Westcombe Park is a largely residential area in Blackheath in the Royal Borough of Greenwich, south-east London, England. It is bounded by the main London-Dartford railway line to the north, the Blackwall Tunnel southern approach to the east, the Blackheath common to the south and a road, Vanbrugh Hill, to the west (named after the architect and playwright Sir John Vanbrugh who built his house Vanbrugh Castle nearby in Maze Hill).
Westcombe is a topographical place name, derived from Combe, a common old English word for 'valley', often formed into a compound name - in this case with the adjective 'West'.
Sites of interestEdit
Much of Westcombe Park lies within the Westcombe Park Conservation Area, designated in 2002. Broadly, this covers an area bounded to the north by the stretch of railway line between Vanbrugh Hill and Westcombe Hill, to the east by the A102 Blackwall Tunnel southern approach, to the south by Westcombe Park Road, and to the west by Ulundi Road.
Its most notable existing landmark, and only Listed building (grade II), is Woodlands House, in Mycenae Road. This four-storey Georgian villa (architect: George Gibson) still lies in its own grounds and was built between 1774 and 1776 for John Julius Angerstein, a Lloyd's underwriter and merchant whose collection of old master paintings was bought for the nation in 1824, following his death, to form the nucleus of the National Gallery, London.
The Angerstein family continued to live in Woodlands House until about 1870. It was later acquired by Sir Alfred Yarrow, a shipbuilder, in 1896.
From about 1923, the house served as a convent; neighbouring Mycenae House (formerly Kidbrooke House) was built in 1933 to provide dormitory space for the Little Sisters of the Assumption convent. Woodlands was then acquired by the London Borough of Greenwich in 1967 and opened as a Local History Library and Art Gallery (Woodlands Art Gallery) in 1972, while Mycenae House continues to serve as a community centre. Woodlands was leased by the London Borough of Greenwich in November 2007 to The Greenwich Steiner school.
To the west of Woodlands House was Westcombe Manor, former family seat of the Ballards, the Lambardes, and Sir Theophilus Biddulph (1612–1683; see also Biddulph baronets). The original house was rebuilt in 1723 by Sir Gregory Page, and let to tenants who included Lavinia Fenton, Dowager Duchess of Bolton, who died at the house in 1760 (Peachum Road is named after a role, Polly Peachum, played by Fenton as an actress). In 1796, the building was described in Daniel Lysons' Environs of London:
- "West-Combe-park, the site of this manor, was granted by Sir Gregory Page on a long lease to Captain Galfridus Walpole, (younger brother of Sir Robert, and uncle of the present Earl of Orford) who built the present house. The lease of West-Combepark afterwards came into the possession of Charles, third Duke of Bolton, who resided there for several years with Lavinia Fenton, the celebrated Polly Peachem, whom he married on the decease of his Duchess. The Duke died in 1754; Lavinia Duchess of Bolton in 1760, when West-Combe-park became the property of her son, the Rev. Mr. Powlett, in whom the remainder of the lease (which expires in 1824) is now vested. Since the Duchess's death WestCombe has been in the successive occupation of Lord Clive, the Marquis of Lothian, his widow the Marchioness, the Duchess of Athol, Mr. Halliday the banker, and William Petrie, Esq. It is now the residence of William Holmes, Esq. who has the remainder of an under lease granted to Mr. Halliday. West-Combe-house is situated on the verge of a steep hill, agreeably diversified with plantations, and commanding a fine view of the river."
It was later, from 1827, leased as the home of Deptford shipbuilder, shipowner and timber merchant Thomas Brockelbank (co-founder of the General Steam Navigation Company), after whose death, on 10 June 1843, it was eventually demolished in 1855.
St George's ChurchEdit
St George's Church (on a sloping site on the corner of Kirkside Road and Glenluce Road) is a Victorian red-brick structure completed in 1892 (architect: Newman & Newman). As well as a place of worship it is also home to a Rudolf Steiner or Waldorf School-style nursery school.
In the early 2000s, Westcombe Park was used as a location by the BBC soap opera EastEnders. The footbridge from which Andy Hunter, played by Michael Higgs, was pushed to his death is easily identifiable as the bridge (over the A102 Blackwall Tunnel southern approach) that runs from Farmdale Road to Westcombe Park railway station.
At the foot of Westcombe Hill, there is a newsagent and a hairdresser's shop.
At the top of Westcombe Hill, the "Blackheath Standard" or "Standard" area has numerous shops including a Marks & Spencer's Simply Food outlet, a fish and chip shop, a children's toy shop, estate agents, a cake shop, cafes, hairdressers, a Chinese restaurant and take-away, newsagents, a greengrocer, a butcher, and a DIY shop. There is also a library and a post office. The library is equipped with wi-fi Internet access and has a range of music and video DVDs as well as books and journals.
There is a small park in the centre of the Standard. It was originally a village green, known during the 18th century as Sheepgate Green, marking the intersection of four major roads. Around 1885 local philanthropist William Fox Batley had the green refurbished and it became known as Batley Green or Batley Park, though it also wrongly known as Bartley Park. Batley's contribution is recorded in an inscription on a memorial fountain, and he is also commemorated by a stained glass window in the nearby church of St John the Evangelist.
There is one public house in the Westcombe Park area - the Royal Standard (from which the Standard area takes its name) on the corner of Vanbrugh Park and Stratheden Road - and four nearby: the Angerstein Hotel and The River on Woolwich Road to the north, the Vanbrugh Tavern on Colomb Street to the west, and the British Oak on Old Dover Road to the southeast. There are also two licensed restaurants on Station Crescent, near Westcombe Park station, and a licensed bar in Mycenae House.
There are several dental and general practitioner surgeries around the Standard. Since the 2001 closure and later demolition of Greenwich District Hospital, situated at the northern end of Maze Hill, the nearest hospital is the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woolwich.
Sports facilities, involvement in Olympic Games, and Rugby ClubEdit
Various sporting events take place in or close to Westcombe Park. Blackheath rugby club is located to the east. To the west, Greenwich Park also hosts rugby, plus cricket matches, has tennis courts, and is popular with joggers and walkers. The London Marathon and (from 2008 to 2013) the Run to the Beat half marathon routes both took runners though the Westcombe Park area each year.
Westcombe Park rugby club was originally formed in Westcombe Park, but is no longer based there. Having played on fields in Lee, Shooter's Hill and Sidcup, it currently operates from a sports ground in Orpington.
- Stephan Andersen, former Charlton Athletic F.C. goalkeeper lived at 36 Westcombe Park Road during his time at the club.
- John Julius Angerstein, Lloyd's underwriter, merchant and art-collector lived at Woodlands House.
- Lavinia Fenton, Dowager Duchess of Bolton, actress lived and died (1760) at Westcombe Manor.
- Nick Ferrari, radio presenter.
- Malcolm Hardee, anarchic comedian lived briefly at 33 Glenluce Road, SE3 in the late 1990s.
- Jools Holland, TV personality and musician has a recording studio complex in Westcombe Park.
- Vic Reeves and Bob Mortimer lived in the area in the early days of their double act, and performed at the Tramshed in Woolwich.
- Sir Alfred Yarrow, shipbuilder lived at Woodlands House from 1896.
A local community newsletter, the Westcombe News, is produced by the local community association, the Westcombe Society.
Nearby tube stationsEdit
- North Greenwich tube station - bus routes 108 and 422 run from Blackheath Standard
Nearby DLR stations:
Nearby railway stationsEdit
Westcombe Park essentially lies to the south of the railway line between Maze Hill and Westcombe Park stations.
A little further away, there is:
The following buses run through Blackheath Standard and either through or around Westcombe Park:
- 108 between Lewisham station and Stratford station.
- 286 between Greenwich and Sidcup Queen Mary's Hospital.
- 386 between Blackheath village and Woolwich town centre.
- 422 between Bexleyheath shopping centre and North Greenwich tube station.
- 53 between Whitehall and Plumstead.
- 54 between Elmers End and Woolwich.
- 202 between Blackheath Standard and Crystal Palace.
- Ward Map, Royal Borough of Greenwich. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- "Blackheath Westcombe Demographics (Greenwich, England)". blackheath-westcombe.localstats.co.uk. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Westcombe Park Conservation Area: Character Appraisal, March 2010. Accessed: 20 July 2015
- Westcombe Park Conservation Area map. Accessed: 20 July 2015.
- "Consultations on future of historic building". newsshopper.co.uk. 2003. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Payne, Samantha. School secures 150-year lease, News Shopper, 4 July 2006. Accessed: 20 August 2015.
- Ballard family tree
- English Jacobean Families
- Greenwich Guide - Greenwich Day by Day - January
- From: 'Greenwich', The Environs of London: volume 4: Counties of Herts, Essex & Kent (1796), pp. 426-93. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=45486&strquery=Woodlands%20Blackheath. Date accessed: 24 September 2007.
- Reported in The Kentish Independent, 17 June 1843 - extract reproduced at The Brockelbank family. Accessed 18 August 2015.
- Railway London Bridge to Gravesend. Maze Hill, Edith's Streets. Accessed: 18 August 2015.
- Gearing, Albert W. "Greenwich as it used to be". GMT2000. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
- Rimel, Diana (2006), "History of the Standard", Westcombe News, February 2006, p.6. Accessed: 20 July 2015.
- St. John the Evangelist, Blackheath: insertion of stained glass window in memory of William Fox Batley. National Archives Record. Accessed: 20 July 2015