White Uno Gang
This article is a rough translation from Italian. It may have been generated by a computer or by a translator without dual proficiency.
The White Uno Gang (Italian: Banda della Uno bianca) was a criminal organization operating in Italy, mainly in Emilia-Romagna. The name of the gang refers to the Fiat Uno car, a common city car which was frequently used by this gang, being particularly easy to steal and difficult to identify given its widespread usage in Italy at the time. Most of the gang members were police officers of far-right stances. Between 1987 and 1994, the gang pulled off 103 heists, mostly armed robberies, causing 24 deaths and 102 injuries.
Banda della Uno bianca
|Founders||Roberto, Fabio and Alberto Savi|
|Founding location||Forlì, Emilia-Romagna|
|Territory||Bologna, Forlì, Ravenna, Pesaro and Ancona provinces|
|Activities||armed robbery, bank robbery, extortion, murder, ethnic terrorism|
Born in Forlì on 19 May 1954; together with his brother Alberto, Roberto Savi was a member of the Polizia di Stato at the Questura of Bologna and covered the radio operator service in the operations center. As a young man he was an activist in the far-right wing Fronte della Gioventù. In the trials, Savi's blunt coldness shocked the audience as he described the most atrocious crimes he committed; when answering questions in the courtroom, he wouldn't say "yes" or "no", but instead "affirmative" or "negative".
Born in Forlì on 22 April 1960; brother of Roberto, co-founder of the gang. He, like his brothers, also applied to join the police, but an eyesight issue affected his career. Since he was 14 Fabio had had many different jobs, and he reportedly had a bad temper, being arrogant and aggressive. Together with Roberto, he is the only member of the gang present in every one of their criminal acts. Fabio was arrested a few days after his brother, 27 kilometers from the border with Austria, while trying to leave the country. He worked as a coachbuilder and truck driver, cohabiting in Torriana with a Romanian girl, Eva Mikula, whose testimony will prove decisive in the resolution of the case. After being sentenced to life, he was transferred to the Sollicciano prison in Florence, and later to that of Fossombrone.
Born in Cesena on 19 February 1965, younger brother of Roberto and Fabio. Along with his brothers, he formed the main structure of the gang. Like Roberto, Alberto was a police officer, and at the time of his arrest he was serving with the Rimini police force. He was reportedly weak-willed, and was easily influenced by the more domineering personalities of his older brothers. He was sentenced to life on 26 November 1994. On 23 October 2010, he asked to be released after 16 years in prison. After 23 years in prison he received a permit to leave the prison for 12 hours in February 2017 to see his mother who was gravely ill. Since 2019 he has been granted similar permits for the Christmas holiday.
Born in Catania in 1960, Pietro did not take part in the group's murderous actions. However, he was sentenced to 18 years imprisonment. Also a policeman, he worked as a radio operator at the police headquarters in Bologna together with his friend Roberto Savi. He was released in 2008.
Born in Santa Sofia, 25 February 1965; a minor member of the gang, he took part in an assault in Casalecchio di Reno on 19 February 1988 during which a security guard died. He was therefore sentenced to life imprisonment. Since 2002 he has been working in a cooperative.
Luca Vallicelli was a policeman as well at the time of his arrest, which took place on 29 November 1994. He was an agent at the Traffic Police section of Cesena. A minor member of the gang, he only participated in the first robberies, which ended without any deaths. He pled guilty and was sentenced to three years and eight months. He is currently a free man, and was dismissed by the police.
Chronology of the main criminal actionsEdit
The gang began its crimes in 1987, devoting itself at night to the robberies of the motorway toll booths along the Autostrada A14. On 19 June 1987 the gang first struck with a robbery at the toll booth of Pesaro, committed using a Fiat Regata owned by Alberto Savi to which they had affixed a false plate; the loot amounted to about 1,300,000 lire.
Immediately after the first shot, the gang scored 12 robberies at toll booths in about 2 months.
In October 1987 they organized an extortion attempt against a Rimini resident, Savino Grossi. The Savi sent a letter to Grossi indicating the procedure for payment. The dealer pretended to give in to blackmail but had already warned the police station in Rimini. On 3 October Savino Grossi went on the highway with his car, hiding a police officer in his luggage rack, while other cars from the Rimini police station followed him a short distance away.
This operation was attended by the inspector Baglioni, whose own investigations in 1994 would lead to the members of the gang. Grossi was contacted by the extortionists and stopped near a flyover just before the toll booth near Cesena. With the intervention of the Police, a firefight broke out in which the inspector Antonio Mosca, who died on 29 July 1989 after a long period of suffering, was seriously injured.
On 30 January, Giampiero Picello, a security guard in Rimini, was killed during a robbery in a supermarket.
On 20 April, two carabinieri, Cataldo Stasi and Umberto Erriu, were killed while they were in a car park in Castel Maggiore, near Bologna, after they had stopped the car of the Savi. For this murder, misdirections by a carabiniere were found out
In 1990, 6 people were killed.
On 15 January, Giancarlo Armorati was seriously hit in Via Mazzini in Bologna, during a robbery at a post office that wounded many others. He will die a year later from his injuries.
On 23 December, the gang opens fire on the caravans of the gypsy camp of Bologna in via Gobetti, killing two victims (Rodolfo Bellinati and Patrizia Della Santina) and injuring others.
On 27 December, two people were killed in two different episodes of violence. Luigi Pasqui, a 50-year-old merchant, was killed in a robbery at a Castel Maggiore petrol station while he was trying to sound the alarm. A few minutes later the gang killed Paride Pedini, who had approached the white Uno he found abandoned with open doors.
1991 and the Pilastro massacreEdit
On 4 January at around 10 pm, in the Pilastro district of Bologna, a patrol of carabinieri was fired upon by the criminal group. The gang was in that place by chance, on their way to San Lazzaro di Savena, looking for a car to steal. In via Casini the gang's car was overtaken by the patrol and the maneuver was interpreted by the criminals as an attempt to register the plate number and it was decided to liquidate the carabinieri.
After having flanked them, Roberto Savi fired some bullets at the soldiers, on the driver Otello Stefanini's side. Despite the serious injuries suffered, the carabinieri tried to escape, but crashed into rubbish bins. In a short time the car of the carabinieri was hit by a shower of bullets. The other two carabinieri, Andrea Moneta and Mauro Mitilini, managed to get out of the car and to respond to the fire, injuring Roberto Savi. The power of the weapons used by the gang, however, left no hope and both the carabinieri remained on the asphalt. The three ended up with a shot to the back of the head.
The criminal group also took the patrol service paper and fled the site of the conflict. The white Uno involved in the massacre was abandoned in San Lazzaro di Savena in the parking lot of via Gramsci and burned; one of the seats was dirty with the blood of Roberto Savi, who was slightly injured in the abdomen during the firefight. The massacre was immediately claimed by the terrorist group Falange Armata. However, this claim was considered unreliable, since it came after the press release to the mass media. The massacre remained unpunished for about four years. The investigators followed incorrect leads, which led them to indict subjects unrelated to each other. On 20 June 1992, on the basis of false testimony, the two Santagata brothers and the camorra affiliate Marco Medda were arrested, all of whom were prejudiced and residing in the Pilastro quarter. On 25 January 1995 they were declared not guilty of the crime by the tribunal of Bologna.
Later on, the killers will confess the crime during the trial.
On 2 May, in a gun store in Bologna, Licia Ansaloni, owner of the shop, and Pietro Capolungo, retired carabiniere, are killed. During this robbery, a woman sees Roberto Savi outside of the shop, and after the robbery provides an identikit to the investigators. When it is shown to Ansaloni's husband, he declares that he might look a lot like Roberto Savi, his usual client, a policeman from Bologna. But nobody among the investigators actually connects Savi to the blood evidence.
On 18 August, Ndiaj Malik and Babou Chejkh, two Senegalese labourers, were killed in an ambush in San Mauro Mare, frazione of San Mauro Pascoli, while a third one, Madiaw Diaw, was wounded. The attack is not for the purpose of robbery, or due to the desire to eliminate witnesses of a crime, but is motivated by racist convictions of the gang members. Shortly after the double murder, the gang's car cuts off a Fiat Ritmo with a few young men on board, who shouted at the Uno driver for the risky maneuver. Shots are fired at the people in the Ritmo, but they are unharmed.
In 1992 no homicides are recorded, but the gang commits four bank robberies and one in a supermarket.
On 24 February the gang is responsible for the murder of Massimiliano Valenti, a 21-year-old boy who had watched a car change after a bank robbery. The gang kidnapped the young man and then transported him to an isolated area where he was executed. The body of Valenti was found in a ditch in the municipality of Zola Predosa. From the autopsy examination, it emerged holes of bullets on his face fired from top to bottom.
In 1994 the gang intensified its criminal activity towards the banks, robbing a total of 9 during the year.
The members of the gang have all been arrested. The trials ended on 6 March 1996 with three life sentences for each of the Savi brothers, a life sentence for Marino Occhipinti, 28 years in prison for Pietro Gugliotta which was then commuted into 18.
Luca Vallicelli, a minor member of the gang, was sentenced to 3 years and 8 months.
After 14 years of imprisonment, in August 2008, Pietro Gugliotta was freed thanks to the launch of the indulto and the Gozzini law.
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- List of criminal actions
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- la banda della uno bianca 2ª parte – YouTube
- Sovrintendente della Polizia di Stato Comm.to di Rimini (Oggi Questura)29 luglio 1989
- shtml "Fanne another son" Corriere della Sera 21 November 1995
- bomb-resta.html ASSAULT TO THE VAN WITH A BOMB REMAINS KILLED A JURED GUARD La Repubblica 20 February 1988
- Wound never closed for the family of Umberto Erriu L 'Unione Sarda 24 February 1995
- per-un-processo.html One white twenty years for a useless processLa Repubblica 17 April 2008
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- Bianca: un carabiniere aiutò a uccidere 2 colleghi? Corriere della Sera – ottobre 1996
- «Uno bianca», storia maledetta anche in tv Corriere della Sera 4 febbraio 2001
- 3 ottobre 2007 Intitolazione del Giardino della "Noce" a Primo Zecchi
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- TERRORE NEL CAMPO – NOMADI ' CI DIFENDEREMO CON LE ARMI' La Repubblica 27 dicembre 1990
- BOLOGNA NELLA MORSA DELLA VIOLENZA La Repubblica 28 dicembre 1990
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- STEFANINI OTELLO Sito dei dell'Arma dei Carabinieri
- eccidio del Pilastro, strage di mafia Corriere della Sera settembre 1993
- strage del Pilastro: sospettato un quarto uomo Corriere della Sera 13 maggio 1993
- UNA FAMIGLIA DI KILLER PER LA STRAGE DEL PILASTRO ARRESTATO IL TERZO UOMO La Repubblica 10 settembre 1992
- Pilastro, indagini e liti fra polizia e carabinieri Corriere della Sera – Giugno 1992
- 'I KILLER VOGLIONO IMPAURIRE BOLOGNA' La Repubblica 23 aprile 1991
- BANDE ASSASSINE CONTRO BOLOGNA La Repubblica 3 maggio 1991
- La Banda della Uno Bianca La storia siamo noi-RaiTre
- Luigi Spezia (21 June 1991). "I KILLER DI BOLOGNA UCCIDONO ANCORA". La Repubblica. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Paola Cascella (28 February 1993). "UNA FIRMA PER QUEL DELITTO". La Repubblica. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- TROVATE TRACCE DEI KILLER DI RIMINI La Repubblica 29 agosto 1991
- Elenco azioni criminali della banda
- "QUELLE ESECUZIONI DELLA UNO BIANCA". La Repubblica. 25 February 1993.
- l'omicidio di Bologna. ancora indizi verso la "Uno bianca" Corriere della Sera 27 febbraio 1993
- TROPPE SPIETATE ANALOGIE A BOLOGNA TORNA L'INCUBO DELLA 'UNO BIANCA' La Repubblica 26 febbraio 1993
- "troppe spietate analogie a Bologna torna l'incubo della 'Uno bianca'". la Repubblica. 26 February 1993. Retrieved 21 October 2009.
- Uno Bianca, quattro ergastoli Corriere della Sera 1º giugno 1997
- sparò il "lungo" della Uno bianca Corriere della Sera 27 maggio 1994
- la banda della Uno bianca torna a colpire: ucciso un bancario Corriere della Sera maggio 1994
- Morte del padre