1983 West German federal election
Federal elections were held in West Germany on 6 March 1983 to elect the members of the 10th Bundestag. The CDU/CSU alliance led by Helmut Kohl remained the largest faction in parliament, with Kohl remaining Chancellor.
All 520 seats in the Bundestag
261 seats were needed for a majority
|Turnout||89.1% (voting eligible)|
Issues and campaignEdit
In October 1982 CDU chairman Helmut Kohl was elected Chancellor by a CDU/CSU and FDP majority in the Bundestag, while the FDP in 1980 still was on the side of the SPD. Early elections were arranged. The SPD encountered difficulties because on the left a new party was emerging, the Greens.
A major issue in this election was the armament question after the NATO Double-Track Decision. It was the first election in 22 years that a party outside the Union, the SPD and the FDP gained seats in the Bundestag.
|Parties||Constituency||Party list||Total seats|
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||15,686,033||40.4||−4.1||68||−59||14,865,807||38.2||−4.7||125||+34||202||−26||38.9|
|Christian Democratic Union (CDU)c||15,943,460||41.0||+5.4||136||+55||14,857,680||38.1||+3.9||55||−38||202||+17||38.9|
|Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU)c||4,318,800||11.1||+0.7||44||+4||4,140,865||10.6||+0.3||9||−3||53||+1||10.2|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||1,087,918||2.8||−4.4||0||±0||2,706,942||6.9||−3.7||34||−19||35||-19||6.7|
|National Democratic Party (NPD)||57,112||0.1||+0.1||0||±0||91,095||0.2||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|German Communist Party (DKP)||96,143||0.2||−0.1||0||±0||64,986||0.2||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|European Workers' Party (EAP)||7,491||0.0||±0||0||±0||14,966||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP)||3,341||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||11,028||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Christian Bavarian People's Party (CBV)||2,068||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||10,994||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Communist Party of Germany (KPD)||–||–||–||–||–||3,431||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Independent Social Democrats (USD)||450||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||3,333||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|League of West German Communists (BWK)||686||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||2,129||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Electoral groups and independents||31,996||0.1||+0.1||0||±0||–||–||–||–||–||0||±0||0|
|Source: Federal Returning Officer|
- ^a — includes the non-voting delegates for West Berlin (11 CDU, 9 SPD, 1 FDP, 1 AL).
- ^b — known as Alternative Liste für Demokratie und Umweltschutz (AL) in West Berlin.
- ^c — The Christian Democratic Union and the Christian Social Union of Bavaria call themselves sister parties. They do not compete against each other in the same geographical regions and they form one group within the Bundestag.
The coalition between the CDU/CSU and the FDP returned to government, with Helmut Kohl as Chancellor. This was the first election in which the Greens secured representation in the Bundestag, and the first which saw a fourth (fifth) party in the parliament since 1960.