Westminster (town), Vermont
Westminster Town Hall
|Chartered||November 9, 1752|
|• Town Clerk||Doreen Woodward|
|Elevation||89 ft (27 m)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Westminster is Vermont's oldest existing town and was chartered in 1735 by the Province of Massachusetts Bay and was called New Taunton or Township Number One. The town did not have any permanent settlers in the area until 1751. New Hampshire settlers came in and the town was later incorporated in the Province of New Hampshire on November 9, 1752, becoming the third chartered town for New Hampshire, west of the Connecticut River that would become the future state of Vermont. Because of that, it is debatable with both Brattleboro and Bennington on what the true oldest town in the state is. The Court of Common Pleas of the County of Cumberland of the Province of New York was moved to the town of Westminster in 1772. It was the site of the Westminster massacre in March 1775, in which two men were killed attempting to prevent New York provincial officials from exerting their authority over the area in the long-running dispute over the New Hampshire Grants. On January 15, 1777, a group of Vermonters met in the Westminster courthouse to declare the independence of the Republic of New Connecticut (later renamed the Republic of Vermont).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 46.1 square miles (119.5 km2), of which 46.1 square miles (119.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km2) (0.06%) is water.
The New England Central Railroad has track rights through the town. Amtrak's Vermonter passenger rail line runs through Westminster but does not stop in town. The closest stations are Bellows Falls to the north and Brattleboro to the south.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,210 people, 1,246 households, and 843 families residing in the town. The population density was 69.7 people per square mile (26.9/km2). There were 1,412 housing units at an average density of 30.6 per square mile (11.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.73% White, 0.40% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.34% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.
There were 1,246 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,263, and the median income for a family was $49,615. Males had a median income of $32,365 versus $26,303 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,019. About 7.1% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
I-91 in Westminster
- Frances (Fanny) Allen, nun, daughter of the military leader Ethan Allen, convert to Catholicism who believed she had seen an apparition of St. Joseph in Westminster
- Jerome Allen, educator and author
- Stephen R. Bradley, US Senator from Vermont
- William Czar Bradley. U.S. Representative from Vermont
- Edmund Burke, US Representative from Vermont
- Joseph Dorr Clapp, Wisconsin State Senator, farmer, and businessman, was born in Westminster.
- Lot Hall, Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court
- Hiram Pratt, mayor of Buffalo, N.Y.
- Mark Richards, US Congressman and seventh Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
- "Town Clerk's Office". Westminster Vermont. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Vermont Census Counts and Intercensal PopulationEstimates 2000-2010" (PDF). healthvt.gov. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Westminster Vermont Chartered 1735". Westminster Vermont. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- Haas, Jessie (2012). Westminster, Vermont, 1735–2000: Township Number One. The History Press. p. 1.
- Collins, Anne L. (2007). Bellows Falls, Saxtons River and Westminster: A History of Vermont's Most Beloved River Communities. The History Press. p. 123.
- U.S. Government Printing Office (1903). Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 286.
- United States Congressional serial set. United States Congressional serial set. 1908. p. 52.
- Hass, Jessica (2012). Westminster, Vermont, 1735-2000: Township Number One. The History Press. p. 51.
- Conant, Edward (1915). A Text Book of the Geography, History, Constitution and Civil Government of Vermont: Also Constitution and Civil Government of the United States. A Publication Expressly Prepared to Comply with Vermont's State School Laws. Tutle Company. p. 191.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved December 12, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Crowell, Edward Payson and Biscoe, Walter Stanley (1883). Biographical Record of the Alumni of Amherst College During Its First Half Century, 1821–1871. Edward Payson Crowell, Walter Stanley Biscoe. p. 245.
- "BRADLEY, Stephen Row, (1754–1830)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- "BRADLEY, William Czar, (1782–1867)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "BURKE, Edmund, (1809 Fanny Allen – 1882)". Biographocal Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- 'Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin at the Forth-eight session, December 11, 1900, Biographical Sketch of Joseph Dorr Clapp, pg. 95
- Hall, Benjamin Homer (1858). History of Eastern Vermont: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Close of the Eighteenth Century. New York, NY: D. Appleton & Co. pp. 658–666.
- Pratt, Walter Wilcox (1900). The Ancestry and the Descendants of John Pratt of Hartford, Conn. Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company. p. 71.
- "RICHARDS, Mark, (1760–1844)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 27, 2012.