Military district (Germany)

  (Redirected from Wehrkreis)

The Military districts (German: Wehrkreis) was a system in Germany before and during World War II, to relieve field commanders of as much administrative work as possible and to provide a regular flow of trained recruits and supplies to the Field Army. The Replacement Army (Ersatzheer), who managed the Military Districts, was separate from the Field Army (Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres) . The responsibilities of training, conscription, supply, and equipment in Germany were entrusted to the Ersatzheer.[1]

The Wehrkreise after the Anschluss
Map of the Wehrkreise in 1943-1944

HistoryEdit

In peacetime, the 13 Wehrkreise were the home to the army corps of the same number and all subordinate units of that formation. The corps commander also commanded the Wehrkreis. Command of the Wehrkreis passed to the corps second-in-command at the outbreak of war.

Before the start of the war, there were also four Motorized Army Corps (in effect, staffs to control the training of Panzer and Light Panzer formations). These had no corresponding military districts, but were served (as regards conscription and supplies) by the districts in which Corps headquarters or subordinate formations had their Home Garrison Stations. These Corps were:

Each Wehrkreis controlled a Hauptquartier ("Headquarters") and Wehrersatzbezirk Hauptquartier ("Replacement Army District Headquarters") – these Bezirk HQs corresponded to civil political districts falling within the area of the Wehrkreis –, which in turn controlled Bereich Hauptsitze ("Area Headquarters"), which controlled Unterregion Hauptsitze ("Sub-region Headquarters").

At the start of the war, there were fifteen Districts in Germany. Two Austrian Districts had been added after the Anschluss of 1938. During the war, four were added, and some Districts had territory added to them from other countries conquered by Germany.

List of Wehrkreise and subordinate HQsEdit

The Wehrkreise of Germany:[2]

Wehrkreise XVII and XVIII were added after the Anschluss of Austria in 1938.

Wehrkreise XX and XXI were established to control Danzig and Posen: the areas which were part of the German Empire before World War I, were awarded to Poland in 1918, and were annexed by Germany after the conquest of Poland in 1939.

Two additional Wehrkreise were established after the conquest of Poland.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hogg, p. B2
  2. ^ Mitcham, p. 29–34

SourcesEdit

  • Hogg, Ian V. (1975) German Order of Battle 1944: The Regiments, Formations and Units of the German Ground Forces London. Arms and Armour Press.
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. (2000). The Panzer Legions. United States: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3353-3.