotional.[344]

Whitesnake have been heavily criticized by the music press for their excessive use of double entendres and sexual innuendos, most egregiously on tracks such as "Slide It In" and "Slow an' Easy".[99] Micky Moody, Bernie Marsden and Jon Lord have expressed some discomfort over the band's lyrical content. In response, Coverdale jokingly stated: "Hey, I never said I was Billy Shakespeare, mate!"[333] Coverdale has reiterated that some of his lyrics are meant to provoke laughter more than anything else, stating: "If I look at sex as an observer [...] there's humour also as well as the serious nitty-gritty stuff and I like to write about this as well." He also added that many of his songs are tongue-in-cheek and inspired by his own experiences, not uncommon to other people as well.[345] Coverdale has repeatedly denied any accusations of misogyny or sexism, stating that: "There's not a misogynist bone in my body."[346] Marsden conceded that while many of Coverdale's lyrics are not entirely politically correct in a contemporary setting, they were written "completely tongue-in-cheek" and are more a product of a bygone era.[39]

Band members

Current members

  • David Coverdale – lead vocals (1978–1990, 1994, 1997, 2003–present)
  • Tommy Aldridge – drums (1987–1990, 2003–2007, 2013–present)
  • Reb Beach – guitars, backing vocals (2003–present)
  • Michael Devin – bass, harmonica, backing vocals (2010–present)
  • Joel Hoekstra – guitars, backing vocals (2014–present)
  • Michele Luppi – keyboards, backing vocals (2015–present)

Discography

Studio albums

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ "Ep. 036 | 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock - Hour 1 | The Greatest | Episode Summary, Highlights, and Recaps". VH1.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  2. ^ Hicks, Tony; Harrington, Jim (21 September 2015). "Top 25 Hard Rock acts of all time: Where does your favorite rank?". The Mercury News. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  3. ^ "VH1: 100 Greatest Songs of the 80's". Rock on the Net. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b Beaujour, Tom; Bienstock, Richard; Eddy, Chuck; Fischer, Reed; Grow, Kory; Johnston, Maura; Weingarten, Christopher R. (31 August 2019). "50 Greatest Hair Metal Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Readers' Poll: The Best Hair Metal Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  6. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 17.
  7. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 22.
  8. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 14, 16, 19.
  9. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 15.
  10. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 23–24.
  11. ^ a b c "Early Years Part 1". Whitesnake Official Site. 4 January 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  12. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 27–28.
  13. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 24.
  14. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 26.
  15. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 27.
  16. ^ a b "Whitesnake - Track By Track - Ain't No Love In The Heart Of The City". Whitesnake TV. 19 December 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2021 – via YouTube.
  17. ^ "40 Years Ago Today – Whitesnake's First Show". Whitesnake Official Site. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  18. ^ a b "When Whitesnake Played Their First Concert". Ultimate Classic Rock. 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  19. ^ a b Popoff 2015, p. 29.
  20. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 14.
  21. ^ a b c d e Barton, Geoff (2006). Trouble (booklet). Whitesnake. EMI. pp. 2–11. 0946 3 59688 2 8.
  22. ^ a b Oliver, Derek (March 2011). "Life on Mars". Classic Rock presents: Whitesnake - Forevermore (The Official Album Magazine). London, England: Future plc. pp. 72–77.
  23. ^ "Whitesnake named after singer's penis". Metro. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  24. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 29–30.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Barton, Geoff (1 October 2019). "Whitesnake: "The Coverdale I recall was a vain, preposterous oaf"". Louder. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  26. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 75: 18 June 1978 - 24 June 1978". Official Charts. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  27. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 30.
  28. ^ a b Popoff 2015, p. 35.
  29. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 36.
  30. ^ "Deep Purple People". Rock Family Trees. BBC 2. 8 July 1995. Retrieved 21 February 2021 – via YouTube.
  31. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 60: 12 November 1978 - 18 November 1978". Official Charts. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  32. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Whitesnake - Trouble review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  33. ^ a b Popoff 2015, p. 41.
  34. ^ Dome, Malcolm (23 November 2014). "When Whitesnake met the Hammersmith Choir". Louder. Classic Rock. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  35. ^ a b Barton, Geoff (2006). Live... in the Heart of the City (booklet). Whitesnake. EMI. pp. 4–13. 0946 3 81959 2 4.
  36. ^ a b c Barton, Geoff (2006). Lovehunter (booklet). Whitesnake. EMI. pp. 4–13. 50999 2124042 3.
  37. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 57.
  38. ^ a b c d e Barton, Geoff (2006). Ready an' Willing (booklet). Whitesnake. EMI. pp. 2–9. 0946 359692 2 1.
  39. ^ a b c d e Ling, Dave (14 August 2019). "Whitesnake's Lovehunter: the album that inflamed the music press". Louder. Classic Rock. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  40. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 55.
  41. ^ a b c "Early Years Part 2". Whitesnake Official Site. 4 January 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  42. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 75: 10 October 1979 - 13 October 1979". Official Charts. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  43. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Whitesnake - Lovehunter review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  44. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 58.
  45. ^ "Ready An' Willing Album Anniversary!". Whitesnake Official Site. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  46. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 75: 08 June 1980 - 14 June 1980". Official Charts. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  47. ^ "Billboard 200 - The Week of September 20, 1980". Billboard. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  48. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 75: 18 May 1980 - 24 May 1980". Official Charts. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  49. ^ "The Hot 100 - The Week of September 13, 1980". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  50. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Whitesnake - Ready an' Willing review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  51. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 72.
  52. ^ "Whitenake - Ready And Willing". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  53. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 73.
  54. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 75: 02 November 1980 - 08 November 1980". Official Charts. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  55. ^ "Whitenake - Live In The Heart Of The City". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  56. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 75.
  57. ^ a b c Barton, Geoff (2007). Come an' Get It (booklet). Whitesnake. EMI. pp. 4–11. 0946 3 81958 2 5.
  58. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 75: 12 April 1981 - 18 April 1981". Official Charts. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  59. ^ "Whitenake - Come And Get It". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  60. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 75: 03 May 1981 - 09 May 1981". Official Charts. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  61. ^ "Iron Maiden - Killers (Harvest) & Whitesnake - Come an' Get It (Mirage)". Circus. New York City, New York, United States: Circus Enterprises Corporation. 31 August 1981.
  62. ^ a b c Popoff 2015, p. 86.
  63. ^ Millar, Robbi (September 1981). "Year of the Snake". Kerrang!. No. 3. London, England: United Newspapers. pp. 10–11.
  64. ^ a b c d e f g Barton, Geoff (2007). Saints & Sinners (booklet). Whitesnake. EMI. pp. 4–11. 0946 381961 2 9.
  65. ^ a b c d e Myhre, Stig (1997). "Whitesnake: The Last Hurrah". Hard Roxx. No. 34. London, England. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  66. ^ a b c d Bonutto, Dante (2–15 December 1982). "Snake Charmer". Kerrang!. No. 30. London, England: United Newspapers. pp. 22–27, 37.
  67. ^ a b c Marsden, Bernie (21 November 2019). "Bernie Marsden: What happened the day I left Whitesnake". Louder. Classic Rock. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  68. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Chirazi, Steffan (March 2011). "David Coverdale Q&A". Classic Rock presents: Whitesnake - Forevermore (The Official Album Magazine). London, England: Future plc. pp. 10–24. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  69. ^ "Glam". Metal Evolution. VH1 Classic. 17 December 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2021 – via YouTube.
  70. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 21 November 1982 - 27 November 1982". Official Charts. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  71. ^ "Whitenake - Saints 'N' Sinners". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  72. ^ de Whalley, Chas (2–15 December 1982). "Whitesnake - 'Saints And Sinners' (Liberty LBG 30354)". Kerrang!. No. 30. London, England: United Newspapers. p. 14.
  73. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Whitesnake - Saints & Sinners review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  74. ^ a b Popoff 2015, p. 104.
  75. ^ "Mayhem!". Kerrang!. No. 28. London, England: United Newspapers. 4–17 November 1982. p. 10.
  76. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 105.
  77. ^ Crampton, Luke (18 November – 2 December 1982). "Hatchet Job!". Kerrang!. No. 29. London, England: United Newspapers. p. 34.
  78. ^ a b c d Gilmour, Hugh (2017). Slide It In (booklet). Whitesnake. EMI. pp. 4–11. 50999 698122 2 4.
  79. ^ "Early Years Part 3". Whitesnake Official Site. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  80. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 106.
  81. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 109.
  82. ^ "Mayhem!". Kerrang!. No. 52. London, England: United Newspapers. 6–19 October 1983. p. 2.
  83. ^ "Guitarist Micky Moody Discusses His Departure From Whitesnake". Blabbermouth.net. 20 November 2009. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  84. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 108.
  85. ^ "Michael Schenker Says He 'Tried' Collaborating With David Coverdale In Early 1980s: 'I Didn't Really Want To Do It'". Blabbermouth.net. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  86. ^ a b c d e Chirazi, Steffan (March 2011). "Tall Cool One". Classic Rock presents Whitesnake - Forevermore (The Official Album Magazine). London, England: Future plc. pp. 88 –&#32, 91.
  87. ^ a b Syrjälä, Marko (7 September 2008). "JOHN SYKES - Thin Lizzy, ex-Whitesnake, Blue Murder, Tygers of Pan Tang". Metal-Rules.com. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  88. ^ "June 1999 Interview with Tony Nobles from Vintage Guitar magazine". The Official Website of Guitarist John Sykes. 27 March 2008. Archived from the original on 27 March 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  89. ^ "New Skins for Old". Kerrang!. No. 59. London, England: United Newspapers. 12–25 January 1984. p. 2.
  90. ^ "Heavy London Special". Metal Hammer. No. 1. Berlin, Germany: ZAG Zeitschriften-Verlag. 1984. p. 26.
  91. ^ Sinclair, David (26 January – 8 February 1984). "Band of Gypsies". Kerrang!. No. 60. London, England: United Newspapers. pp. 26–27.
  92. ^ "Deep Purple - Heavy Metal Pioneers". Warner Music Vision. Retrieved 12 March 2021 – via YouTube.
  93. ^ "Slither Hither". Sounds. London, England: Spotlight Publications. 14 January 1984. p. 3.
  94. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 5 February 1984 - 11 February 1984". Official Charts. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  95. ^ Pennanen 2006, p. 263.
  96. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 111.
  97. ^ a b c d Elliott, Paul (March 2011). "Slide It In (Liberty)". Classic Rock presents Whitesnake - Forevermore (The Official Album Magazine). London, England: Future plc. p. 117.
  98. ^ Dickson, Dave (9–22 February 1984). "Whitesnake - 'Slide It In' (Liberty LBG 2400001)". Kerrang!. No. 61. London, England: United Newspapers. p. 10.
  99. ^ a b Reid, Jim (18 February 1984). "Snake Sexcess". Record Mirror. London, England: United Newspapers.
  100. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Whitesnake - Slide It In review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  101. ^ Dome, Malcolm (9–22 February 1984). "John Sykes". Kerrang!. No. 61. London, England: United Newspapers.
  102. ^ "News". Metal Hammer. No. 6. Berlin, Germany: ZAG Zeitschriften-Verlag. July–August 1984. p. 4.
  103. ^ Perrone, Pierre (23 October 2011). "Obituaries: Mel Galley - Guitarist with Whitesnake". Independent. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  104. ^ Menge, Timon; Leim, Christof (12 April 2019). "Zeitsprung: Am 16.4.1984 erscheint "Slide It In" von Whitesnake". uDiscover (in German). Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  105. ^ "Early Years Part 4". Whitesnake Official Site. 1 January 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  106. ^ "Billboard 200 - The Week of August 25, 1984". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  107. ^ a b c d "RIAA Searchable Database: search for Whitesnake". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  108. ^ Bishop, Pete (26 August 1984). "Whitesnake's Experience Pays Off with New Album". The Pittsburg Press. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
  109. ^ a b Wall, Mick (March 2011). "Million Dollar Reload". Classic Rock presents Whitesnake - Forevermore (The Official Album Magazine). London, England: Future plc. pp. 80–85.
  110. ^ "David Coverdale discussing the forthcoming 1984 Japanese Tour with Whitesnake". Deep Purple Official. Retrieved 10 February 2021 – via YouTube.
  111. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 154.
  112. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 122.
  113. ^ "Mainstream Rock Airplay - The Week of July 28, 1984". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  114. ^ "Mainstream Rock Airplay - The Week of September 15, 1984". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  115. ^ Hotten, Jon (June 2001). "Year of the Snake". Classic Rock. No. 28. London, England: Future plc. p. 29.
  116. ^ a b c d Gilmour, Hugh (2017). Whitesnake (booklet). Whitesnake. Parlophone Records Ltd. pp. 5–9. 0190295785192.
  117. ^ a b c d e Gilmour, Hugh (2007). Whitesnake (booklet). Whitesnake. Parlophone Records Ltd. pp. 5–18. 0825646120680.
  118. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 125 – 126.
  119. ^ a b Lawson, Dom (29 July 2009). "Whitesnake: The Story Behind 1987". Louder. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  120. ^ a b Popoff 2015, pp. 143.
  121. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 138–139.
  122. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 128 – 129.
  123. ^ a b c Dome, Malcolm (June–July 2017). "John Sykes - Strife in the Studio". Rock Candy. No. 2. London, England: Rock Candy Magazine Limited. pp. 36–39.
  124. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 135.
  125. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 131 – 132.
  126. ^ Bonutto, Dante (16–29 April 1987). "All White On the Night". Kerrang!. No. 144. London, England: United Newspapers. pp. 21 –&#32, 23.
  127. ^ "ADRIAN VANDENBERG Talks Being Invited To Join Whitesnake By David Coverdale - "We Had Instant Chemistry On A Personal Level; I Knew We Were Going To Work Together Sooner Or Later"". BraveWords. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  128. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 137.
  129. ^ Catania, Andrew (28 May 2017). "Vivian Campbell: "I Was Fired From Dio And The Dio Disciples Are A Tribute Band!"". All That Shreds Magazine. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  130. ^ Chirazi, Stefan (27 July – 5 August 1987). "Supergroup '87". Kerrang!. No. 151. London, England: United Newspapers. pp. 52, 54–55.
  131. ^ a b c Lach, Stef (7 December 2015). "Viv Campbell 'never gelled' with Whitesnake". Louder. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  132. ^ a b c Dome, Malcolm (6 July 2016). "How Whitesnake conquered America". Louder. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  133. ^ "Whitesnake '87 Track by Track - Here I Go Again 87". Whitesnake TV. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2021 – via YouTube.
  134. ^ a b Putterford, Mark (5–18 March 1987). "Whitesnake - 'Whitesnake' (Liberty pre-release tape)". Kerrang!. No. 141. London, England: United Newspapers.
  135. ^ "The 1987 Album – Happy 30th!". Whitesnake Official Site. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  136. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 5 April 1987 - 11 April 1987". Official Charts. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  137. ^ "Billboard 200 - The Week of June 13, 1987". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  138. ^ "The Hot 100 - The Week of October 10, 1987". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  139. ^ "The Hot 100 - The Week of December 19, 1987". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  140. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100: 28 June 1987 - 4 July 1987". Official Charts. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  141. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100: 22 November 1987 - 28 November 1987". Official Charts. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  142. ^ a b Considine, J. D. (18 June 1987). "Album Reviews: Whitesnake - Whitesnake". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 June 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  143. ^ Huey, Steve. "Whitesnake - Whitesnake review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  144. ^ a b Popoff 2015, pp. 141–142.
  145. ^ Schneider, Mitchell (7 October 1987). "Whitesnake to "Shake, Rattle and Roll Across America"; Launch headlining arena tour on October 30, as the 'Whitesnake' album goes triple platinum and "Here I Go Again" goes #1" (Press release). Los Angeles, California, United States: Levine/Schneider Public Relations.
  146. ^ "News". Metal Hammer. Vol. 5 no. 7. Berlin, Germany: ZAG Zeitschriften-Verlag. 1988. p. 7.
  147. ^ Welch, Chris (11–26 December 1989). "David Coverdale - A Touch of Snake Bite as David Says 'Up Yours Critics!'". Metal Hammer. Vol. 4 no. 24. London, England: Rock Team Publishing and Productions Ltd. pp. 10–13.
  148. ^ "Whitesnake". Brits.co.uk. 19 February 2014. Archived from the original on 20 September 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  149. ^ "15th American Music Awards". Rock on the Net. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  150. ^ Nalbersberg, Elianne (28 October 1989). "Tales of the Tongue". Kerrang!. No. 262. London, England: United Newspapers. pp. 56–58.
  151. ^ a b c "Whitesnake's Adrian: Denies All Rumours". Metal Hammer. Vol. 4 no. 13. London, England: Rock Team Publishing and Productions Ltd. 10 July 1989. pp. 78–80.
  152. ^ Galotta, Paul (31 March 1989). "Whitesnake Lighten Up". Circus. New York City, New York, United States: Circus Enterprises Corporation. p. 26.
  153. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 167 – 168.
  154. ^ Dome, Malcolm (11–24 January 1989). "Whitesnake Get Fair Warning". Raw. No. 10. London, England: EMAP Publishing Limited. p. 6.
  155. ^ "'Snake Studio Change". Raw. No. 11. London, England: EMAP Publishing Limited. 25 January – 7 February 1989. p. 6.
  156. ^ a b c d e f Coverdale, David (2009). Slip of the Tongue (booklet). Whitesnake. Parlophone Records Ltd. pp. 4–15. 5099969812422.
  157. ^ Dome, Malcolm (19 April 1989). "Vai Dons a New 'Snakeskin - Roth Guitarist Throws in His Lot with Coverdale". Raw. No. 17. London, England: EMAP Publishing Limited. p. 6.
  158. ^ Bonutto, Dante (29 November – 12 December 1989). "'It's a Man's World in Whitesnake...'". Raw. No. 33. London, England: EMAP Publishing Limited. p. 26–28.
  159. ^ Schneider, Mitchell (4 October 1989). "Whitesnake's much-anticipated 'Slip of the Tongue' due out November 7, first single, "Fool for Your Loving", is out October 17" (Press release). Los Angeles, California, United States: Levine/Schneider Public Relations.
  160. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 75: 19 November 1989 - 25 November 1989". Official Charts. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  161. ^ "Billboard 200 - The Week of December 16, 1989". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  162. ^ a b c d Wall, Mick (18 August 1990). "Rockin' in the Shadow of the Blues". Kerrang!. No. 303. London, England: United Newspapers. pp. 16–20.
  163. ^ Stroud, Graeme (3 September 2019). "David Coverdale". Velvet Thunder. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  164. ^ "The Hot 100 - The Week of December 23, 1989". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  165. ^ "Mainstream Rock Airplay - The Week of November 25, 1989". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  166. ^ "The Hot 100 - The Week of March 17, 1990". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  167. ^ "Mainstream Rock Airplay - The Week of March 10, 1990". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  168. ^ Dome, Malcolm (15–28 November 1989). "Whitesnake - 'Slip of the Tongue' (EMI EMD 1013)". Raw. No. 32. London, England: EMAP Publishing Limited. p. 42.
  169. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Whitesnake - Slip of the Tongue review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  170. ^ "Snakin' Up". Metal Hammer. Vol. 6 no. 23. Berlin, Germany: ZAG Zeitschriften-Verlag. 1989. p. 6.
  171. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 198.
  172. ^ a b c Greene, Andy (7 July 2016). "Flashback: The Short-Lived Coverdale/Page Play 'Black Dog'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  173. ^ a b Schöwe, Andreas (1994). "Dave Is On The Road Again...". Metal Hammer. Vol. 11 no. 8. Berlin, Germany: ZAG Zeitschriften-Verlag. pp. 108–109.
  174. ^ a b c d O'Neill, Eamon. "David Coverdale Whitesnake Eonmusic Interview October 2020 Part 1". Eonmusic. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  175. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 10 July 1994 - 16 July 1994". Official Charts. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  176. ^ "Whitenake - Greatest Hits". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  177. ^ Simmons, Sylvie (7 May 1994). "Whitesnake: Back in 1994!". Kerrang!. No. 493. London, England: United Newspapers. p. 11.
  178. ^ a b McNeice, Andrew J. "David Coverdale - Into the Light Interview". MelodicRock. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  179. ^ Rees, Paul (9 July 1994). "Mr Snake's Wild Ride!". Kerrang!. No. 502. London, England: United Newspapers. p. 38.
  180. ^ "Headbangers Ball - Whitesnake Interview at Via Rock 1994". MTV. Retrieved 3 March 2021 – via YouTube.
  181. ^ "Jurassic Rock!". Kerrang!. No. 526. London, England: United Newspapers. 24 December 1994. p. 44.
  182. ^ a b c "Too Old to Rock and Roll - Too Young to Die?". Metal Hammer. Vol. 14 no. 7. Berlin, Germany: ZAG Zeitschriften-Verlag. 1997. pp. 126–127.
  183. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 227.
  184. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 15 June 1997 - 21 June 1997". Official Charts. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  185. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100: 1 June 1997 - 7 June 1997". Official Charts. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  186. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 203.
  187. ^ Prato, Greg. "Whitesnake - Restless Heart review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  188. ^ "Whitesnake - Restless Heart". Rock Hard. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  189. ^ Ewing, Jerry (March 2011). "Restless Heart (EMI)". Classic Rock presents Whitesnake - Forevermore (The Official Album Magazine). London, England: Future plc. p. 124.
  190. ^ Joule, Stephen (July 1997). Whitesnake - Restless Heart World Tour (Booklet). London, England: Whitesnake Tours Inc.
  191. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 209.
  192. ^ "Whitesnake To Tour In 2003". Blabbermouth.net. 3 October 2002. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  193. ^ "David Coverdale: 'The Whitesnake Choir Is Alive And Well'". Blabbermouth.net. 21 August 2003. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  194. ^ "Whitesnake 2003 Lineup Confirmed!". Blabbermouth.net. 15 December 2002. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  195. ^ "Vandenberg: I wanted to make an album that if I was a fan of the band or a fan of rock music in general I would buy it…". Rockpages.gr. 2 June 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  196. ^ "Whitesnake Performing With Adrian Vandenberg At Arrow Rock Festival; Video Available". Blabbermouth.net. 2 September 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  197. ^ "Whitesnake: Fan-Filmed Video Footage Of Entire Tilburg Concert". Blabbermouth.net. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  198. ^ "Whitesnake Rejoined By Guitarist Adrian Vandenberg At Tilburg Concert (Video)". Blabbermouth.net. 12 August 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  199. ^ "the Scorpions, Whitesnake, Dokken: More Tour Dates Announced!". Blabbermouth.net. 16 December 2002. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  200. ^ "Whitesnake Mainman Speaks Out On Reunion Tour". Blabbermouth.net. 17 December 2002. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  201. ^ "Whitesnake: European Tour Dates Released". Blabbermouth.net. 17 February 2003. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  202. ^ "Whitesnake, Gary Moore To Team Up For Monsters Of Rock 2003 U.K. Tour". Blabbermouth.net. 4 February 2003. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  203. ^ "Whitesnake, Warrant, Winger, Slaughter To Team Up For Rock Never Stops 2003". Blabbermouth.net. 5 May 2003. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  204. ^ "Whitesnake Frontman Defends Decision To Join Rock Never Stops Tour". Blabbermouth.net. 7 May 2003. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  205. ^ "Whitesnake To Tour Japan In September". Blabbermouth.net. 27 June 2003. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  206. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale: No Immediate Plans For A New Studio Album". Blabbermouth.net. 5 January 2003. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  207. ^ "Whitesnake: More European Tour Dates Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 20 May 2004. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  208. ^ "Whitesnake: London Show To Be Filmed For Upcoming DVD". Blabbermouth.net. 12 October 2004. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  209. ^ "Whitesnake Part Ways With Bassist Marco Mendoza, Seek Replacement". Blabbermouth.net. 12 April 2005. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  210. ^ "Whitesnake Announce New Bassist". Blabbermouth.net. 12 May 2005. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  211. ^ "Whitesnake: More U.S. Tour Dates Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 12 May 2005. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  212. ^ "2005 Interview". Whitesnake Official Site. 12 January 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  213. ^ "Whitesnake To Tour Japan In May". Blabbermouth.net. 4 February 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  214. ^ "Whitesnake To Record New Songs For Upcoming Live Collection". Blabbermouth.net. 4 February 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  215. ^ "Whitesnake Signs European Deal With SPV; New Live Album Due In November". Blabbermouth.net. 3 August 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  216. ^ "Whitesnake Guitarist Discusses Songwriting Process For New Album". Blabbermouth.net. 12 February 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  217. ^ "Whitesnake To Release New Studio Album Next Summer". Blabbermouth.net. 6 December 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  218. ^ "Whitesnake: New Studio Album Tentatively Due In October". Blabbermouth.net. 18 March 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  219. ^ "Whitesnake: New Album Tentatively Due In May". Blabbermouth.net. 13 September 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  220. ^ "Whitesnake Frontman Discusses 'Good To Be Bad'". Blabbermouth.net. 15 February 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  221. ^ "Whitesnake: '1987: 20 Anniversary Collector's Edition' Details Revealed". Blabbermouth.net. 20 March 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  222. ^ "Whitesnake: 'Slip Of The Tongue', 'Slide It In' Anniversary Reissues Detailed". Blabbermouth.net. 22 April 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  223. ^ "Whitesnake Introduce New Drummer, Chris Frazier; Q&A Available". BraveWords. 27 December 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  224. ^ "Whitesnake: 'Good To Be Bad' Limited-Edition Two-Disc Version Detailed". Blabbermouth.net. 13 February 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  225. ^ Ruokangas, Sami (24 April 2008). "Whitesnake: Good To Be Bad". MTV Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  226. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 27 April 2008 - 3 May 2008". Official Charts. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  227. ^ "Billboard 200 - The Week of May 10, 2008". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  228. ^ "Independent Albums - The Week of May 10, 2008". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  229. ^ McIver, Joel (March 2011). "Good to Be Bad (SPV/Steamhammer)". Classic Rock presents Whitesnake - Forevermore (The Official Album Magazine). London, England: Future plc. p. 129.
  230. ^ Kaz, Jim (22 April 2008). "Whitesnake - Good To Be Bad Review". IGN. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  231. ^ Bailey, Charlotte (3 November 2008). "Ozzy Osbourne crowned 'Living Legend' at rock awards". Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  232. ^ "Whitesnake Confirmed For New Zealand's ROCK2WGTN Festival". Blabbermouth.net. 17 December 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  233. ^ "Whitesnake: Australian Dates Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  234. ^ "Whitesnake Guitarist, Singer Explain Santiago Cancellation". Blabbermouth.net. 19 May 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  235. ^ "Def Leppard, Whitesnake To Team Up For UK Tour". Blabbermouth.net. 11 January 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  236. ^ "Def Leppard, Whitesnake To Play Bulgaria In July". Blabbermouth.net. 20 February 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  237. ^ "Whitesnake, Def Leppard To Play Albania In July". Blabbermouth.net. 20 March 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  238. ^ "Def Leppard, Whitesnake To Team Up For Japanese Dates". Blabbermouth.net. 15 May 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  239. ^ "Alice Cooper, Whitesnake To Team Up For German Dates". Blabbermouth.net. 25 June 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  240. ^ "Whitesnake To Perform In Israel Next Month". Blabbermouth.net. 3 October 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  241. ^ "Whitesnake To Perform In Cyprus For First Time". Blabbermouth.net. 8 October 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  242. ^ "Whitesnake: More European Dates Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 17 February 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  243. ^ "Judas Priest To Tour U.S. With Whitesnake". 16 March 2009. 17 February 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  244. ^ "Whitesnake Officially Drops Off Judas Priest Tour". Blabbermouth.net. 12 August 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  245. ^ "Whitesnake: No Touring In 2010; New Album Due Next Year". Blabbermouth.net. 2 February 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  246. ^ "Whitesnake Signs With Frontiers Records". Blabbermouth.net. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  247. ^ "Whitesnake Part Ways With Drummer Chris Frazier, Bassist Uriah Duffy; Announce Addition Of Brian Tichy". BraveWords. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  248. ^ "Whitesnake Announces New Bassist". Blabbermouth.net. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  249. ^ "Whitesnake Keyboardist Quits To Pursue 'Solo' Career". Blabbermouth.net. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  250. ^ "Whitesnake: New Album Details Revealed". Blabbermouth.net. 18 January 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  251. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 24 April 2011 - 30 April 2011". Official Charts. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  252. ^ "Billboard 200 - The Week of April 16, 2011". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  253. ^ "Independent Albums - The Week of April 16, 2011". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  254. ^ "Whitesnake: More 'Forevermore' First-Week Chart Positions Revealed". Blabbermouth.net. 11 April 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  255. ^ "Upcoming Releases". Hits Daily Double. HITS Digital Ventures. Archived from the original on 15 May 2015.
  256. ^ Jurek, Thom. "Whitesnake - Forevermore review". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  257. ^ "Whitesnake Kicks Off 'Forevermore' Tour; Video Available". Blabbermouth.net. 14 May 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  258. ^ "Whitesnake: European Tour Dates Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  259. ^ Hughes, Rob (13 May 2020). "Bernie Marsden interview: fighting UFO, meeting James Bond, and clicking with David Coverdale". Louder. Classic Rock. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  260. ^ "Whitesnake, Arch Enemy, The Darkness, Trivium Confirmed For Japan's Loud Park". Blabbermouth.net. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  261. ^ "Whitesnake Introduce New Keyboardist For Forevermore World Tour 2011". BraveWords. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  262. ^ ""Live at Donington 1990" CD and DVD". Whitesnake Official Site. Archived from the original on 2 May 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  263. ^ "Whitesnake Working On New Concert DVD". Blabbermouth.net. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  264. ^ "New Release: Announcing Made in Japan". Whitesnake Official Website. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  265. ^ "Whitesnake: 'Made In Britain/The World Record' Live Album Details Revealed". Blabbermouth.net. 5 May 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  266. ^ "Drummer Brian Tichy Explains His Departure From Whitesnake". Blabbermouth.net. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  267. ^ Chamberlain, Rich (28 January 2013). "Tommy Aldridge rejoins Whitesnake". MusicRadar. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  268. ^ Martinovic, Paul (6 November 2012). "Journey and Whitesnake announce UK tour for 2013". Digital Spy. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  269. ^ "Whitesnake - More 2013 Live Dates Confirmed". BrveWords. 2 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  270. ^ "Video: Whitesnake Rejoined By Guitarist BERNIE MARSDEN On Stage In Manchester". Blabbermouth.net. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  271. ^ "Def Leppard Announce Summer Dates In Spain With Whitesnake And EUROPE". BrveWords. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  272. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Interviewed By EDDIE TRUNK At Brazil's MONSTERS OF ROCK Festival (Video)". Blabbermouth.net. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  273. ^ "Doug Aldrich Explains His Decision To Leave Whitesnake". Blabbermouth.net. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  274. ^ "Doug Aldrich: Why I Left Whitesnake". Blabbermouth.net. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  275. ^ "Whitesnake Recruits NIGHT RANGER Guitarist Joel Hoekstra". Blabbermouth.net. 21 August 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  276. ^ "Whitesnake – Live In '84 Back To The Bone Trailer Streaming". BraveWords. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  277. ^ a b "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Pays Tribute To His Time With Deep Purple On 'The Purple Album'". Blabbermouth.net. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  278. ^ "Whitesnake - The Purple Album EPK (Official / New Album / 2015)". Frontiers Music srl. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2021 – via YouTube.
  279. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 24 May 2015 - 30 May 2015". Official Charts. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  280. ^ "Billboard 200 - The Week of June 6, 2015". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  281. ^ "Independent Albums - The Week of June 6, 2015". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  282. ^ "Whitesnake's 'The Purple Album: First-Week Sales Revealed". Blabbermouth.net. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  283. ^ "Review: Whitesnake Delves Deep Into Purple Past on New Album". New York Times. Associated Press. 22 May 2015. Archived from the original on 12 June 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  284. ^ Everley, Dave (17 April 2015). "Whitesnake: The Purple Album". Louder. Classic Rock. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  285. ^ Ling, Dave (15 May 2015). "Remember that time we really upset David Coverdale?". Louder. Classic Rock. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  286. ^ Kielty, Martin (24 December 2015). "Coverdale planned retirement.. but changed his mind". Louder. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  287. ^ Lach, Stef (17 April 2015). "Whitesnake hire keyboardist Michele Luppi". Louder. Classic Rock. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  288. ^ "Glenn Hughes Joins David Coverdale's Whitesnake On Stage To Perform Deep Purple Classic (Video)". Blabbermouth.net. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  289. ^ "Def Leppard and Whitesnake joint tour dates". Music-News.com. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  290. ^ "Video: Vivian Campbell Joins Whitesnake On Stage In Sheffield". Blabbermouth.net. 24 December 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  291. ^ "Whitesnake Announces 'The Greatest Hits Tour 2016'". Blabbermouth.net. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  292. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Is Contemplating Retirement In 2017". Blabbermouth.net. 10 April 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  293. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Is Not Ready To Retire Just Yet". Blabbermouth.net. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  294. ^ Graff, Gary (17 August 2017). "Whitesnake Signs New Catalog Deal, Details Future Releases of Archival & New Material: Exclusive". Billboard. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  295. ^ "Whitesnake: 30th-Anniversary Reissue Of Self-Titled Album To Arrive In October; New Studio LP Due In 2018". Blabbermouth.net. 17 August 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  296. ^ "Whitesnake '87 Track by Track - Straight For The Heart". YouTube. Whitesnake TV. 10 November 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  297. ^ "Whitesnake: Official Book 'The Purple Tour - A Photographic Journey' Coming In December". Blabbermouth.net. 19 October 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  298. ^ "Whitesnake To Release 'The Purple Tour (Live)' CD, DVD, Blu-Ray In January". Blabbermouth.net. 6 December 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  299. ^ "Foreigner Announces 'Juke Box Heroes' U.S. Summer 2018 Tour With Whitesnake And Jason Bonham". Blabbermouth.net. 4 December 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  300. ^ "Whitesnake: 'Unzipped' 5CD/DVD Set Featuring Rare And Previously Unreleased Acoustic Performances Due In October". Blabbermouth.net. 2 August 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  301. ^ "Whitesnake To Release 'Flesh & Blood' Studio Album Next Year". Blabbermouth.net. 4 December 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  302. ^ a b Colothan, Scott (30 April 2018). "Whitesnake postpone new album 'Flesh and Blood' due to 'technical issues'". Planet Rock. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  303. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Had Knees Replaced With Titanium Due To Degenerative Arthritis". Blabbermouth.net. 2 October 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  304. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Has No Plans To Retire: 'I'm Very Reinvigorated, Energized And Very Inspired'". Blabbermouth.net. 16 February 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  305. ^ a b "Whitesnake Release New Album, 'Flesh & Blood'". Guitar World. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  306. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100: 17 May 2019 - 23 May 2019". Official Charts. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  307. ^ "Billboard 200 - The Week of May 25, 2019". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  308. ^ "Independent Albums - The Week of May 25, 2019". Billboard. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  309. ^ Wilding, Philip (10 May 2019). "Whitesnake: Flesh & Blood album review". Louder. Classic Rock. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  310. ^ "Whitesnake Kicks Off 'Flesh & Blood' World Tour In Newkirk, Oklahoma (Video)". Blabbermouth.net. 13 April 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  311. ^ "Whitesnake's 'Slide It In' To Be Reissued As '35th Anniversary Edition' With Bonus Material". Blabbermouth.net. 24 January 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  312. ^ "Whitesnake: 'Slip Of The Tongue' 30th-Anniversary Edition Due In October". Blabbermouth.net. 16 August 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  313. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Clarifies 2021 'Retirement' Comments". Blabbermouth.net. 26 April 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  314. ^ Jenke, Tyler (23 February 2020). "Scorpions & Whitesnake Cancel Brisbane Performance Due to Medical Emergency". Rolling Stone Australia. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  315. ^ "Scorpions And Whitesnake Reschedule Sydney Concert, Cancel Auckland Show". Blabbermouth.net. 24 February 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  316. ^ "Whitesnake Postpones Japanese Tour Due To Ongoing Threat Of Coronavirus". Blabbermouth.net. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  317. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale To Undergo Surgery For Bilateral Inguinal Hernia; U.S. And European Tour Dates Canceled". Blabbermouth.net. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  318. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Is 'Healing Nice' Following Surgery For Bilateral Inguinal Hernia". Blabbermouth.net. 10 October 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  319. ^ "David Coverdale On Whitesnake's 'Red, White And Blues' Trilogy: 'We've Given Everything A Fresh Coat Of Paint'". Blabbermouth.net. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  320. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Thinks He Will Have To Wait Until 2022 To Embark On Farewell Tour". Blabbermouth.net. 11 November 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  321. ^ "Whitesnake's David Coverdale Hopes To Launch His Farewell Tour In 2022". Blabbermouth.net. 14 June 2021. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  322. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 34.
  323. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 55, 110.
  324. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 25, 32.
  325. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 64.
  326. ^ Dean, Mark (24 October 2020). "Interview: Rock Legend David Coverdale of Whitesnake". Antihero Magazine. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  327. ^ Monger, James Christopher. "Whitesnake - Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  328. ^ Suter, Paul (19 April 1989). "Fatal Attraction". Raw. No. 17. London, England: EMAP Publishing Limited. pp. 50–53.
  329. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 114.
  330. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 120.
  331. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 125.
  332. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 171.
  333. ^ a b "Whitesnake". Top 10. BBC. 6 March 1999. Retrieved 20 October 2014 – via YouTube.
  334. ^ "David Coverdale Says Whitesnake Were Never a Heavy Metal Band". Noisecreep. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  335. ^ Popoff 2015, p. 141.
  336. ^ "Whitesnake '87 Track by Track - Still Of The Night". Whitesnake TV. 2 December 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2021 – via YouTube.
  337. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 136, 141, 143.
  338. ^ Epstein, Dan (23 June 2016). "12 Artists Who Ripped Off Led Zeppelin". Rolling Stones. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  339. ^ Considine, J. D. (14 March 1993). "Coverdale/Page borrows moves from old Led Zep, but lacks unique Led zip". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  340. ^ Popoff 2015, pp. 136, 141.
  341. ^ "Whitesnake '87 Track by Track - Give Me All Your Love". Whitesnake TV. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2021 – via YouTube.
  342. ^ "Interview: Whitesnake's David Coverdale "I'm the Edith Piaf of rock – I have no regrets"". Download Festival. 7 May 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  343. ^ Divita, Joe (3 April 2019). "Whitesnake's David Coverdale: Meditation, Love + Ritchie Blackmore". Loudwire. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  344. ^ "David Coverdale Attributes Some Of Whitesnake's Success To Lyrics About 'Human Themes'". Blabbermouth.net. 31 October 2020. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  345. ^ "David Coverdale - Interview". Metalljournalen. Sveriges Television. Retrieved 2 March 2021 – via YouTube.
  346. ^ "Whitesnake singer David Coverdale: 'There's not a misogynist bone in my body'". RNZ. 23 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2021.

Sources

  • Popoff, Martin (2015). Sail Away: Whitesnake's Fantastic Voyage. Soundcheck Books LLP. ISBN 0-9575-7008-2.
  • Pennanen, Timo (2006). Sisältää hitin - levyt ja esittäjät Suomen musiikkilistoilla vuodesta 1972 (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtiö Otava. ISBN 978-951-1-21053-5.

External links