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West Gloucestershire (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

The 1950 to 1997 single-member constituency was held by the Labour Party from its creation in 1950 until 1979 and then held by the Conservative Party until its abolition.

BoundariesEdit

1832 to 1885Edit

The constituency was the western division of the historic county of Gloucestershire, in South West England.

The place of election was the small town of Dursley. This was where the hustings were situated and electors voted (by spoken declaration in public, before the secret ballot was introduced in 1872).

The qualification to vote in county elections, in the period, was to be a 40 shilling freeholder.

The parliamentary borough constituencies of Cheltenham, Cirencester, Gloucester, Stroud, and Tewkesbury were all located in East Gloucestershire. Qualified freeholders from those boroughs could vote in the eastern county division. Bristol was a "county of itself", so its freeholders qualified to vote in the borough, not in a county division.

There were no electors qualified to vote in the western division, because they were freehold owners of land in a parliamentary borough.

1950 to 1997Edit

1950–1983: The Rural Districts of East Dean, Lydney, Newent, and West Dean, and part of the Rural District of Gloucester.

1983–1997: The District of Forest of Dean, and the Borough of Tewkesbury wards of Brockworth Glebe, Brockworth Moorfield, Brockworth Westfield, Churchdown Brookfield, Churchdown Parton, Churchdown Pirton, De Winton, Haw Bridge, Highnam, Horsbere, and Innsworth.

The constituency in this period was a smaller part of the county of Gloucestershire than its nineteenth century namesake. It was centred on the Forest of Dean, and indeed the majority of the constituency at abolition formed the new Forest of Dean constituency. About a fifth of the constituency moved to Tewkesbury, with 735 constituents moving to Gloucester.[2]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election resultsEdit

Election in the 1990sEdit

General election 1992: Gloucestershire West[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Paul Marland 29,232 43.6 −2.6
Labour Diana Organ 24,274 36.2 +8.2
Liberal Democrat J. E. Boait 13,366 19.9 −6.0
British Independent A. Reeve 172 0.3 N/A
Twenty First Century C. R. Palmer 75 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,958 7.4 −10.7
Turnout 67,119 83.9 +2.5
Registered electors 80,007
Conservative hold Swing −5.4

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: West Gloucestershire[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Paul Marland 29,257 46.1 +0.3
Labour Peter Sandland-Nielsen 17,758 28.0 +3.3
Social Democratic John Watkinson 16,440 25.9 −3.6
Majority 11,499 18.1 +1.8
Turnout 63,455 81.4 +1.8
Registered electors 77,994
Conservative hold Swing +1.9
1983 United Kingdom general election: West Gloucestershire[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Paul Marland 27,092 45.8 −2.1
Social Democratic John Watkinson 17,440 29.5 +18.7
Labour M. J. Hodkinson 14,572 24.7 −16.2
Majority 9,652 16.3 +9.2
Turnout 59,104 79.6 −4.3
Registered electors 74,266
Conservative hold Swing +7.0

Elections in the 1970sEdit

1979 United Kingdom general election: West Gloucestershire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Paul Marland 28,183 47.9 +7.0
Labour John Watkinson 24,009 40.8 −0.9
Liberal Margaret Joachim 6,370 10.8 −6.5
National Front G. Storkey 270 0.5 N/A
Majority 4,174 7.1 +6.3
Turnout 58,832 83.9 +3.8
Registered electors 70,104
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +3.9
October 1974 United Kingdom general election: West Gloucestershire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Watkinson 22,481 41.7 +1.0
Conservative Paul Marland 22,072 40.9 +3.1
Liberal A. L. MacGregor 9,353 17.4 −3.8
Majority 409 0.8 −2.1
Turnout 53,906 80.2 −3.7
Registered electors 67,239
Labour hold Swing −1.1
February 1974 United Kingdom general election: Gloucestershire West [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Loughlin 22,765 40.7 −5.3
Conservative Paul Marland 21,141 37.8 −6.2
Liberal A. L. MacGregor 11,856 21.2 +11.3
Independent S. S. Hart 171 0.3 -
Majority 1,624 2.9 +0.9
Turnout 55,933 83.9 +7.2
Registered electors 66,706
Labour hold Swing +0.4
1970 United Kingdom general election: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Loughlin 22,637 46.1 −5.6
Conservative Stanley H. A. F. Hopkins 21,530 43.9 +9.3
Liberal J. Alan Svendsen 4,932 10.0 −3.7
Majority 1,107 2.3 −14.9
Turnout 49,099 77.2 −0.8
Registered electors 63,599
Labour hold Swing −7.5

Elections in the 1960sEdit

1966 United Kingdom general election: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Loughlin 23,181 51.8 +1.8
Conservative Stanley H. A. F. Hopkins 15,476 34.5 +0.5
Liberal Kenneth G. Harvey 6,137 13.7 −2.3
Majority 7,705 17.2 +1.3
Turnout 44,794 78.0 −1.6
Registered electors 57,443
Labour hold Swing +0.7
1964 United Kingdom general election: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Loughlin 22,420 49.9 +0.5
Conservative Douglas St P. Barnard 15,300 34.1 −3.0
Liberal Richard A. Cook 7,191 16.0 +2.5
Majority 7,120 15.9 +3.5
Turnout 44,911 79.6 −1.1
Registered electors 56,407
Labour hold Swing +1.7

Elections in the 1950sEdit

1959 United Kingdom general election: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Loughlin 21,634 49.4 −5.5
Conservative Olive K. L. Lloyd-Baker 16,223 37.1 −8.0
Liberal Eric John Radley 5,921 13.5 N/A
Majority 5,411 12.4 +2.5
Turnout 43,778 80.8 +2.1
Registered electors 54,202
Labour hold Swing +1.2
1955 United Kingdom general election: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour M. Philips Price 22,366 54.9 −3.0
Conservative Bryan J. Y. Williams 18,346 45.1 +3.0
Majority 4,020 9.9 −6.0
Turnout 40,712 78.6 −3.7
Registered electors 51,772
Labour hold Swing −3.0
1951 United Kingdom general election: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour M. Philips Price 24,334 57.9 +3.2
Conservative Arthur Russell 17,665 42.1 +9.2
Majority 6,669 15.9 −6.0
Turnout 41,999 82.3 +0.1
Registered electors 51,020
Labour hold Swing −3.0
1950 United Kingdom general election: Gloucestershire West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour M. Philips Price 22,765 54.8 n/a
Conservative Granger F Boston 13,664 32.9 n/a
Liberal Basil Houldsworth 5,125 12.3 n/a
Majority 9,101 21.9 n/a
Turnout 41,554 82.3 n/a
Registered electors 50,513
Labour win

Elections in the 1880sEdit

By-election, 12 Mar 1885: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Benjamin St John Ackers 4,837 52.2 +21.5
Liberal William Marling[20] 4,426 47.8 −21.6
Majority 411 4.4 N/A
Turnout 9,263 72.4 −9.5 (est)
Registered electors 12,802
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +21.6
General election 1880: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Kingscote 5,316 35.2 +2.3
Liberal Henry Reynolds-Moreton 5,164 34.2 +1.5
Conservative Randal Plunkett 4,640 30.7 −3.8
Majority 524 3.5 N/A
Turnout 9,956 (est) 81.9 (est) +5.5
Registered electors 12,162
Liberal hold Swing +2.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.7

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Randal Plunkett 4,553 34.5 +3.6
Liberal Robert Kingscote 4,344 32.9 −2.1
Liberal Charles Berkeley[21] 4,317 32.7 −1.4
Turnout 8,884 (est) 76.4 (est) −4.9
Registered electors 11,632
Majority 209 1.6 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +1.6
Liberal hold Swing −2.0

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1868: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Kingscote 4,985 35.0 N/A
Liberal Samuel Marling 4,862 34.1 N/A
Conservative Edward Arthur Somerset 4,394 30.9 N/A
Majority 468 3.3 N/A
Turnout 9,318 (est) 81.3 (est) N/A
Registered electors 11,463
Liberal hold
Liberal gain from Conservative
By-election, 25 July 1867: West Gloucestershire (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Arthur Somerset 3,649 50.7 N/A
Liberal Charles Berkeley 3,553 49.3 N/A
Majority 96 1.3 N/A
Turnout 7,202 76.9 N/A
Registered electors 9,368
Conservative hold
By-election, 15 November 1866: West Gloucestershire (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Rolt Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1865: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Rolt Unopposed
Liberal Robert Kingscote Unopposed
Registered electors 9,368
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1850sEdit

By-election, 7 July 1859: West Gloucestershire[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Kingscote Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1859: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Kingscote Unopposed
Conservative John Rolt Unopposed
Registered electors 9,167
Liberal hold
Conservative hold
General election 1857: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Robert Kingscote Unopposed
Conservative John Rolt Unopposed
Registered electors 9,250
Whig hold
Conservative hold
General election 1852: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Robert Kingscote 3,528 40.8 +17.5
Conservative Robert Blagden Hale 2,946 34.1 −12.5
Whig Grantley Berkeley 2,166 25.1 −5.0
Turnout 6,474 (est) 75.0 (est) −12.8
Registered electors 8,635
Majority 582 6.7 N/A
Whig hold Swing +11.9
Majority 780 9.0 −7.4
Conservative hold Swing −12.5

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1847: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Blagden Hale 4,240 46.6 N/A
Whig Grantley Berkeley 2,744 30.1 N/A
Whig Grenville Berkeley 2,123 23.3 N/A
Majority 1,496 16.4 N/A
Turnout 6,674 (est) 87.8 (est) N/A
Registered electors 7,601
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1841: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Grantley Berkeley Unopposed
Conservative Robert Blagden Hale Unopposed
Registered electors 7,875
Whig hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1830sEdit

General election 1837: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Grantley Berkeley Unopposed
Conservative Robert Blagden Hale Unopposed
Registered electors 6,936
Whig hold
Conservative hold
West Gloucestershire by-election, 2 January 1836[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Blagden Hale Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1835: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Grantley Berkeley Unopposed
Conservative Henry Somerset Unopposed
Registered electors 6,473
Whig hold
Conservative gain from Whig
General election 1832: West Gloucestershire (2 seats)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Grantley Berkeley 3,153
Whig Augustus Moreton 2,996
Conservative Edward Somerset 2,962
Registered electors 6,521
Whig win (new seat)
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1985-1972. Chichester, Sussex: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0-900178-09-4.
  2. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p. 220 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995).
  3. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)
  4. ^ a b c d e Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 113–114. ISBN 0-900178-13-2. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  5. ^ Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 130. Retrieved 3 August 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Succeeded as the 7th Duke of Beaufort, in November 1835.
  7. ^ 2 January 1836 by-election.
  8. ^ Joined the Liberal Party, when it was formally created following the 1859 general election. Appointed Commissioner of Woods, Forests and Land Revenues in 1885.
  9. ^ "West Gloucestershire Election". Gloucester Journal. 24 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 3 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette". 8 July 1852. p. 3. Retrieved 3 August 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ Appointed Attorney General and knighted in 1866. Appointed Judge of the Court of Appeal in Chancery in 1867.
  12. ^ 25 July 1867 by-election.
  13. ^ 12 March 1885 by-election.
  14. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  18. ^ Percentage change and swing for February 1974 is calculated relative to the BBC notional 1970 constituency result, not actual 1970 result. Notional 1970 results were rounded to the nearest hundred. Constituency data for 1974-83 including 1970 notionals, retrieved 18 July 2017
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 391. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  20. ^ "West Gloucestershire Election". Western Daily Press. 3 March 1885. p. 6. Retrieved 20 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. ^ "Liberalism in the Forest: Meeting at Cinderford". Gloucester Journal. 29 August 1874. p. 7. Retrieved 30 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.

SourcesEdit

  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F. W. S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F. W. S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973))
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)