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Coordinates: 20°35′N 84°28′E / 20.58°N 84.47°E / 20.58; 84.47

Western Odisha is a territory in western part of Odisha, India, Western Odisha includes the districts of Bargarh, Bolangir, Boudh, Deogarh, Jharsuguda, Nuapada, Sambalpur, Subarnapur, Sundargarh and Athamallick Sub-division of Angul district.

Bargarh, 5(MLA) 1(MP)

Bolangir, 5(MLA) 1(MP)

Boudh, 2(MLA)

Deogarh, 1(MLA)

Jharsuguda, 2(MLA)

Nuapada, 2(MLA)

Sambalpur, 4(MLA) 1(MP)

Subarnapur, 2(MLA)

Sundargarh 7(MLA) 1(MP)

Athamallick Sub-division of Angul district. 1(MLA)

Contents

Separate Kosal state movementEdit

 
Proposed "Kosal state" among the aspirant states of India

People of Western Odisha mainly intelligentsia, members of political parties, and various social organisations, are demanding the creation of a separate Kosal state, comprising the western part of the State of Odisha.[1][2] The area of the proposed Kosal state is more than 50,000 km2, which is comparable to the areas of Kerala (33,883 km2), Haryana (44,212 km2), Punjab (50,362 km2), Uttranchal (53,483 km2) and Himachal (55,673 km2). The movement is ongoing with the involvement of political parties and various groups of intellectuals.[3]

ClimateEdit

Climate - The floral diversity and topographical variety ensure the experience of all the six seasons in this area. Western Odisha experiences five seasons prominently, namely, Summer, Rainy, Autumn, Winter and Spring. Spring season is short lived. Summer season is generally from 1 April to end of June. During summer season the climate is generally very hot and dry. In the month of May, mercury shoots above 45 °C in places like Titilagarh in Balangir district, Sambalpur, Jharsuguda and Brajarajnagar in Jharsuguda district. In other areas of Western Odisha, highest day temperature remains between 40 °C and 45 °C. Rainy season is in the month of July and August, during which, the area experiences moderate rainfall, which varies from 115 to 145 cm from place to place. In winter season, which is generally in the months of December and January, minimum temperature comes down to 4 °C in places like Daringbadi in Kandhamal district and Tensa in Sundargarh district. Sometimes, these two places experiences mild snowfall during night. Other areas remain moderately cold, with minimum temperature varying from 9 °C to 15 °C. In the last few decades, western Odisha has suffered from repeated drought.[4][better source needed]

Natural resourcesEdit

Western odisha region is rich with minerals. Iron ore is available in plenty at Tensa and Barsuan in Sundargarh district, Bauxite is available in Niyamgiri, Gandhamardan in Bargarh district, Khariar in Nuapada district and Baphlimali in Rayagada distinct. Coal is available in Himgir in Sundargarh district and Rampur in Jharsuguda district. Dolomite is available at Dubulabera and Kangorama in Sambalpur district and Lephripada in Sundargarh district. Graphite is available at Patnagarh and Titilagarh in Balangir district. Manganese ore is available in Nuapada and Balangir district. Fireclay is available at Belpahar in Jharsuguda district, Gandawara in Sambalpur district and some places of Sundargarh district.[5]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

District District Headquarters Area (km2.) Population 1991 Census Population 2011 Census Literacy Rate 2011
Balangir Balangir 6,575 1,230,938 1,648,574 65.50
Bargarh Bargarh 5,837 1,207,172 1,478,833 75.16
Nuapada Nuapada 3,852 469,482 606,490 58.20
Sambalpur Sambalpur 6,702 809,017 1,044,410 76.91
Subarnapur Sonepur 2,337 476,815 652,107 74.42

(Source: Population of India, 2011)[6]

In addition to the five districts listed above and shown on the map, the Western Odisha Development Council includes Anugul on its website.[7]

Western Odisha contains 24.34% of the total population of the Odisha state. Tribal populations comprise 40% of Western Odisha's total population. The Agharias, a community from north-western Uttar Pradesh, make up close to 10% of the population in the area. 23.38% of Odisha's Scheduled Caste population and 33.9% of its Scheduled Tribe population reside in this region. The area supports 29.75% of the Odisha state's economically backward people, 25.8% of its cultivators, 27.52% of its agricultural labourers, 32.18% of its household industrial workers, 25.36% of its workers overall, 30.54% of its marginal workers and 22.87% of its non-workers.

Art and cultureEdit

Western Odisha is culturally influenced by several different cults and religions. Its history dates back to the Mahabharat and Buddhist period. Folk songs and dances of this area have been revived and recognized during the last quarter century, including Danda (Danda Yatra and Danda Nata), which is considered to be one of the oldest forms of variety entertainment in India, to the modern "Krushnaguru Bhajan", a type of folk lyrics and songs. Sambalpuri language songs are quite popular throughout Odisha. Some hits include Rangabati, Ekda Ekda, Dalkhai, and Panbala Babu.[8][9][10]

RangabatiEdit

Rangabati is a modern composed Sambalpuri song inspired by folk music, written about 1975, which enjoyed international popularity in the 1970s and 1980s. It was sung by Jitendra Haripal and Krishna Patel. The music was composed by Prabhudutta Pradhan and the lyrics by Mitrabhanu Gauntia. The song was recorded and broadcast by All India Radio, Sambalpur[11]

Indoor games of Western OdishaEdit

Indoor game playing in Western Odisha has waned and many of the games formerly played are now extinct, though the following two games are still played, albeit only by some of the tribal villagers, and these two are also on the verge of extinction.

  • Chhaka is an indoor game popular among women of the Sambalpuri region. It is played with 6 pieces of large-sized shell (Couri) and 16 pieces of multi-coloured wooden dots. The game is traditional enough that a complete set of "Couris’ and dots is taken by new brides to their husbands' houses after marriage.
  • Ganjapa is probably named after its inventor Gajapada.[12]

EducationEdit

People from Western OdishaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Demand For a Separate Kosal statehood". The Hindu.
  2. ^ "Demand for Kosal state gaining Momentum". cfnonline.
  3. ^ "Kosal Kranti dal, political party demanding for separate kosal statehood". OneIndia.
  4. ^ Traditional Water Harvesting the Answer to Western Odisha's Perennial Drought Woes
  5. ^ Mohanty, Basanta Kumar, Orissa Fact File, 2005, p.46
  6. ^ Population of Western Orissa
  7. ^ WODC main page
  8. ^ Current Sambalpuri Album
  9. ^ Legendary Sambalpuri singer Jitendra Haripal
  10. ^ Sambalpuri songs
  11. ^ "And the singer sings his song ", The Hindu, 27 May 2001.
  12. ^ Balangir District gazetteer
  13. ^ Sudeep Kumar Guru (25 September 2010). "Poetry makes him known as new Gangadhar Meher". The Telegraph (India). Ananda Publishers. Retrieved 4 November 2010.