Whitehead, County Antrim

Whitehead is a small seaside village on the east coast of County Antrim, Northern Ireland, lying almost midway between the towns of Carrickfergus and Larne. It lies within the civil parish of Templecorran, the historic barony of Belfast Lower,[2] and is part of Mid and East Antrim Borough Council. Before the Plantation of Ulster its name was recorded as both Whitehead and Kinbaine (from Irish an Cionn Bán 'the white head').[3]

Whitehead
Marine Parade, Whitehead - geograph.org.uk - 264264.jpg
The shorefront
Whitehead is located in Northern Ireland
Whitehead
Location within Northern Ireland
Population3,802 (2011 Census)
District
County
CountryNorthern Ireland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCARRICKFERGUS
Postcode districtBT38
Dialling code028
UK Parliament
NI Assembly
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Antrim
54°45′26″N 5°42′14″W / 54.757223°N 5.703964°W / 54.757223; -5.703964Coordinates: 54°45′26″N 5°42′14″W / 54.757223°N 5.703964°W / 54.757223; -5.703964

Located at the base of Muldersleigh Hill, Whitehead lies in a small bay between the limestone cliffs of Whitehead and the black volcanic cliff of Blackhead, with the Blackhead Lighthouse on top, marking the entrance to the Belfast Lough. Whitehead is about 20 miles (32 km) from Belfast. On the opposite coast of Belfast Lough, the Copeland Islands, Bangor and part of the County Down coastline, are clearly visible.

It had a population of 3,802 in the 2011 Census.[4] Whitehead sometimes known as 'The Town With No Streets', as there are no roadways with the suffix "Street" in their name.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

In late Victorian and Edwardian times, Whitehead was a seaside holiday destination developed by and travelled from Belfast and the surrounding area each year. Whitehead is a Victorian railway village with a preserved conservation area, including the railway station. It is home to the Railway Preservation Society of Ireland,[5] County Antrim Yacht Club and the Council owned Bentra Golf Course, as well as being the starting point for the Gobbins Path. The town also was home to an aerodrome during the First World War which housed two airships.

An Irish railway engineer called Berkeley Deane Wise took this tourism endeavour to the next level,[tone] creating innovative new paid-for attractions that would encourage visitors to use the railway company's services. Just south of Gobbins Path, Wise helped transform the small hamlet of Whitehead into a busy holiday resort. He designed and built a bandstand, ladies and gents bathing boxes, a 'children’s corner', a slipway and a pavilion with 500 seats.

Whitehead received a silver at the Britain in Bloom awards in 2005 and 2006, and a bronze in 2007 with the local Brighter Whitehead group planting many of the flowers. In 2012, Northern Ireland's only Jubilee Wood was planted at Whitehead to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.

The TroublesEdit

The Troubles in Whitehead, County Antrim article includes a list of incidents in Whitehead during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities. A mural depicting members of the UDA South East Antrim Brigade lists Whitehead as a base of operations.[6]

Blackhead Coastal PathEdit

The Blackhead Path was built by the Victorians in 1892, partly funded by the railway company, to attract day trippers and holiday makers to Whitehead which was at the time a growing tourist destination and resort. Wise also built a new path Blackhead Path along the coast from Whitehead to the lighthouse at Blackhead, overlooking the town, in 1892. To reach the lighthouse he added several bridges and a tunnel. Wise soon had plans for a much more elaborate path built on sheer cliffs a few miles to the north: The Gobbins Path was about to be born.[tone] This free accessible path is a seaside walk past Sunshine House, around Blackhead Lighthouse and along the Irish Sea cliffs of Islandmagee.

In 2018, the pathway was closed due to health and safety issues and a possibility of severe landslip.[7][8][9] The Mid and East Antrim Council started a full renovation of the whole path in 2019.[10][11][12] The path was reopened in July 2020.[13] It was partly closed again 2021 after a landslip.[14]

EducationEdit

One primary school exists within the town - Whitehead Primary School. Another school, Lourdes Primary School, operated until June 2011.

Whitehead High School, an all-girls secondary school, was present until its closure in 1986. It is now the site of a nursing home.

ChurchesEdit

Churches in the area include Whitehead Baptist Church, Whitehead Presbyterian Church, St Patrick's Church of Ireland, Whitehead Methodist Church, Our Lady of Lourdes (Roman Catholic), and Whitehead Congregational Church.[citation needed]

SportEdit

Sports clubs in Whitehead include a golf club, running club and bowling club. The latter, a lawn bowls club, were 6-time winners of NIBA Division 1, including in 2015.[citation needed]

The local association football club, Whitehead Eagles FC, play in the Northern Amateur Football League.[citation needed]

County Antrim Yacht Club, based near Whitehead, offers dinghy sailing and RYA courses.[citation needed]

PeopleEdit

  • Neighbours actress Jackie Woodburne lived in Whitehead before her family emigrated to Australia.[15]
  • Sting (Gordon Sumner) lived & holidayed with ex-wife Frances Tomelty in Whitehead during the mid-1970s.[16] The wooden house on the coastal path that they holidayed in was originally a temperance hotel and has recently been replaced with a new building. He was also known to have stayed on the top road to the lighthouse and Chester Ave.
  • Keith Gillespie (Northern Ireland footballer) went to Whitehead Primary School.[17]

RailwaysEdit

Whitehead railway station is on the Larne Harbour to Belfast Central and Belfast Great Victoria Street line. Located on the Northern Ireland Railways network being part of the Belfast Suburban Rail as well as the home of the Railway Preservation Society of Ireland.

DemographyEdit

Whitehead had a population of 3,802 people at the 2011 Census,[4] an increase of 2.7% on the 2001 Census figure of 3,702.[18]

Of these:

  • 17.8% were aged under 16 years and 22.2% were aged 65 and over
  • 17.5% were from a Catholic background and 69.2% were from a Protestant or other Christian background
  • 4.2% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hap-Scotch in Boneybefore". Ullans: The Magazine for Ulster-Scots. Ulster-Scots Academy. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  2. ^ "White Head". Place Names NI. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  3. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland
  4. ^ a b "Census 2011 Population Statistics for Whitehead Settlement". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Welcome to Whitehead Excursion Station". RPSI. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  6. ^ Mural directory from Conflict Archive on the Internet
  7. ^ "Blackhead Path | Mid and East Antrim Borough Council". www.midandeastantrim.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Blackhead Path Council Meeting, 23-Aug-18". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  9. ^ Fitzpatrick, Michael (24 August 2018). "Blackhead Path to be closed until 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  10. ^ "LA02/2018/0787/F | Install 200m of new armour causeway Install approx. 115m of additional rock armour revetment along the existing concrete revetment to tie in to the existing rock armour slope at the car park Install 200m of new 7m wide concrete path surface Replace 200m of existing kee klamp steel post and rail fence Install approx. 76m length of new stone gabion baskets to act as a retaining wall | Blackhead Path Castletown Whitehead BT38 9PB". epicpublic.planningni.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ "LA02/2018/0785/F | Cliff face repairs -scaling operation to remove loose or unstable rocks. PVC coated galvanised zinc mesh panels are to be deployed from the crest and draped down the slope (approx. 1,730m2). Mesh is to be secured at the top by cable, fittings and anchorages. Mesh is to be secured at the bottom by horizontal cables fixed to the rock face. Stainless steel rock bolts will secure large blocks or overhanging pillars and buttresses. Shot-crete to be sprayed across 45m2. | Blackhead Path (land adjacent to the Lighthouse McCrae's Brae) Whitehead". epicpublic.planningni.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Blackhead Path - Mid and East Antrim Borough Council". www.midandeastantrim.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Land slippage closes section of Blackhead Path". Carrick Times. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Jackie Woodburne article: Jackie hasn't found Mr Right in real life". www.ramsay-street.co.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Police Reunion, Stormont Castle, Belfast". sting.com. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Keith Gillespie had so much promise but it was only partially fulfilled: A classic case of could have been - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk". BelfastTelegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  18. ^ "Census 2001 Usually Resident Population: KS01 (Settlements) - Table view". Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). p. 7. Retrieved 30 July 2019.

Other SourcesEdit