Wiro of Roermond
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He was a missionary and preached in the region of the Maas and the Rhine, where his legend associates him with the priest Plechelm and the deacon Otger. Later he founded St. Peter's Abbey on land given to him by Pippin II in the present Sint Odilienberg near Roermond in the Netherlands with Otger. Wiro is buried there.
It is not clear to what extent his vita is historical. It seems clear that the monastery was founded towards the end of the 7th century.
He may be identical with the missionary bishop Vira from Northumbria, mentioned by Alcuin, among others.
The Basilica of Saints Wiro, Plechelm and Otger at Sint Odilienberg is dedicated to Wiro and his companions.
Veneration of Wiro and his two companions began early in Roermond. The monastery he founded was transferred to Roermond, in 1361, accompanied by his relics, which were lost during the Reformation. They were re-discovered later in the 16th century, and a feast day was celebrated for some years to commemorate the rediscovery. In 1881 the original grave was found in the former abbey, and most of the bones were returned to it.
Wiro's feast day is 8 May, but in Roermond 11 May. Since the Middle Ages his skull has been in Utrecht, where he was the patron saint of the bishopric. Pilgrimages are still made to his grave in Roermond.
- Butler's Lives of the Saints. Collegeville, 1996 p. 44
- Andreas Merkt (2004). "Utrecht, Wera von". In Bautz, Traugott (ed.). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 23. Nordhausen: Bautz. cols. 1417–1418. ISBN 3-88309-155-3.
- Saint Wiro in the Acta Sanctorum (in Latin)
- Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon (in German)
- Catholic.org: St. Wiro
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