Open main menu

West Elgin, Ontario

West Elgin is a municipality in Elgin County, Ontario, Canada. The township was created on January 1, 1998, through the amalgamation of the former township of Aldborough with the village of West Lorne.

West Elgin
Municipality of West Elgin
Municipal office in Rodney
Municipal office in Rodney
West Elgin is located in Southern Ontario
West Elgin
West Elgin
Location in southern Ontario
Coordinates: 42°35′N 81°40′W / 42.583°N 81.667°W / 42.583; -81.667Coordinates: 42°35′N 81°40′W / 42.583°N 81.667°W / 42.583; -81.667
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyElgin
FormedJanuary 1, 1998
Government
 • MayorDuncan McPhail
 • Federal ridingElgin—Middlesex—London
 • Prov. ridingElgin—Middlesex—London
Area
 • Land322.48 km2 (124.51 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total4,995
 • Density15.5/km2 (40/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal Code
N0L
Area code(s)519 and 226
Websitewww.westelgin.net

CommunitiesEdit

The two main population centres within the township are Rodney and West Lorne. Additionally, it also includes the smaller communities of Churchville, Clachan, Crinan, Eagle, Kintyre, New Glasgow, Port Glasgow and Twin Valleys.

HistoryEdit

The original township of Aldborough was named in 1792 after Aldeburgh, Suffolk, England.

The community of Rodney was originally named Stewart's Mills after the owner of the first sawmill in the community. From 1840 to 1865, it was called Centreville due to its central location at the intersection of Furnival Road and 7th Concession (now Downie Line). In 1865, the community was renamed Rodney after British naval officer George Brydges Rodney. The centre of the village was relocated three kilometres to the south when the Canada Southern Railway was built in the area in 1872.

The community of West Lorne also had its origins the Canada Southern Railway. Originally named Bismarck after the German chancellor, the community was renamed West Clayton, Dutton, Lorne and finally West Lorne. The name came from the Lorne Mills on the south side of the railway, themselves named for John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne. The station itself was renamed West Lorne in 1907 to avoid confusion with a community named Bismarck in Lincoln County.

The villages of Rodney and West Lorne were incorporated as municipalities in 1907 and 1908 respectively, and separated from the township. Subsequently, Aldborough remained a mainly rural municipality.

In 1994, Aldborough and Rodney amalgamated to form an expanded Township of Aldborough. In 1998, Aldborough amalgamated with West Lorne to form West Elgin.


ClimateEdit

Climate data for West Elgin, Ontario (Port Glasgow) 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
17.0
(62.6)
24.0
(75.2)
28.5
(83.3)
32.8
(91.0)
39.0
(102.2)
36.0
(96.8)
36.0
(96.8)
32.2
(90.0)
27.8
(82.0)
22.2
(72.0)
18.0
(64.4)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
0.4
(32.7)
4.9
(40.8)
11.7
(53.1)
18.0
(64.4)
23.4
(74.1)
26.0
(78.8)
25.2
(77.4)
21.4
(70.5)
14.9
(58.8)
8.4
(47.1)
2.1
(35.8)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.9
(33.6)
7.0
(44.6)
13.2
(55.8)
18.6
(65.5)
21.2
(70.2)
20.3
(68.5)
16.6
(61.9)
10.5
(50.9)
4.8
(40.6)
−1.1
(30.0)
8.7
(47.7)
Average low °C (°F) −7.8
(18.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.3
(36.1)
8.2
(46.8)
13.7
(56.7)
16.3
(61.3)
15.4
(59.7)
11.8
(53.2)
6.1
(43.0)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.4
(39.9)
Record low °C (°F) −29.0
(−20.2)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−12.8
(9.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
5.0
(41.0)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
−6.7
(19.9)
−16.7
(1.9)
−24.0
(−11.2)
−29.0
(−20.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.2
(2.29)
53.2
(2.09)
63.7
(2.51)
87.3
(3.44)
88.4
(3.48)
88.3
(3.48)
86.7
(3.41)
90.8
(3.57)
95.6
(3.76)
77.5
(3.05)
90.0
(3.54)
72.6
(2.86)
952.3
(37.49)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 33.0
(1.30)
36.6
(1.44)
50.2
(1.98)
82.7
(3.26)
88.4
(3.48)
88.3
(3.48)
86.7
(3.41)
90.8
(3.57)
95.6
(3.76)
77.1
(3.04)
86.0
(3.39)
55.5
(2.19)
871.1
(34.30)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 25.1
(9.9)
16.6
(6.5)
13.5
(5.3)
4.5
(1.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(0.2)
4.0
(1.6)
17.1
(6.7)
81.2
(32.0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.6 9.1 11.1 12.2 12.3 9.8 9.7 9.5 10.5 10.9 12.0 11.8 130.6
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.7 4.6 7.7 11.2 12.3 9.8 9.7 9.5 10.5 10.9 11.1 7.4 109.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.4 5.1 4.2 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.12 1.3 5.5 24.8
Source: Environment Canada[2]


DemographicsEdit

Canada census – West Elgin, Ontario community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 4,995 (-3.1% from 2011) 5,157 (-3.6% from 2006) 5,349 (-2.1% from 2001)
Land area: 322.48 km2 (124.51 sq mi) 322.52 km2 (124.53 sq mi) 322.52 km2 (124.53 sq mi)
Population density: 15.5/km2 (40/sq mi) 16.0/km2 (41/sq mi) 16.6/km2 (43/sq mi)
Median age: 48.7 (M: 48.9, F: 48.6) 46.5 (M: 46.2, F: 46.9) 42.9 (M: 42.4, F: 43.4)
Total private dwellings: 2,221 2,233 2,216
Median household income: $59,008 $49,415
References: 2016[3] 2011[4] 2006[5] earlier[6]
YearPop.±%
19965,573—    
20015,464−2.0%
20065,349−2.1%
20115,157−3.6%
20164,995−3.1%
[7][8][1]

Prior to amalgamation (1998):

  • Population total in 1996: 5,573
    • Aldborough (township): 4,042
    • West Lorne (village): 1,531
  • Population in 1991:
    • Aldborough (township): 3,889
    • West Lorne (village): 1,477

InfrastructureEdit

 
West Lorne is home to Dynamotive Energy Systems bio-oil plant

West Lorne is home to western Elgin County's only high school, West Elgin Secondary School.

West Elgin Secondary school draws in students from West Elgin as well as Middlesex County. The school's mascot is a wildcat and their official colours are white and purple.[9]

West Lorne is linked by Elgin County Road 76 to the 401, a major arterial highway link in Ontario affording easy access to Windsor, Chatham, St. Thomas, London, Brantford, Toronto, and many other places.

Local agriculture includes dairy farming, mixed farming, fruit growing and a sizeable tobacco industry. The town of West Lorne was greatly influenced by the railroad that crossed through the heart of the village. The railroad provided jobs for the first residents of the area. There is also some light manufacturing in the town.

Notable attractionsEdit

  • Ontario has had some historical claimants, by towns, for the smallest jailhouse in the province. These have included: Tweed, Coboconk and Creemore. However, the jailhouse in Rodney has proven to be smaller than all three, measuring in at 4.5 metres by 5.4 metres. Today, it serves as a part-time tourist information centre. Other villages in Ontario with similar jailhouse dimensions include Port Dalhousie, Providence Bay, and the ghost town of Berens River and Ray.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: West Elgin, Municipality". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 11, 2019.
  2. ^ "New Glasglow, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Archived from the original on August 28, 2019. Retrieved August 28, 2019.
  3. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
  4. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-14.
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  8. ^ "West Elgin, Ontario (Code 3534042) and Elgin, Ontario (Code 3534) (table)". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  9. ^ Thames Valley District School Board. Tvdsb.ca. Retrieved on 2013-10-05.

External linksEdit