Wellingborough (UK Parliament constituency)

Wellingborough is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Peter Bone, a Conservative.[n 2]

Wellingborough
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Wellingborough in Northamptonshire
Outline map
Location of Northamptonshire within England
CountyNorthamptonshire
Electorate78,313 (2018)[1]
Major settlementsWellingborough, Rushden, Higham Ferrers and Irchester
Current constituency
Created1918
Member of ParliamentPeter Bone (Conservative)
Created fromEast Northamptonshire and North Northamptonshire

HistoryEdit

This seat was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918.

Political history

Wellingborough's earliest years were left-leaning. Since 1964 the seat has kept on producing examples of bellwether results and rarely showed itself to be safe for more than one government term. Departing from this are two years where the result has defied the most common result nationwide, by leaning towards the Conservative Party, in 1974 (twice) and in 2005.

In the 2016 EU referendum, Wellingborough voted 62.4% leave (25,679 votes) to 37.6% remain (15,462 votes)[2]

Prominent frontbenchers

Sir Geoffrey Shakespeare was a Lloyd-Georgist National Liberal who served in junior minister roles through much of World War II including, briefly as the Secretary for Overseas Trade in 1940.

The lack of other senior positions is assisted by no majority having been gained by the winner which is in national terms generally shown to be insurmountable, see marginal seat.

BoundariesEdit

1918-1950: The Borough of Higham Ferrers, the Urban Districts of Finedon, Irthlingborough, Raunds, Rushden, and Wellingborough, the Rural District of Wellingborough, and in the Rural District of Thrapston the parishes of Chelveston cum Caldecott, Hargrave, and Stanwick.

1950-1974: The Borough of Higham Ferrers, the Urban Districts of Irthlingborough, Raunds, Rushden, and Wellingborough, the Rural District of Wellingborough, and in the Rural District of Oundle and Thrapston the civil parishes of Chelveston cum Caldecott and Hargrave.

1974-1983: The Borough of Higham Ferrers, the Urban Districts of Irthlingborough, Oundle, Raunds, Rushden, and Wellingborough, and the Rural Districts of Oundle and Thrapston, and Wellingborough.

1983-2010: The Borough of Wellingborough, and the District of East Northamptonshire wards of Higham Ferrers, Rushden East, Rushden North, Rushden South, and Rushden West.

2010-present: The Borough of Wellingborough wards of Brickhill, Castle, Croyland, Finedon, Great Doddington and Wilby, Hemmingwell, Irchester, North, Queensway, Redwell East, Redwell West, South, Swanspool, and Wollaston, and the District of East Northamptonshire wards of Higham Ferrers, Rushden East, Rushden North, Rushden South, and Rushden West.

The constituency is named after the town of Wellingborough and covers most of the Borough of Wellingborough local government district. The constituency also includes Rushden (a broad town) and Higham Ferrers, a small town in the neighbouring local government district of East Northamptonshire.

Higham Ferrers was itself a former borough constituency until its abolition as one of the rotten boroughs in 1832.

Constituency profileEdit

Strengths in local industries here or in neighbouring Northampton and Kettering include in printing, logistics and distribution, automotive (assembly and design), construction, food processing and advanced engineering sectors. Despite this a decline in the traditional local industries such as quarrying, furniture making and textiles pushes workless claimants who were registered jobseekers in November 2012 higher than the national (and regional) average of 3.8%, at 4.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member[4] Party Notes
1918 Walter Smith Labour
1922 Geoffrey Shakespeare National Liberal Secretary for Overseas Trade (1940)
1923 William Cove Labour
1929 George Dallas Labour
1931 Archibald James Conservative
1945 George Lindgren Labour
1959 Michael Hamilton Conservative
1964 Harry Howarth Labour Died in office 8 August 1969
1969 by-election Peter Fry Conservative Elected on 4 December 1969 by-election
1997 Paul Stinchcombe Labour
2005 Peter Bone Conservative

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

2019 general election: Wellingborough[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Bone 32,277 62.2 +4.8
Labour Andrea Watts 13,737 26.5 -7.5
Liberal Democrats Suzanna Austin 4,078 7.9 +4.6
Green Marion Turner-Hawes 1,821 3.5 +1.7
Majority 18,540 35.7 +12.3
Turnout 51,913 64.3 -2.9
Conservative hold Swing +6.15
2017 general election: Wellingborough[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Bone 30,579 57.4 +5.3
Labour Andrea Watts 18,119 34.0 +14.5
UKIP Alan Shipham 1,804 3.4 −16.2
Liberal Democrats Chris Nelson 1,782 3.3 −1.1
Green Jonathan Hornett 956 1.8 −2.6
Majority 12,460 23.4 −9.1
Turnout 53,240 67.2 +1.8
Conservative hold Swing -4.55
2015 general election: Wellingborough[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Bone 26,265 52.1 +3.9
UKIP Jonathan Munday[10] 9,868 19.6 +16.4
Labour Richard Garvie1 9,839 19.5 -5.9
Liberal Democrats Chris Nelson 2,240 4.4 -12.7
Green Marion-Turner-Hawes 2,218 4.4 +3.5
Majority 16,397 32.5 +9.7
Turnout 50,430 65.4 -1.8
Conservative hold Swing -6.3

1: After nominations were closed, Garvie was suspended from the Labour Party after he was convicted of fraud after buying £900 of train tickets with a closed bank account.[11] He still appeared on ballot papers as Labour.

2010 general election: Wellingborough[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Bone 24,918 48.2 +5.5
Labour Jayne Buckland 13,131 25.4 -16.0
Liberal Democrats Kevin Barron 8,848 17.1 +5.6
UKIP Adrian Haynes 1,636 3.2 +0.9
BNP Rob Walker 1,596 3.1 New
English Democrat Terry Spencer 530 1.0 New
Green Jonathan Hornett 480 0.9 New
TUSC Paul Crofts 249 0.5 New
Independent Gary Donaldson 240 0.5 New
Independent Marcus Lavin 33 0.1 New
Majority 11,787 22.8 +21.5
Turnout 51,661 67.2 +1.4
Conservative hold Swing +10.8

Elections in the 2000sEdit

2005 general election: Wellingborough[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Bone 22,674 42.8 +0.6
Labour Paul Stinchcombe 21,987 41.5 −5.3
Liberal Democrats Richard Church 6,147 11.6 +2.3
UKIP James Wrench 1,214 2.3 +0.6
Veritas Nicholas Alex 749 1.4 New
Socialist Labour Andy Dickson 234 0.4 New
Majority 687 1.3 N/A
Turnout 53,005 66.5 +2.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +2.9
2001 general election: Wellingborough[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Stinchcombe 23,867 46.8 +2.6
Conservative Peter Bone 21,512 42.2 -1.6
Liberal Democrats Peter Gaskell 4,763 9.3 -0.1
UKIP Tony Ellwood 864 1.7 -0.4
Majority 2,355 4.6 +4.2
Turnout 51,006 64.1 -10.7
Labour hold Swing +2.1

Elections in the 1990sEdit

1997 general election: Wellingborough[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Stinchcombe 24,854 44.2 +10.3
Conservative Peter Fry 24,667 43.8 −9.6
Liberal Democrats Peter Smith 5,279 9.4 −3.4
UKIP Tony Ellwood 1,192 2.1 New
Natural Law Annie Lorys 297 0.5 New
Majority 187 0.4 N/A
Turnout 56,289 74.8 -7.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +9.9
1992 general election: Wellingborough[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Fry 32,302 53.4 +0.7
Labour Phil Sawford 20,486 33.9 +6.7
Liberal Democrats Julie Trevor 7,714 12.8 -7.3
Majority 11,816 19.5 -6.0
Turnout 60,502 81.9
Conservative hold Swing −3.0

Elections in the 1980sEdit

1987 general election: Wellingborough[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Fry 29,038 52.7 +3.8
Labour James Currie 14,968 27.2 +1.2
Liberal Leslie Stringer 11,047 20.1 −4.6
Majority 14,070 25.5 +2.6
Turnout 55,053
Conservative hold Swing +1.3
1983 general election: Wellingborough[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Fry 25,715 48.9 -3.4
Labour John H. Mann 13,659 26.0 -8.9
Liberal L.E. Stringer 12,994 24.7 +12.9
Independent D.M.P. Garnett 228 0.4 +0.1
Majority 12,056 22.9 +5.5
Turnout 52,596
Conservative hold Swing +2.8

Elections in the 1970sEdit

1979 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Fry 37,812 52.3 +9.5
Labour D.A. Forwood 25,278 34.9 -5.3
Liberal L.E. Stringer 8,506 11.8 -5.2
National Front S.F. Wright 529 0.7 New
Independent D.M.P. Garnett 228 0.3 New
Majority 12,534 17.4 +14.8
Turnout 72,353 81.25 +1.6
Conservative hold Swing +7.4
October 1974 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Fry 29,078 42.8 +2.3
Labour John H. Mann 27,320 40.2 +2.9
Liberal Penelope Jessel 11,500 17.0 -3.9
Majority 1,758 2.6 -0.6
Turnout 67,898 79.61 -5.39
Conservative hold Swing -0.3
February 1974 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Fry 29,099 40.5 -11.7
Labour John H. Mann 26,829 37.3 -10.5
Liberal Penelope Jessel 15,049 20.9 New
Ind. Conservative D.T. James 897 1.2 New
Majority 2,720 3.2 -1.3
Turnout 71,874 85.00 -1.34
Conservative hold Swing -0.6
1970 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Fry 27,459 52.2 +4.6
Labour John H. Mann 25,107 47.8 -4.6
Majority 2,352 4.4 N/A
Turnout 52,566 81.34 -5.12
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +4.6

Elections in the 1960sEdit

1969 Wellingborough by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Fry 22,548 54.4 +6.8
Labour John H. Mann 16,499 39.8 -7.8
Independent M.P. Coney 2,421 5.8 New
Majority 6,049 14.6 N/A
Turnout 41,468
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +7.3
1966 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Howarth 24,705 52.4 +10.1
Conservative John Lawson Leatham 22,472 47.6 +5.4
Majority 2,233 4.8 +4.7
Turnout 54,566 86.46 -0.6
Labour hold Swing
1964 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Howarth 19,592 42.26 -7.17
Conservative Michael Hamilton 19,545 42.16 -8.51
Liberal Philip Arthur John Pettit 7,227 15.59 New
Majority 47 0.10 N/A
Turnout 46,364 87.11
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

1959 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Hamilton 22,964 50.67 +1.61
Labour George Lindgren 22,358 49.33 -1.61
Majority 606 1.34 N/A
Turnout 45,322 86.72
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +1.61
1955 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Lindgren 22,745 51.04 -1.35
Conservative Arthur Jones 21,819 48.96 +1.35
Majority 926 2.08
Turnout 44,564 86.01
Labour hold Swing -1.35
1951 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Lindgren 24,113 52.39 +5.29
Conservative F Richard Parsons 21,912 47.61 +19.15
Majority 2,201 4.78
Turnout 46,025 88.38
Labour hold Swing
1950 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Lindgren 21,640 47.10 -10.61
Conservative Jaspar Carlisle Sayer 13,075 28.46 -13.83
Liberal Edwin Malindine 11,227 24.44 New
Majority 8,565 18.64
Turnout 45,942 89.51
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

1945 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Lindgren 22,416 57.71
Conservative Archibald James 16,426 42.29
Majority 5,990 15.42 N/A
Turnout 38,842 74.39
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930sEdit

1935 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Archibald James 18,085 50.52
Labour George Dallas 17,713 49.48
Majority 372 1.04
Turnout 35,798 77.26
Conservative hold Swing
1931 general election: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Archibald James 22,127 61.02
Labour George Dallas 14,137 38.98
Majority 7,990 22.04 N/A
Turnout 36,264 81.24
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920sEdit

 
G. Dallas
1929 general election: Wellingborough [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Dallas 15,300 42.2 +2.2
Liberal Richard Pattinson Winfrey 11,255 31.0 +2.2
Unionist Archibald James 9,703 26.8 -4.4
Majority 4,045 11.2 +2.4
Turnout 36,258 83.3 -0.7
Registered electors 43,548
Labour hold Swing +0.0
1924 general election: Wellingborough [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Cove 11,381 40.0 −2.1
Unionist Ralph A Raphael 8,900 31.2 +5.8
Liberal Humphrey Mackworth Paul 8,223 28.8 −3.7
Majority 2,481 8.8 −0.8
Turnout 28,504 84.0 +4.1
Registered electors 33,934
Labour hold Swing −4.0
1923 general election: Wellingborough [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Cove 11,175 42.1 -0.3
Liberal Geoffrey Shakespeare 8,638 32.5 -25.1
Unionist Robert Massy-Dawson Sanders 6,747 25.4 New
Majority 2,537 9.6 N/A
Turnout 26,560 79.9 +0.5
Registered electors 33,226
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +12.4
1922 general election: Wellingborough [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Geoffrey Shakespeare 14,995 57.6 +10.1
Labour Walter Smith 11,057 42.4 −8.1
Majority 3,938 15.2 N/A
Turnout 26,052 79.4 +17.5
Registered electors 32,820
National Liberal gain from Labour Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

1918 Wellingborough[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter Smith 10,290 52.5
C Liberal Milner Gray 9,313 47.5
Majority 977 5.0
Turnout 19,603 61.9
Registered electors 31,669
Labour win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ "EU Referendum local results - W". BBC News.
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)
  5. ^ "Wellingborough Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  7. ^ a b Wellingborough BBC News | Election 2010
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Election 2015:Wellingborough Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  10. ^ "UK Polling Report".
  11. ^ Francesca Gosling. "Labour's candidate for Wellingborough and Rushden Richard Garvie suspended after conviction for fraud". Nothampton Chronicle & Echo.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ a b c d e Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

SourcesEdit

Coordinates: 52°18′N 0°42′W / 52.30°N 0.70°W / 52.30; -0.70