West Bromwich East (UK Parliament constituency)
West Bromwich East is a constituency[n 1] that is represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Nicola Richards of the Conservative Party, who was first elected at the 2019 United Kingdom general election.[n 2]
|West Bromwich East|
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||63,008 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Nicola Richards (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Bromwich|
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Feb 1974||Peter Snape||Labour|
West Bromwich itself is the main town, which includes West Bromwich Albion F.C. and a historic centre, with a programme of investment in 21st century apartments similar to nearby Birmingham. Since the recessions of the 1970s and early 1980s, West Bromwich East has suffered from high unemployment, and as a result of the current recession, which began in 2008, unemployment peaked at 14.3%. Only Birmingham, Ladywood nearby had higher unemployment rates in all of Britain.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers stood at 7.6% of the population in November 2012; this was higher than the national average of 3.8%, based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. However, this was lower than in West Bromwich West, with 8.1% of its constituents of working age in receipt of this benefit, which is seen as the lower gauge of the breadth of unemployment.
In the 2016 EU referendum, the constituency voted to leave by 68%, putting it in the top 10% of constituencies in terms of preference for leave.
West Bromwich East is one of four constituencies covering the Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell, covering the east and north-east of the borough. It includes most of the town of West Bromwich and the part of Great Barr that is in Sandwell.
2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont with Grove Vale, Friar Park, Great Barr with Yew Tree, Greets Green and Lyng, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.
1997–2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Greets Green and Lyng, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.
1983–1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Sandwell wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Hateley Heath, Newton, and West Bromwich Central.
1974–1983: The County Borough of West Bromwich wards of Charlemont, Friar Park, Great Barr, Hateley Heath, Newton, Sandwell, and Tantany.
The seat formerly shared some wards with West Bromwich West: before 2010 instead placed in the latter seat were a small minority of 1,697 electors in the west of the wards of Friar Park and Greets Green and Lyng, also a negligible portion of Wednesbury South was contained in West Bromwich East.[n 3]
The constituency was formed in 1974 and took its present wards in 1997 (small parts of which remained shared until 2010, see above).
- Political history
The seat was held by the Labour Party for the first several decades of its existence, often with substantial majorities. At the 2019 general election, it fell to the Conservatives for the first time, on a swing in excess of 12%.
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Brexit Party||Christian Lucas||1,475||4.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Andy Graham||1,313||3.6||2.0|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||12.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Karen Trench||625||1.6||0.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Flo Clucas||751||2.0||11.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Ian Garrett||4,993||13.2||0.8|
|English Democrat||Mark Cowles||1,150||3.0||New|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Ian Garrett||4,386||12.4||1.4|
|Socialist Labour||Judith Sambrook||200||0.6||1.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Ian Garrett||4,507||13.8||1.1|
|Socialist Labour||Satbir Johal||585||1.8||New|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Martyn Smith||6,179||14.9||1.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Martyn Smith||5,630||13.1||4.0|
|National Front||John Lord||477||1.1||New|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Liberal||Martyn G Smith||10,200||24.5||+16.5|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Liberal||Martyn G Smith||3,228||7.9||-5.9|
|National Front||C Allsopp||1,175||2.9||-1.4|
|National Front||G Bowen||1,692||4.3||-2.7|
|National Front||Martin Webster||2,907||7.0||New|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Consisting of 48 electors at the time of reassessment.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
- "Virgin Media - Official Site". Virgin Media.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "EU Referendum results". Democratic Dashboard. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- "Conservatives take Tom Watson's former seat". BBC News. 13 December 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
- "West Bromwich East Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
- "Statement of Persons nominated 2017". Sandwell Borough Council. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.