West Kazakhstan Region

West Kazakhstan Region (Kazakh: Батыс Қазақстан облысы, romanized: Batys Qazaqstan oblysy; Russian: Западно-Казахстанская область, romanizedZapadno-Kazakhstanskaya oblast) is a region of Kazakhstan. The region has a population of 656,844 as of 2019.[2] Its administrative centre is Oral (also known as Uralsk and Ural'sk), a city of about 200,000 inhabitants.

West Kazakhstan Region

Батыс Қазақстан облысы
Западно-Казахстанская область
Steppe of western Kazakhstan in the early spring.jpg
Coat of arms of West Kazakhstan Region
Coat of arms
Map of Kazakhstan, location of West Kazakhstan Region highlighted
Map of Kazakhstan, location of West Kazakhstan Region highlighted
Coordinates: 51°14′N 51°22′E / 51.233°N 51.367°E / 51.233; 51.367Coordinates: 51°14′N 51°22′E / 51.233°N 51.367°E / 51.233; 51.367
Country Kazakhstan
CapitalOral
Government
 • AkimGali Iskaliev
Area
 • Total151,339 km2 (58,432 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total656,844
 • Density4.3/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (West)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (not observed)
Postal codes
090000
Area codes+7 (711)
ISO 3166 codeKZ-ZAP
Vehicle registration07, L
Districts12
Cities2
Villages512
Websitebko.gov.kz/en/

GeographyEdit

The region borders Russia and is near the Ural Mountains. The Ural River is the border between Asia and Europe and flows from Russia to the Caspian Sea through the region, meaning western West Kazakhstan is in Eastern Europe. West Kazakhstan region borders Aktobe Region to the east and Atyrau Region to the south, in addition to the following Russian Oblasts: Astrakhan Oblast to the south-west, Volgograd Oblast to the west, Saratov Oblast to the north-west, Samara Oblast to the north and Orenburg Oblast to the north-east.

It is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2020, the West Kazakhstan Region has a population of 656,844.[3]

Ethnic groups (2020):[4]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The region is divided into twelve districts and the city of Oral.[2][5]

Name Population (2019)[2] Area (km²) Density (/km2) Capital Continent
Oral City Administration [ru] 314,657 731 430.45 Oral Europe
Akzhaik 40,102 25,200 1.59 Chapaev both
Bokey Orda 15,026 19,200 0.78 Saykyn Europe
Borili 56,533 5,600 10.10 Aksay Asia
Kaztal 28,823 18,600 1.55 Kaztal Europe
Karatobe 15,328 10,000 1.53 Karatobe Asia
Zhanakala 24,023 20,800 1.15 Zhanakala Europe
Zhanybek 16,083 8,200 1.96 Zhanybek Europe
Shyngyrlau 14,598 7,200 2.03 Shyngyrlau Asia
Bayterek 58,595 7,400 7.92 Peremyotnoye Europe
Syrym 18,520 11,900 1.56 Zhympity Asia
Taskala 16,582 8,100 2.05 Taskala Europe
Terekti 37,974 8,400 4.52 Fyodorovka both

Two localities in the region have town status. These are Oral and Aksay.[5]

EconomyEdit

In the first half of 2019, the gross regional product amounted to ₸1.4 trillion, an increase of ₸145 million from the previous year.[citation needed] For 9 months of this year,[clarification needed] industrial output amounted to almost ₸1.8 trillion.[citation needed] For the first quarter of 2020, the West Kazakhstan Region reported an unemployment rate of 4.8%, and an average monthly salary of ₸186,857.[6]

The development of the agro-industrial complex is also one of the drivers of the region’s economy. During the first half of 2020, the gross agricultural production of the region totaled ₸59.8252 billion, of which ₸59.6761 billion came from livestock farming, and the remaining amount coming from crop production and various agricultural services.[7] The main crops grown in the region include wheat, barley, sunflower, safflower, and potatoes.[7] As of July 1, 2020, the region has approximately 691,800 heads of cattle, 227,100 horses, 1.63 million heads of poultry, 1.21 million heads of sheep, 243,900 goats, 16,200 pigs, and 2,300 camels.[7] There are 196 agricultural cooperatives registered in the region.[7]

In general, today 42 large new investment projects worth over ₸1 trillion are being implemented in the region, creating about 5,000 jobs.[citation needed] As of 2020, the region has 7 large-scale investment projects with foreign participation, totaling about ₸1.9 trillion, and projected by the regional government to create more than 500 jobs.[8]

CultureEdit

The West Kazakhstan Region has a rich historical and cultural heritage. In the region, there are more than 6,000 historical and archaeological sites of different eras and more than 500 historical, architectural and art monuments, 14 of which are monuments of national significance.[citation needed] In the field of culture and art of the region there are 717 state-run organizations.[citation needed] In order to study, preserve and popularize the historical and cultural heritage in the region there are 24 museums in the region, including 2 private ones, and 13 in rural areas.[9] At the end of 2019, the region was home to 364 libraries, of which, 340 were in rural areas, hosting 1,303,352 visitors and 5,819,524 works.[9] The region's libraries are in a process of digitalizing their works, with 4,642 books and 175 other works being digitalized in the first half of 2020.[9] The region is also home to 263 cultural centers, 237 of which are located in rural areas.[9]

SportEdit

The capital Oral is home to Kazakhstan's only professional bandy club, Akzhaiyk. In 2016 the national championship was won by the regional team[10] and in the variety rink bandy, a national title was obtained in 2014.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Солтүстiк Қазақстан облысының ресми интернет-ресурсы | БАСТЫСЫ". Sko.kz. 2018-08-13. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  2. ^ a b c d Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2019 года (in Russian and Kazakh). Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Retrieved 2020-05-17.
  3. ^ "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2020 года". Stat.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  4. ^ "Численность населения Республики Казахстан по отдельным этносам на начало 2020 года". Stat.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  5. ^ a b История [History] (in Russian). Западно-Казахстанская область. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  6. ^ ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ (in Russian). Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Archived from the original on 2020-08-03. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  7. ^ a b c d Сельское хозяйство [Agriculture] (in Russian). Akimat of the West Kazakhstan Region. Archived from the original on 2020-08-03. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  8. ^ Инвестиции [Investment] (in Russian). Akimat of the West Kazakhstan Region. Archived from the original on 2020-08-03. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  9. ^ a b c d Культура [Culture] (in Russian). Akimat of the West Kazakhstan region. Archived from the original on 2020-08-03. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  10. ^ "Сборная ЗКО стала чемпионом Казахстана по хоккею с мячом". Sports.kz. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  11. ^ "На чемпионате РК по ринк-бенди команда ЗКО заняла первое место".