West Cambridge is a university site to the west of Cambridge city centre in England. As part of the West Cambridge Master Plan, several of the University of Cambridge's departments have relocated to the West Cambridge site from the centre of town due to overcrowding. A number of other research institutions also have buildings on the site.
The West Cambridge site covers the area between the M11 motorway, Madingley Road, Clerk Maxwell Road and the Coton Footpath. The area currently contains some open fields and a small lake. As well as number of university departments and private research institutions, the site also has residential areas and a restaurant. The roads on the site are named after famous Cambridge scientists. The Institute of Astronomy is located just to the north of the site,while the Centre for Mathematical Sciences is to the east.
|Department of Veterinary Medicine||1955||Department of Veterinary Medicine|
|Whittle Laboratory||1973||Department of Engineering|
|Cavendish Laboratory (incl. Hitachi Cambridge and Microelectronics Research Centres)||1974||Department of Physics|
|British Antarctic Survey||1976||British Antarctic Survey|
|Computer-Aided Design Centre||1978||Aveva Solutions Ltd.|
|Magnetic Resonance Research Centre||1997||Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology|
|Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology||2016||Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology|
|Schlumberger Cambridge Research||1984||Schlumberger Limited|
|William Gates Building||2001||Computer Laboratory|
|Roger Needham Building||2001||University Information Services|
|Schofield Centre||1986/2001||Engineering - Geotechnical Research Group|
|Nanoscale Science Laboratory||2003||Interdisciplinary Research Collaboration Nanoscience Centre|
|Electrical Engineering Division Building (incl. Centre for Advanced Photonics and Electronics (CAPE))||2006||Engineering - Electrical Engineering Division|
|Centre for the Physics of Medicine||2008||Department of Physics|
|Alan Reece Building||2009||Engineering - Institute for Manufacturing|
|Hauser Forum||2010||Entrepreneurship [Cambridge Enterprise and Idea Space]|
|Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy||2013||Materials Science and Metallurgy|
|University Sports Centre||2013||Department of Physical Education|
|West Cambridge Data Centre||2014||University Information Services|
|Physics of Medicine & Maxwell Centre||2015||Department of Physics|
Preparation for the construction of a new Cavendish laboratory (Cavendish III) has begun and it is expected to be completed by 2021/2022. Planning permission has also been granted for the construction of a Shared Facilities Hub due to be completed in 2021 and the Civil Engineering Building (CEB) due to be completed in spring 2019.
The West Cambridge site is also of conservation importance. The area is host to a number of native species, including barn owls, the grey partridge, badgers, grass snakes and various amphibians. RPS have been conducting surveys on the site since 2003. In order to preserve and develop habitats on the site, a number of ponds are maintained and the roofs of some buildings are covered with plants such as sedum. Landscape management is also employed to create and maintain hedgerows and ditches.
An ancient Roman settlement dominates the archaeology of the site, but smaller, prehistoric and medieval use has also been documented. Investigations and excavations were conducted between 1999 and 2000, and the site was opened to the public as part of National Science Week and followed by a Schools' Week. During the investigations over 3000 excavations were made and around 50,000 finds retrieved. Some of these are on display in the William Gates Building.
A series of regular enclosures and semi-open Roman fields dominate the site. Also present were two timber buildings, some quarry pits and two cemeteries, featuring forty burials, plus five isolated burials. This settlement seems to be part of a much larger system that probably formed a ring around the Roman town. Current understanding suggests that the site was in use, in various stages, from the late 1st to early 5th centuries.
Some unusual features have also been documented, including a cache of 3rd-century coins and an enclosure containing butchered animal carcasses apparently for some ritualistic purpose. Deposits of horse and cattle remains mark the entrance of one of the cemeteries. Finds from this period include spearheads, brooches, coins, pottery and a copper bust of possibly Minerva or Pallas Athena.
The site was abandoned in the 5th century AD, with no further activity until the late medieval period when ploughing began. A dyke was constructed known as Willowes Ditch, which is marked on 14th century maps. No other development is apparent until the construction of Vicars Farm in the 19th century.
- "The West Cambridge Master Plan". University of Cambridge. Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
- "CAVMAG Special Development Issue" (PDF). University of Cambridge. September 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "Cavendish III". Department of Physics, University of Cambridge. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "17/1799/FUL - Proposed Cavendish III laboratory" (PDF). Cambridge City Council. 7 February 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "Planning approval for Shared Facilities Hub". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "17/1896/FUL - Land to the West of JJ Thomson Avenue" (PDF). Cambridge City Council. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "16/1811/FUL - UKCRIC, Rear of CAPE, 9 JJ Thomson Avenue" (PDF). Cambridge City Council. 1 March 2017. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "Plans for new Civil Engineering Building approved". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- "West Cambridge Site Archaeology". Cambridge Archaeological Unit. Archived from the original on 2010-12-03. Retrieved 2009-03-12.