Western Connecticut State University

Western Connecticut State University (Western, Western Connecticut, Western Connecticut State, WestConn, and WCSU) is a public university in Danbury, Connecticut. It consists of four schools and one division: the Ancell School of Business (which includes the Justice & Law Administration program), the Macricostas School of Arts and Sciences, the School of Visual and Performing Arts, the School of Professional Studies, and the Division of Graduate Studies.

Western Connecticut State University
WestConn logo.jpg
TypePublic
Established1903
Endowment$12.8 million[1]
PresidentJohn B. Clark
Academic staff
223 (FT), 308 (PT)
Administrative staff
876 (223 full-time faculty, 308 part-time faculty)
Undergraduates5,952
Postgraduates510
Location, ,
United States

41°24′00″N 73°26′37″W / 41.399954°N 73.443584°W / 41.399954; -73.443584Coordinates: 41°24′00″N 73°26′37″W / 41.399954°N 73.443584°W / 41.399954; -73.443584
CampusUrban, 398 acres (1.61 km2) on two campuses
ColorsNavy Blue and Orange[2]
         
AthleticsNCAA Division IIILittle East, ECAC
NicknameColonials
AffiliationsConnecticut State University System
Sports14 varsity teams[3]
MascotChuck the Colonial
Websitewww.wcsu.edu
Western Connecticut State University.svg

Founded in 1903, WCSU is part of the Connecticut State University (CSU) system, the primary division of the Connecticut State Colleges & Universities (CSCU) system, which also includes Eastern, Southern and Central Connecticut state universities; CSCU as a whole consists of those universities in addition to a number of community colleges. Between the four state universities, more than 34,000 students are enrolled, with more than 5,700 students enrolled at WCSU.[4] (As of the Fall 2016 semester.)

WCSU is home to the Jane Goodall Center for Excellence in Environmental Studies, which is the result of a partnership between WCSU and the Jane Goodall Institute (a private non-profit organization that promotes research, education and wildlife conservation). The university's Westside campus houses the Ives Concert Park, one of the premier performance venues in the area.

Western Connecticut State University is part of the Little East Conference and Massachusetts State Collegiate Athletic Conference.

HistoryEdit

Founding and growthEdit

 
The entrance gates of WCSU's Midtown campus, located in downtown Danbury.

Western was founded in 1903 as a teachers' college, training the primary and secondary school educators for Connecticut's Fairfield County and surrounding areas. The school's name has changed over the years as it has focused on additional areas of study. First named the Danbury Normal School (also known as the Danbury State Normal School), starting in 1937 it was called the Danbury State Teachers College, a name it retained until the late 1950s. The college was renamed Danbury State College in 1959, then Western Connecticut State College in 1967, and finally, in 1983, Western Connecticut State University.[5] In 2011, governance of the university was transferred to the Connecticut State Colleges & Universities system.

In 1904, 41 students were enrolled in the first classes on campus, the number of enrollments climbing to 362 students by 1912.

WXCI and music publicizationEdit

In 1968, WCSU's radio station, WXCI (91.7 FM), then going by the call sign WCST and broadcasting with AM transmission, was established.

In 1973 WCST was switched from AM to FM transmission, obtained an FCC license, was renamed WXCI, and went on air under that call sign.

In the early 1980s, WXCI became one of the first FM stations to focus on alternative rock. Throughout the 80s the station was instrumental in promoting the work of a number of contemporary bands and musicians: While the station is perhaps best known for popularizing the English band Duran Duran in the United States, it also helped to familiarize the American audience with other projects and musicians from Great Britain, such as Elvis Costello and Culture Club, and it popularized among residents of the Northeastern U.S. the West Coast punk group Black Flag and the Georgia-based R.E.M., while also providing greater listenership to New York City's Talking Heads. Thurston Moore, a founding member of Sonic Youth, attended WCSU for a quarter during the fall of 1976, though he left afterward.

Jane Goodall Institute and environmental projectsEdit

In 1995, the Jane Goodall Center for Excellence in Environmental Studies (JGC) was founded on campus. The Center is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization dedicated to environmental stewardship and conservation, and wildlife education and research, being the result of a partnership between Western and the Jane Goodall Institute (JGI). Since the Center's founding, its namesake, primatologist Dr. Jane Goodall, has visited Western on at least a dozen occasions to give lectures on the issue of ecology.

The Center has also hosted a number of seminars and public talks by other environmentalist speakers at the university: Notably, Smithsonian ethnobotanist Mark Plotkin and veteran ecologist Thomas Lovejoy spoke at the university in 1998, and in 2013 ocean conservationist Fabien Cousteau presented a public seminar on campus.

In 2005, Western was established by JGI as a "National Center for University Roots and Shoots"; this event resulted in the institution of the eponymous student environmental club, a chapter of the international Roots & Shoots (also known as Jane Goodall's Roots & Shoots), on campus. Roots & Shoots is a subsidiary organization of JGI, and its WCSU chapter is one of only several based in the United States. The club's office, located in the Midtown campus's White Hall, remained the first of its kind between 2005 and 2012; afterwards, the organization's international headquarters was established at JGI's head office in Washington, D.C.

Roots & Shoots serves as, according to the university and the JGC, "a regional and national office of excellence in training university students, faculty and administrators to develop programs for K-12 and college students in local, regional and global conservation."

Significant visitors and lecturesEdit

The university was visited by former President Bill Clinton in 2005 and by the 14th Dalai Lama in 2012.

StructureEdit

SchoolsEdit

  • Ancell School of Business
  • Macricostas School of Arts and Sciences
  • School of Visual and Performing Arts
  • School of Professional Studies
  • Division of Graduate Studies

CampusEdit

Western has two campuses, midtown and westside, both located in Danbury. The campuses are three miles (5 km) apart and connected by a university shuttle service.

The midtown campus is the original campus, located on White Street near downtown Danbury and the Main Street Historic District. It is home to the Macricostas School of Arts and Sciences, School of Professional Studies, and most of the university's administration. Dormitories on this campus include Fairfield Hall, Litchfield Hall, and Newbury Hall. The Midtown student center is located on this campus. In 2018, the fully renovated Higgins Hall reopened. Higgins Hall features the MSAS Dean's offices, state-of-the-art communication, media, and computer technology.

The westside campus is located on land purchased in 1969 on the outskirts of Danbury. This 439-acre (1.78 km2) lot is home to the Ancell School of Business, the School of Visual and Performing Arts, the Westside Nature Preserve, an amphitheater and three residence halls. Westside also houses athletic facilities, including the William O'Neill Athletic and Convocation Center (completed in 1995), and the Westside Athletic Complex (completed in 2003), as well as an observatory with a 20-inch Ritchy-Chretien telescope and a 20-foot planetarium dome. On January 23, 2007, the Westside Campus Center was officially opened. This new facility serves as a student center, meeting and banquet facility for the Westside campus. In August 2014, the Westside campus saw the opening of the new Visual and Performing Arts Center, a comprehensive arts building with Theatre Arts, Music and Visual Arts wings.

A major improvement program was started in the mid-1990s to beautify the campus. Several parking lots became green space, and improvements were made to the landscaping.

In April 2013, startup of a newly installed fuel cell power unit for the Science Building on the university's Midtown campus began. The PureCell System, provided by ClearEdge Power, will support the university to reap significant energy cost savings and enhanced electricity and heating efficiencies. [6]

The Midtown campus Science Building was the first state-funded building project to seek LEED Silver certification from the U.S. Green Building Council. The Visual and Performing Arts Center as well as Centennial Hall also obtained LEED certification. In 2014, WCSU installed four EV (electric vehicle) charging stations, two on each campus. These charging stations are available to both students and the public, free of charge. The university is a participant in EV Connecticut Electric Vehicle Charging Solutions program.

The "WestConn at Waterbury" program is located on the campus of Naugatuck Valley Community College in Waterbury, Connecticut. The program offers completion courses for a Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) in management or a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), as well as a Master of Health Administration (M.H.A.).[7]

BuildingsEdit

Midtown CampusEdit

  • University Hall (Administrative Offices)
  • White Hall (Classrooms & Faculty Offices)
  • Warner Hall (Classrooms & Faculty Offices)
  • Ruth A. Haas Library
  • Berkshire Hall (Classrooms, Gymnasium, Wellness Center & Faculty Offices)
  • Science Building (Classrooms, Laboratories, PureCell fuel cell & Faculty Offices)
  • Old Main (Registrar, Fin. Aid, Cashier & Offices)
  • Higgins Hall (Classrooms, Dean, & Faculty Offices)
  • Fairfield Hall (Residence Hall)
  • Newbury Hall (Residence Hall)
  • Litchfield Hall (Residence Hall)
  • Student Center
  • Alumni Hall (Child Care)
  • Kathwari Honors House

Westside CampusEdit

  • Classroom Building (Classrooms, Robert Young Library & Faculty Offices)
  • Campus Center (Student Center & Multi-use facility)
  • Visual and Performing Arts Center (Houses School of Visual and Performing Arts)
  • O'Neill Center (Feldman Arena, Sports Facilities)
  • Football Stadium (Westside Athletic Center)
  • Rugby Field
  • Football Practice Field
  • Softball Field
  • Baseball Stadium
  • Tennis Facilities
  • Pinney Hall (Residence Hall)
  • Centennial Hall (Residence Hall)
  • Grasso Hall (Residence Hall)
  • Observatory
  • Ives Concert Park

Student bodyEdit

As of November 2014, WCSU has an enrollment of 5,952 undergraduate students, including 4,422 full-time and 1,530 part-time students.

Most of the students at WestConn come from the Tri-State Area comprising Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey. Nearly all commuter students come from western Connecticut and Putnam, Dutchess, and Westchester counties in New York.

According to the university, students claiming Connecticut residency come from 99 of the state's 169 municipalities.

Women constitute 50.9% of the entering class (394 of 774), and members of traditionally underrepresented groups constitute 28.6% of the entering class (221 of 774).

The student-to-faculty ratio as of November 2014 is 13.7 to 1 (Total Student FTE divided by Total Faculty FTE).

Student lifeEdit

The Roger Sherman Debate Society participates in policy debate tournaments sanctioned by the Cross Examination Debate Association. The team competes in the North East Conference as well as the national circuit. Western is the only university in Connecticut that offers a policy debate team.[8]

CommunicationsEdit

Radio stationEdit

The college's radio station, WXCI, broadcasts at 91.7 FM to Connecticut and New York at 3,000 watts. It also streams its broadcasts on the internet at WXCI.org. WXCI's radio transmitter is located on the westside campus, while its studio is in the main campus (midtown) student center.

Student newspaperEdit

The Echo is the university's student newspaper, founded in 1955, and subsidized by the students' activity fees. It has an editorial board which makes strategic and operational decisions on behalf of the newspaper. The Echo is published weekly in tabloid format, though in the past it has been published in broadsheet format. The Echo launched a new website, echo.wcsu.edu, in 2012.[9]

AthleticsEdit

Western Connecticut State competes at the NCAA Division III level and is a member of the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC) and the Little East Conference (LEC). The university fields teams in baseball, basketball, cross country, lacrosse, football, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, and volleyball. Western Connecticut State also fields several nationally competitive club sports on campus including men's rugby, women's rugby, dance, cheerleading, and men's hockey.

Sports venuesEdit

Varsity
  • Field Hockey: Westside Athletic Complex
  • Baseball: Athletic fields baseball stadium
  • Basketball: Feldman Arena at the O'Neill Center
  • Football: Westside Athletic Complex (a.k.a. WAC), football stadium
  • Lacrosse: Westside Athletic Complex
  • Women's Lacrosse: Westside Athletic Complex
  • Soccer: Westside Athletic Complex
  • Softball: Athletic fields softball field
  • Swimming: O'Neill Center
  • Tennis: O'Neil Center outdoor tennis courts
  • Volleyball: Feldman Arena at the O'Neill Center
  • Golf
Non-varsity
  • Hockey: Danbury Ice Arena
  • Rugby: Athletic practice fields

MascotEdit

The original Western Connecticut State mascot was an Indian. A mascot committee formed to find a less offensive name in 1974 recommended changing the name to Colonials, "a name that our teams can carry with respect."[10] The official mascot became Chuck the Colonial, a man in a blue Tricorne hat. Following the killing of George Floyd and pressure from alumni and students in June 2020, the university announced the formation of a committee to determine the fate of the mascot and the Colonials nickname.[11]

Notable peopleEdit

AlumniEdit

FacultyEdit

  • Patricia E. Cladis (d. 2017), Chinese-born Canadian American physicist and researcher, specialist in liquid crystal physics
    • Assistant professor of physics (taught 1963 – 1964)
  • Jimmy Greene, jazz saxophonist, gospel musician, producer
    • Assistant professor of music (teaching 2012 – present)
    • Coordinator of jazz studies
  • Sal Salvador (d. 1999), bebop and jazz guitarist, music educator and instructor
  • Deborah Weisz, jazz composer, trombonist, and musician; performer alongside Frank Sinatra from 1987 to 1994 (teaching ? – ?)
    • Adjunct instructor of music

Meteorology program/Weather CenterEdit

WestConn has the only bachelor's degree program in meteorology in southern New England.[citation needed] It is part of the Department of Physics, Astronomy, and Meteorology. The program prepares students for graduate studies in meteorology and earth sciences and provides the necessary coursework for employment with the National Weather Service. It also contains an option in broadcast meteorology. The Science Building on the Midtown campus houses the Meteorological Studies and Weather Center (MSWC), which provides forecasting services for industrial and media clients, and conducts forensic climatological and meteorological studies. The MSWC also contains a TV studio, forecast center, and research area which support the meteorology program.

Astronomical facilitiesEdit

WestConn houses two observatories, one public and one for undergraduate and graduate students and faculty. The Midtown observatory is located on the top of the Science Building. It is used for both students and on public viewing nights. The telescope has a 6-inch (150 mm) refractor and an 8-inch (200 mm) Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope. There is also a planetarium for teaching and public star shows.

The West Side campus houses a large-format thermoelectrically cooled CCD camera and is specifically used for astrophysical studies.[14]

Library archive collectionsEdit

The Archives and Special Collections Library at WestConn is the archival repository for the historical records of the university and is a significant repository for collections relating to the history of the Danbury and greater western Connecticut area.[15]

The mission of the Archives is to collect and make accessible the WCSU administrative records, faculty papers, university publications, theses, visual materials, and other media created by the University. It also includes non-WCSU affiliated personal papers, local government and organizational records, visual materials, maps, journals and other media that document the history of this region. The archival holdings amount to approximately 750 linear feet.[16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2011. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2011 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2010 to FY 2011" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers. January 17, 2012. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2012.
  2. ^ "Western Connecticut State University Official Color Palette" (PDF). Western Connecticut State University. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 25, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  3. ^ NCAA.com. NCAA.com (2011-02-25). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  4. ^ "Western Facts & Figures - Office of the President". www.wcsu.edu.
  5. ^ Brown, Ray C. (December 2, 2014), Connecticut Colleges that have Closed, Merged, Changed Names, retrieved January 8, 2015
  6. ^ News - Power Engineering. Power-eng.com (2013-07-09). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  7. ^ "Western at Waterbury". www.wcsu.edu/. Western Connecticut State University. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  8. ^ Gadkar-Wilcox, Wynn (January 27, 2011), Testimony for Appropriations Committee Meeting on Higher Education (PDF), Connecticut General Assembly, retrieved December 17, 2012
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 30, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Western CT State University Archives' Digital Collections". archives.library.wcsu.edu. Western Connecticut State College. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
  11. ^ Ericson, Scott (June 8, 2020). "Western Connecticut State will consider changing mascot". News Times.
  12. ^ "Markus Gottschlich Joins Steinway & Sons Artists' Roster" (May 5, 2014). Steinway.com
  13. ^ Azerrad, Michael. Our Band Could Be Your Life. New York: Little, Brown, 2001
  14. ^ "Astronomical Facilities". WCSU. December 15, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  15. ^ Janick, Herbert. A people's university : the centennial history of Western Connecticut State University, 1903–2003. Danbury, Conn. : The University, 2002.
  16. ^ "Western Connecticut State University Archives and Special Collections – Documenting WestConn and its surrounding area". archives-library.wcsu.edu.

External linksEdit