Whistle Stop (1946 film)
Whistle Stop is a 1946 American film noir crime film directed by Léonide Moguy and starring George Raft, Ava Gardner, Victor McLaglen, and Tom Conway. The screenplay was written by Philip Yordan, based on a novel by Maritta M. Wolff.
|Directed by||Léonide Moguy|
|Produced by||Seymour Nebenzal|
|Screenplay by||Philip Yordan|
|Based on||Whistle Stop|
by Maritta M. Wolff
|Music by||Dimitri Tiomkin|
|Edited by||Gregg C. Tallas|
|Color process||Black and white|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
Away for two years, a woman named Mary (Ava Gardner) returns to her home in a small town (a 'whistle stop'). She attempts to reconcile with Kenny Veech (George Raft), her former romantic interest, but he is jealous and bitter, particularly after she takes up with Veech's mortal enemy, nightclub owner Lew Lentz (Tom Conway).
Gitlo (Victor McLaglen), a friend of Kenny's who works for Lentz, talks Kenny into a scheme to rob and kill Lentz at a train station as he leaves for Detroit, then hide his corpse to make Mary believe he chose not to return. Mary manages to foil Veech's plans, but she remains torn between the two men.
Seeking vengeance, Lentz tries to pin a murder on Veech and Gitlo, who barely make a getaway. Gitlo and Lentz end up killing one another, and Mary finds Veech recovering from a gunshot wound to the arm he had suffered while making his and Gitlo's escape. The movie ends with them arm-in-arm, walking away to live happily ever after.
The film was based on the debut novel by 23 year old Maritta Wolff who wrote it in her senior year at the University of Michigan.
Philip Yordan bought the film rights in November 1944 and wrote a screenplay. Yordan later said "I used a small portion of the actual book and developed the story from there" because he said the book was too explicit sexually.
In February 1945 Yordan sold the project to producer Seymour Nebenzal. Yordan remained associate producer in exchange for 50% of the profits. The film was financed by a bank in Palm Springs. Ava Gardner was borrowed from MGM and Tom Conway from RKO.
Yordan said "my script was very good" but felt the producer made a mistake casting Raft. "He had been a big name around the world and he was on the skids and we could afford him, but he looked like hell and who wanted to see this old man with Ava Gardner? It should have been a young guy like Burt Lancaster."
Filming started June 29, 1945.
When the film was released, film critic Bosley Crowther, dismissed the film, writing, "A slice of sordid life in a small mid-Western town was somewhat faithfully reflected in Maritta Wolff's novel, Whistle Stop, but the same can't be said for the picture, based upon it, which came to the Globe on Saturday. This plainly remote and artificial concoction lacks flavor, consistency, reason and even dramatic suspense. And it is also abominably acted—which covers about everything ... The film was directed by Leonide Moguy, late of France. Don't ask us why."
Variety, however, was more positive in their review. The staff wrote, "Heavy melodrama, adapted from the Maritta M. Wolff novel of same title, is somber melodrama, vignetting a seamy side of life in a small town. Production and playing are excellent and the direction strong, although latter is given to occasional arty tone ... Gardner displays her best work to date as the girl who must have her man. McLaglen hits top form as the not too bright bartender, and Conway is smooth as the heavy. Score is an aid in projecting the somber mood."
Recently, film critic Dennis Schwartz was harsh in his review, writing, "A low-level B film on the seamy side-of-life, that revolves around a bitter love triangle. It's directed without too much skill by Leonide Moguy (Paris After Dark/Two Women/Diary of a Bad Girl) ... The wannabe film noir is dumber than dumb. The convoluted storyline has about as much going for it as the risible loser performance does by a miscast George Raft, who never looked quite as stiff as he does in this stinker. All the main characters are unsympathetic, and the plot is brainless. It's one of those somber films about the human condition that has nothing important to say about the human condition, but is unintentionally funny when it tries to be the most serious."
In popular cultureEdit
In 2000, Bay-Tek Incorporated released an arcade skill-game under the name "Whistle Stop". In a 2015 interview with Noah Simmons, the artist who worked on the designs for the game, it was revealed that a main inspiration for the theme of the game was the "...elements of noir genre found in the 1946 film 'Whistle Stop' ... but most influential to the development was the train-station scene." The game borrows multiple sound effects from the film.
- Whistle Stop at the TCM Movie Database.
- OFF THE HOLLYWOOD WIRE: MORE ABOUT HOLLYWOOD By FRED STANLEY New York Times 5 Nov 1944: X1
- Server p 106
- Selznick, Vivien Leigh Battle Will Continue Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Feb 1945: A7
- HOLLYWOOD WEIGHS ITS RESERVES: Gangsters Again THE HOLLYWOOD WIRE Fixing the "Whistle" Nice Place Albion in Films By FRED STANLEY. New York Times 8 July 1945: 15.
- Everett Aaker, The Films of George Raft, McFarland & Company, 2013 p 118
- SCREEN NEWS: Victor McLaglen Named to 'Whistle Stop' Part Of Local Origin Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. 13 June 1945: 27.
- Vagg, Stephen (February 9, 2020). "Why Stars Stop Being Stars: George Raft". Filmink.
- Crowther, Bosley. The New York Times, film review, March 18, 1946. Accessed: July 19, 2013.
- Variety. Staff film review, 1946. Accessed: July 19, 2013.
- Dennis Schwartz Dennis Schwartz. Ozus' World Movie Reviews, film review, July 21, 2010. Accessed: July 19, 2013.
- . 'Whistle Stop - Arcade by Bay-Tek Incorporated', web, September 3, 2000. Accessed: December 15, 2015
- Elements of 1940's Noir in Popular Culture', documentary, March 13, 2015. Accessed: December 15, 2015.
- Franz Marksteiner: You Don't Know Mary. Whistle Stop, von Leonide Moguy (1946). In: Christian Cargnelli, Michael Omasta (eds.): Schatten. Exil. Europäische Emigranten im Film noir. PVS, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-901196-26-9.
- Server, Lee (2006). Ava Gardner : "love is nothing". St. Martin's Press.
- Whistle Stop at the American Film Institute Catalog
- Whistle Stop at IMDb
- Review of film at Variety
- Whistle Stop at AllMovie
- Whistle Stop at the TCM Movie Database
- Whistle Stop is available for free download at the Internet Archive