Westbourne Park tube station

Westbourne Park is a London Underground station in the Notting Hill area of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. It is on the Circle and Hammersmith and City lines, between Ladbroke Grove and Royal Oak stations, and is in Travelcard Zone 2.[3]

Westbourne Park London Underground
Westbourne Park tube station MMB 01 S Stock.jpg
Westbourne Park is located in Greater London
Westbourne Park
Westbourne Park
Location of Westbourne Park in Greater London
LocationNotting Hill
Local authorityRoyal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Managed byLondon Underground
OwnerLondon Underground
Number of platforms2
Fare zone2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2014Steady 3.73 million[1]
2015Increase 3.79 million[1]
2016Increase 3.98 million[1]
2017Increase 4.13 million[1]
2018Decrease 3.64 million[2]
Railway companies
Original companyHammersmith and City Railway
Key dates
1 February 1866H&C station opened
30 October 1871GW main line station opened
1 November 1871H&C station resited
13 March 1992GW main line station closed
Other information
External links
WGS8451°31′16″N 0°12′04″W / 51.52111°N 0.20111°W / 51.52111; -0.20111Coordinates: 51°31′16″N 0°12′04″W / 51.52111°N 0.20111°W / 51.52111; -0.20111
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

HistoryEdit

Although the Metropolitan Railway (MR) had been extended to Notting Hill and Hammersmith on 1 June 1864, the first station by this name did not open until 1 February 1866.[4][5] In 1867, with the companies on better terms, the MR bought a share of the Hammersmith & City Railway (H&CR) from the Great Western Railway (GWR), after which it eliminated the broad gauge track and operated almost all the trains (the H&CR's identity being effectively lost).[4]

The original station closed on 31 October 1871, and was replaced the following day by a new station[4] constructed to the east of the original.[6] To remove this traffic from its own busy main line, the GWR built a new pair of tracks from Paddington to Westbourne Park, and on 12 May 1878 it opened a dive-under to remove conflicts where the service crossed the main line.[4][note 1] A bomb planted by the Suffragettes was discovered at the station on 16 May 1913.[7]

The Circle line was extended to Hammersmith in 2009.[8] The line now operates between Hammersmith and Edgware Road via a single complete circuit of the previous route.[8][note 2] This was done with the aim of improving reliability by providing a place for trains to terminate after each trip rather than letting delays accumulate.[8] However, it means that no trains through Notting Hill Gate go east of Edgware Road.[8]

National Rail platformsEdit

 
Victorian Turntable excavated near the station
 
Victorian engine shed excavated near the station

The GWR opened platforms on the Great Western Main Line on 30 October 1871, but these closed in March 1992.[9] The Up line through the station had a 30 mph (48 km/h) speed limit, which was unacceptable for the planned Heathrow Express services; instead of modifying the station's platforms, British Rail decided that it would be more cost-effective to dispense with them, and closure notices were posted on 13 December 1990.[10]

Royal Oak, another station on the Hammersmith & City line, was also once served by the GWR, but its services were withdrawn in 1934.[11] Today, the first stop out of Paddington is at Acton Main Line. Industrial archaeologists have found the remains of buildings including a broad gauge train shed for Brunel's original lines, a turntable, and engine sheds in excavations east of the station as part of the land clearance work for the Crossrail project.[12]

ConnectionsEdit

London Bus routes 7, 18, 23, 28, 31, 36, 70 and 328,[13] and night routes N28 and N31[14] serve the station. In addition, bus route 23 provides a 24-hour bus service.[13]

In popular cultureEdit

The station was featured in the video of the Boris Gardiner song "I Want to Wake Up with You".[15][16]

Notes and referencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ These tracks were dedicated to Underground use, but they only came into LU control on 1 January 1948 and ownership on 1 January 1950.[4]
  2. ^ Hammersmith, Edgware Road, Liverpool Street, Tower Hill, South Kensington, High Street Kensington, Paddington, and Edgware Road (and vice versa).[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007-2017)" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  3. ^ Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. May 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 July 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e Clive's Underground Line Guides – Hammersmith & City line
  5. ^ Butt 1995, p. 244
  6. ^ Rose 2007
  7. ^ "Suffragette Bombs, 1912 - 1914". Standing Well Back. 8 February 2018. Archived from the original on 25 April 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e Clive's Underground Line Guides – Circle line
  9. ^ "Westbourne Park Railway Station (site), 2009 Thompson, Nigel Geograph.org.uk; Retrieved 25 April 2017
  10. ^ Leigh, Chris, ed. (March 1991). "Rail report: Westbourne Park closure". Railway World. 52 (611): 165.
  11. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley- page78/79
  12. ^ Hamish McDougall (2014). "Crossrail uncovers Brunel's railway heritage". Crossrail. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  13. ^ a b "Buses from Westbourne Park" (PDF). Transport for London. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  14. ^ Westbourne Park Underground Station – Bus
  15. ^ Tube Facts – Music Videos filmed on the tube
  16. ^ Westbourne Park tube station is seen in the video from 0:58 to 1:43.

BibliographyEdit

  • Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Rose, Douglas (December 2007) [1980]. The London Underground: A Diagrammatic History (8th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-315-0.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Preceding station     London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Aldgate)
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking
  Historical railways  
Preceding station     London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Metropolitan line
Hammersmith branch (1864–1990)
towards Paddington
Preceding station     National Rail   Following station
Acton
Line and station open
  Great Western Railway
Great Western Main Line
  Royal Oak
Line and station open
Old Oak Lane Halt
Line open, station closed
  Great Western Railway
New North Main Line
 
Acton Main Line
Line and station open
  Network SouthEast
Great Western Main Line
  London Paddington
Line and station open