Wellington, Western Cape

Wellington is a town in the Western Cape Winelands, a 45-minute drive from Cape Town, in South Africa with a population of approximately 62,000. Wellington's economy is centered on agriculture such as wine, table grapes, deciduous fruit, and a brandy industry. The town is located 75 km north-east of Cape Town, reached by the N1 motorway and R44. Due to the growth of the Mbekweni township south of the town, it now forms a de facto urban unit with Paarl, just 10 km to the south. Wellington now officially falls under the Drakenstein Local Municipality, which also covers Saron and Paarl.

Wellington
WellingtonCBD.jpg
Dutch Reformed Church Complex in Wellington.jpg
Lady Loch Bridge over Bergriver, Wellington.jpg
Coronation Arch, Wellington.jpg
Block House, Wellington.jpg
From top, Wellington CBD, with the NG Mother Church and snowy Wemmershoek Peak beyond. Dutch Reformed Church Complex in Wellington (centre left). Lady Loch Bridge over the Berg River (centre right). Coronation Arch in Victoria Jubilee Park (bottom left). Second Boer War block house (bottom right).
Wellington is located in Western Cape
Wellington
Wellington
Wellington is located in South Africa
Wellington
Wellington
Coordinates: 33°38′S 18°59′E / 33.633°S 18.983°E / -33.633; 18.983Coordinates: 33°38′S 18°59′E / 33.633°S 18.983°E / -33.633; 18.983
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceWestern Cape
DistrictCape Winelands
MunicipalityDrakenstein
Established1840[1]
Area
 • Total30.16 km2 (11.64 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total55,543
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African16.2%
 • Coloured67.3%
 • Indian/Asian0.4%
 • White15.4%
 • Other0.6%
First languages (2011)
 • Afrikaans81.2%
 • Xhosa10.7%
 • English5.9%
 • Other2.1%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
7655
PO box
7654
WebsiteWellington Tourism

LocationEdit

Wellington is situated at the foot of the Groenberg on the banks of the Kromme Rivier (Dutch for Bend River) and forms the center of the Cape Winelands with its picturesque environment and numerous wineries. The town is at the base of one of the oldest mountain passes in South Africa, Bain's Kloof Pass, built by master road-builder Andrew Geddes Bain. The town is the home of the Boland Rugby Union and the professional rugby team the Boland Kavaliers. The town is also an academic centre, with Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Timothy Ministry Training, Bible Media, Huguenot High School, Weltevrede Senior Secondary School, and Bergriver Senior Secondary School all falling within the town.

EtymologyEdit

Originally known as Limiet Valley (border or frontier valley), the area became known as Val du Charron or Wagenmakersvallei (Valley of the Wagonmaker) toward the end of the seventeenth century when the French Huguenots settled there. After the formal establishment of the town in 1840, the name was changed to Wellington in honour of the Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, renowned soldier and conqueror of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, as suggested by Sir George Napier.[3]

Coats of armsEdit

Municipality (1) — Wellington was a municipality in its own right from 1873 to 2000. On 18 June 1918, the town council adopted a pseudo-heraldic design as the municipal arms.[4] The shield was blue, and contained a landscape scene in a circular border. The shield was supported by two red lions, each with a golden coronet around its neck (these being the supporters of the arms of the Duke of Wellington). The arms were depicted on a cigarette card issued in 1931.[5]

Municipality (2) — On 22 June 1948, the council approved a new coat of arms, designed by Ivan Mitford-Barberton and H. Ellis Tomlinson.[6] This was in response to a Cape Provincial Administration circular calling on municipalities to have their arms checked and, if necessary, re-designed to make them heraldically correct. The arms were registered at the Bureau of Heraldry in February 1987.[7]

The design reflected the Huguenot origins of the town: Per chevron Argent and Azure, in chief two hurts, each charged with a fleur-de-lis Or, in base a Huguenot cross, Argent (in layman's terms : the shield is divided into silver over blue by a chevron-shaped line, in the upper half are two golden fleurs de lis on blue discs and in the lower half is a silver Huguenot cross). A blue mural crown was added as a crest. The existing supporters were retained, but were differenced by adding a silver anchor to the coronet. The motto was "Par foi et loyaute".

Notable SitesEdit

Established in 1886, the James Sedgewick Distillery is located in Wellington, and produces the Three Ships range of whiskies, as well as the single grain Bain's Cape Mountain Whisky.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b c d "Main Place Wellington". Census 2011.
  3. ^ "Wellington Guide". Wellington Tourism. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  4. ^ Western Cape Archives : Wellington Municipal Minutes (18 June 1918).
  5. ^ http://www.ngw.nl/heraldrywiki/index.php?title=Category:UTC_South_African_town_arms
  6. ^ Western Cape Archives : Wellington Municipal Minutes (22 June 1948).
  7. ^ National Archives of South Africa : Data of the Bureau of Heraldry

External linksEdit