Welsh Division, Royal Artillery

The Welsh Division, Royal Artillery, was an administrative grouping of garrison units of the Royal Artillery, Artillery Militia and Artillery Volunteers in the British Army's Western District from 1882 to 1889.

Welsh Division, RA
Koning Soldaat., item 60.jpg
Cap Badge of the Royal Regiment of Artillery
Active4 April 1882–1 July 1889
Country United Kingdom
BranchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
TypeAdministrative division
Part ofRoyal Artillery
Garrison/HQPembroke Dock

OrganisationEdit

Under General Order 72 of 4 April 1882 the Royal Artillery (RA) broke up its existing administrative brigades[a] of garrison artillery (7th–11th Brigades, RA) and assigned the individual batteries to 11 new territorial divisions. These divisions were purely administrative and recruiting organisations, not field formations. Most were formed within the existing military districts into which the United Kingdom was divided, and for the first time associated the part-time Artillery Militia with the regulars. Shortly afterwards the Artillery Volunteers were also added to the territorial divisions. The Regular Army batteries were grouped into one brigade, usually of nine sequentially-numbered batteries and a depot battery. For t these units the divisions represented recruiting districts – batteries could be serving anywhere in the British Empire and their only connection to brigade headquarters (HQ) was for the supply of drafts and recruits. The artillery militia units (sometimes referred to as regiments) already comprised a number of batteries, and were redesignated as brigades, losing their county titles in the process. The artillery volunteers, which had previously consisted of numerous independent Artillery Volunteer Corps (AVC) of various sizes, sometimes grouped into administrative brigades, had been consolidated into larger AVCs in 1881, which were now affiliated to the appropriate territorial division.[1][2][3][4]

CompositionEdit

Welsh Division, RA, listed as ninth in order of precedence, was organised in Western District with the following composition:[1][2][3][5][6][7][8]

 
Fort Hubberstone, part of the defences of Pembroke Dock.

DisbandmentEdit

On 1 July 1889 the garrison artillery was reorganised again into three large territorial divisions of garrison artillery (Eastern, Southern and Western) and one of mountain artillery. The assignment of units to them seemed geographically arbitrary, with the Welsh units being divided between the Southern and Western Divisions. The regular batteries were distributed across most of the divisions and completely renumbered.[1][2][3][6][8][9][10][11]

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ In RA terminology, a 'brigade' was a group of independent batteries grouped together for administrative rather than tactical purposes, the officer in command being usually a lieutenant-colonel rather than a brigadier-general or major-general, the ranks usually associated with command of an infantry or cavalry brigade.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Frederick, pp. 567–73, 985.
  2. ^ a b c Litchfield, Militia Artillery, pp. 4–6; Appendix 5.
  3. ^ a b c Litchfield & Westlake, pp. 4–6.
  4. ^ Maurice-Jones, p. 150.
  5. ^ Hart's Army List, 1883.
  6. ^ a b Lawes, Vol II, Index.
  7. ^ Maurice-Jones, p. 162.
  8. ^ a b Monthly Army Lists.
  9. ^ Frederick, pp. 574–9, 891–2.
  10. ^ Hart's Army List, 1890.
  11. ^ Maurice-Jones, p. 151.

ReferencesEdit