Western Maryland Scenic Railroad 734

Western Maryland Scenic Railroad No. 734, also known as Mountain Thunder, is an SC-1 class 2-8-0 “Consolidation” type steam locomotive originally built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1916 for the Lake Superior & Ishpeming Railroad (LS&I) as No. 18. It was renumbered to 34 in 1925.

Western Maryland Scenic Railroad 734
WMSR No. 734 at the Cumberland Station on August 23, 2006
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderBaldwin Locomotive Works
Serial number43105
Model10 43 E 93
Build dateApril 16, 1916
Rebuild date1992–1993
 • Whyte2-8-0
 • UIC1'D'l
Gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia.57 in (1,448 mm)
Wheelbase60.96 ft (18.58 m)(LS&I)
69.54 ft (21.20 m)(WMSR)
 • Engine26 ft (7.9 m)
 • Drivers16 ft (4.9 m)
Adhesive weight238,000 lb (108,000 kg)
Loco weight268,000 lb (122,000 kg)
Tender weight167,000 lb (76,000 kg)(LS&I)
276,000 lb (125,000 kg)(WMSR)
Total weight435,000 lb (197,000 kg)(LS&I)
544,000 lb (247,000 kg)(WMSR)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity12 t (12 long tons; 13 short tons)(LS&I)
18 t (18 long tons; 20 short tons)(WMSR)
Water cap.9,500 US gal (36,000 L; 7,900 imp gal)(LS&I)
18,000 US gal (68,000 L; 15,000 imp gal)(WMSR)
Boiler pressure200 lb/in2 (14 kg/cm2)(LS&I) 175 lb/in2 (12.3 kg/cm2)(WMSR)
CylindersTwo, Outside
Cylinder size26 in × 30 in (660 mm × 760 mm)
Valve gearBaker
Performance figures
Maximum speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Tractive effort60,484 lb (27,435 kg)
Factor of adh.3.93
OperatorsLake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad
Western Maryland Scenic Railroad
  • LS&I 18
  • LS&I 30
  • LS&I 34
  • WMSR 734
  • WMSR 729
NicknamesMountain Thunder
Retired1961 (revenue service)
April 9, 2016 (1st excursion service)
Restored1993 (1st restoration)
Current ownerWestern Maryland Scenic Railroad
DispositionStored, awaiting overhaul

No. 34 was used to pull heavy iron ore trains for the LS&I, until it was retired in 1961. The locomotive was subsequently sold to the Marquette and Huron Mountain Railroad, where it was stored in a sideline alongside other LS&I steam locomotives. In 1971, No. 34 was sold to the Illinois Railway Museum for static display.

In 1991, No. 34 was acquired by the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad (WMSR), who renumbered it to 734 and cosmetic altered it to resemble a Western Maryland (WM) 2-8-0. No. 734 pulled the WMSR’s tourist excursion trains between Cumberland and Frostburg, Maryland. [1]

Since 2016, No. 734 has remained out of service for a Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)-required rebuild, and the WMSR concentrated its efforts on former Chesapeake & Ohio (C&O) 2-6-6-2 No. 1309. As of 2023, the WMSR is raising funds to perform an extensive rebuild on No. 734. [1]

History Edit

No. 734 crossing the Potomac River with EMD GP30 No. 501 on October 7, 2007
No. 734 traveling through the Cumberland Narrows on May 31, 2009
No. 734 being aligned on a Turntable in Frostburg, on September 5, 2010
No. 734 traveling on Helmstetter’s Curve on September 5, 2010

Revenue service Edit

When World War I broke out, the Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad (LS&I) decided to get locomotives larger and more powerful than its B-4 class to pull passenger and iron ore trains between West Ishpeming and Marquette, Michigan, and the ore industry continued to rise.[2][3] And so, they went to the drawing board to create a new type of steam locomotive with an 88'' diameter boiler, cylinder dimensions of 26'' x 30'', an engine weight of 270,000 pounds and a tractive effort of 55,900 pounds.[3][4]

The railroad ordered these newly designed locomotives from Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and they were numbered 18-20, and one more was purchased by the Munising, Marquette and Southeastern Railway, (MM&SE) bringing the total number of these giants to four.[3] Since both the sand domes and steam domes were squashed flat, and their bells were mounted on the sides of their boilers, they were earned the name "hogs", an epithet which they still hold.[3] While the older B-4 class locomotives could pull 45 loaded hoppers on a 1.6% grade, the hogs could pull up to 60 loaded hoppers up on that same grade without any problems.[3]

In 1923, the LS&I received some additional 2-8-0s after purchasing the MM&SE, including that road's one hog, so a renumbering system and reclassification system were in order, and the hogs were reclassified as SC-1s, while being renumbered 30-33.[3] No. 18 was renumbered 30, and the number 18 was given to an SC-4 class locomotive.[3] Two years later, the LS&I purchased two former Chicago River and Indiana 2-8-0s 1 and 2 from the General Equipment Company, and while they were renumbered 30 and 31, Nos 30 and 31 became 34 and 35.[3] Until the arrival of the LS&I's 2-10-2 "Santa Fe" types in 1930, the SC-1s remained as the backbone of the LS&I's mainline ore services.[3] The hogs continued to pull heavy car loads of iron ore and passenger trains on the Michigan short line, but they were infrequently used during the winter.[3] No. 34 was in charge of the pinch-hitting for diesel locomotives, especially when its classmates are under repair.[3] This career for the locomotives ended, when the LS&I decided to fully dieselize in the early 1960s.[3] No. 34 was retired in 1961, and it was stored near Marquette. The LS&I ended all steam operations the following year.[5]

Early preservation Edit

In 1963, the railroad sold eleven of its 2-8-0s, as well as some of its passenger cars, to the Marquette and Huron Mountain Tourist Railroad.[6][5] There are no known records of the 34 pulling any trains for that railroad.[6] Only three of the SC-4s, Numbers 19, 22, and 23, were known to pull tourist trains there between Marquette and Big Bay.[6][7] Instead, No. 34 sat with the rest of its sisters in the form of a scrapline, until 1971.[5] That year, No. 34 was sold to the Illinois Railway Museum in Union, Illinois, where it was cosmetically restored, and it remained on static display for the next twenty years.[5]

Western Maryland Scenic Railroad Edit

The Western Maryland (WM) was a railroad that served a small town of Cumberland, Maryland along with a branch line that ran between there, Frostburg, and other small towns.[5] After the branch line was abandoned by the Chessie System, a joint effort was formed between the city of Cumberland, Allegany County, and the newly formed Scenic Railroad Development Corporation (SRDC) to restore the branch into a possible tourist attraction.[5] As part of the deal, the SRDC was given the old WM shops in Ridgeley, West Virginia, a 1913 station building in Cumberland, and an 1891 Cumberland and Pennsylvania wooden depot in Frostburg.[5]

After this acquisition was completed, the SRDC leased the newly-restored trackage to Jack Showalter's Allegany Central Railroad, which used Canadian Pacific 4-6-2 "Pacific" type locomotives Numbers 1238 and 1286 to pull the excursion trains.[8] After the Allegany Central was moved to Staunton, Virginia, the SRDC’s name was changed to the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad (WMSR), and they began searching for its own steam locomotive to restore.[5] The steam locomotive they acquired was No. 34, which was removed from the Illinois Railway Museum's property in 1991.[5] Later that year, restoration work began while multiple modifications were given, including a centered headlight and a larger tender from New York Central (NYC) 4-8-2Mohawk” No. 2662, and the locomotive was renumbered to 734.[9] The modifications were intended to make the locomotive represent the Western Maryland's own series of 2-8-0s, none of which survived the scrapper's torch. Although this is now numbered after an original H-7a No. 734, the locomotive also now has an appearance of an H-9.[5] Additionally, in 1998, No. 734's new tender was given a mechanical stoker.[10]

Restoration work was completed in 1993, and No. 734 was ready to start its new career as a tourist steam locomotive.[5] In September 2013, the scenic railroad was visited by 0-4-0 tank engines Viscose Co 6 and Flagg Coal Co 75, and they operated alongside No. 734 and stayed for a night photo session for the 25th anniversary of the grand re-opening of the tourist line.[11] The following month, No. 734 was temporarily renumbered 729 to pay tribute to another long lost WM 2-8-0, and this was for a photo session of the locomotive pushing and pulling freight.[12]

In 2014, the WM Scenic Railroad announced that they would purchase Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) 2-6-6-2 "Mallet" No. 1309 from the B&O Railroad Museum in Baltimore, Maryland and operational restoration work for the locomotive began. Over time operations changed and grew, and No. 734 was often being pushed far beyond her normal operating capabilities, resulting in extreme wear and tear, or ran with a diesel helper which increased operating cost, so a larger engine was needed.[13][14] In 2015, the Scenic Railroad announced that No. 734 was going to be pulled from excursion service for display, as it was getting close to being due for a mandated 1,472-day boiler inspection required by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA).[15] It made its last passenger run on September 26, 2015, and after hauling one last photo freight train on April 9, 2016, roughly the locomotive's 100th birthday, Mountain Thunder was silenced.[5]

Since 2016, the locomotive sat in storage outside the WMSR's Ridgeley shops. The WMSR has revealed that the locomotive is in poor mechanical condition, and it needs to go through a complete overhaul.[5] While very powerful, No. 734 is much too small to handle the longer trains of the Summer and Autumn seasons, so No. 734's role would primarily be as power for off-season steam runs and stand-by power for No. 1309 in the busier season.[5] More news about No. 734 was announced on April 19, 2021, the locomotive's 105th birthday, stating that after the railroad was misquoted by the Cumberland Times-News, it was revealed that the trackage is currently at FRA Class 1 standards, and operations begin as soon as No. 1309 was ready, though beforehand, they completed a tie-replacement program to bring the railroad back in line with FRA Class 2 standards, which will allow operation of passenger trains at up to 30 miles per hour. For the time being, Mountain Thunder would go through brief cosmetic restoration to improve its overall appearance as a static display.[5] In March 2022, Western Maryland Scenic announced that they will be taking donations for an evaluation on the 734, possibly allowing the locomotive to return to service in the near future.[16]

Original locomotive Edit

The original Western Maryland No. 734 was an H-7a class 2-8-0.[17] It was built by the American Locomotive Company's former Richmond Locomotive Works of Richmond, Virginia in 1911 for freight service on the WM's mainline, but as larger locomotives were built, it was downgraded as a branch line locomotive, and as a helper locomotive by pushing heavy trains up steep grades. No. 734 was different than the current LS&I 34, by having a switcher-style cowcatcher, a high-mounted headlight, a more rounded cab, a smaller four-axle tender with a lower fuel and water capacity, it had older-style cylinders that were 25 x 30 inches(635 x 762 millimeters), it was over 27,000 pounds lighter than 34, it had a driving wheel diameter of 60 inches, and used Walschaerts valve gear, instead of Baker valve gear. It's parts were also meant to be interchangeable with other WM locomotives, including the K-2 class 4-6-2s. The locomotive was removed from service by 1954, and it was subsequently sold for scrap.[18]

See also Edit

Further reading Edit

  • Kraemer, Thomas K. (2003). Western Maryland Scenic Railroad (2nd ed.). RR Trax Studios. ISBN 0-9743060-0-2.
  • Unknown Author(1916). Railway and Locomotive Engineering; A Practical Journal of Motive Power, Rolling Stock and Appliances: Volume 29. Classic Reprint Series ISBN 978-1334191183

References Edit

  1. ^ a b "No. 734". Western Maryland Scenic Railroad. Retrieved 2023-09-15.
  2. ^ "Lake Superior & Ishpeming Railroad: History/Map/Photos". American-Rails.com. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Durocher, Aurele A. (1958). "The Lake Superior and Ishpeming Railroad Company". Railway & Locomotive Historical Society Bulletin (98): 7–31. ISSN 0033-8842. JSTOR 43520202.
  4. ^ "Lake Superior & Ishpeming 2-8-0 "Consolidation" Locomotives in the USA". www.steamlocomotive.com. Retrieved 2020-11-30.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Celebrating No. 734's 105th Birthday". Western Maryland Scenic Railroad. April 19, 2021. Archived from the original on June 1, 2021. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c "Marquette & Huron Mountain Railroad". www.railroadmichigan.com. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  7. ^ "Old_MHM". algomacentral.railfan.net. Retrieved 2020-12-21.
  8. ^ "Allegheny Central's Jack Showalter inspired many - Trains Magazine - Trains News Wire, Railroad News, Railroad Industry News, Web Cams and Forms". cs.trains.com. Retrieved 2021-01-05.
  9. ^ "Steam Locomotive Information". www.steamlocomotive.info. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  10. ^ Kraemer (2003), p. 43.
  11. ^ Times-News, Greg LarryCumberland (17 September 2013). "Two classic train engines arrive for 25th anniversary". The Cumberland Times-News. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  12. ^ "Store". Vintage Trains | DVDS, CDS, Video on Demand. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  13. ^ "1309 Restoration | Western Maryland Scenic Railroad". Western Maryland Railroad. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  14. ^ "HawkinsRails - Western Maryland Scenic Railroad". hawkinsrails.net. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  15. ^ "| FRA". dotcms.fra.dot.gov. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
  16. ^ Burkhart, M.T. (March 8, 2022). "Western Maryland Scenic to Evaluate 2-8-0 For Restoration". Railfan & Railroad. White River Productions. Archived from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 9, 2022.
  17. ^ "Western Maryland Steam Roster Part 1 - NE Rails". www.northeast.railfan.net. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  18. ^ "West Virginia Central & Pittsburgh / Western Maryland 2-8-0 "Consolidation" Locomotives in the USA". www.steamlocomotive.com. Retrieved 2021-08-06.

External links Edit