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Wayne Junction station

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Wayne Junction station is a SEPTA Regional Rail station located at 4481 Wayne Avenue, extending along Windrim Avenue to Germantown Avenue. The station is located in the Nicetown neighborhood of Philadelphia. Wayne Junction serves as a multi-modal transfer point between six of SEPTA's regional rail lines as well as three major transit routes – the Route 75 Trackless Trolley and the Route 23 and 53 bus lines. The station serves more than 321,000 riders annually in 2018.

Wayne Junction
SEPTA.svg
Wayne junction station.jpg
Wayne Junction station
Location4481 Wayne Avenue near Windrim Avenue
Nicetown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Owned bySEPTA
Line(s)SEPTA Main Line
Platforms2 island platforms
Tracks5
ConnectionsCity Bus SEPTA City Bus 2, 23, 53, 75
Other information
Fare zone1
History
Opened1881
Rebuilt1900
Electrified1931
Traffic
Passengers (2005)347,620 Steady 0%
Services
Preceding station SEPTA.svg SEPTA Following station
Temple University
toward Airport
Airport Line Fern Rock
toward Glenside
Temple University Chestnut Hill East Line Wister
Fishers
Closed 1992
Fox Chase Line Olney
toward Fox Chase
North Broad Lansdale/​Doylestown Line Fern Rock
toward Doylestown
Temple University Warminster Line Fern Rock
toward Warminster
West Trenton Line
No weekend service
Fern Rock
Former services
Preceding station Reading Railroad Following station
North Broad Ninth Street Branch Fern Rock
Terminus
Terminus New York Short Line Olney
Preceding station Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Following station
Philadelphia
toward Chicago
Main Line Plainfield
Main Line
Until 1926
Bound Brook
toward New York
Philadelphia
Terminus
Philadelphia – Jersey City
Local
Jenkintown
Reading Terminal
Terminus
Wayne Junction Station, Philadelphia and Reading Railroad
Wayne Junction station is located in Pennsylvania
Wayne Junction station
Coordinates40°1′22.8″N 75°9′34.2″W / 40.023000°N 75.159500°W / 40.023000; -75.159500Coordinates: 40°1′22.8″N 75°9′34.2″W / 40.023000°N 75.159500°W / 40.023000; -75.159500
ArchitectWilson Brothers and Company
Architectural styleRenaissance Revival style
Part ofWayne Junction Historic District (#12000223[1])
Added to NRHPApril 16, 2012
Part ofColonial Germantown Historic District (#66000678[1])
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966

StationEdit

The original station building was designed by architect Frank Furness and constructed in 1881. The current station building was designed in 1900 by architects Wilson Brothers & Company. An old post card once boasted that "more trains stop here than at any other station in the world."[2] The station, located in fare zone one, does have a sales office but lacks any dedicated parking spaces.[3] Wayne Junction recently underwent a $11,165,600 renovation that included a new low level railway platform, an additional high-level platform in the inbound side, two new elevators, and new canopies and windscreens.[4][5]

In FY 2013, Wayne Junction station had a weekday average of 527 boardings and 521 alightings.[6]

The SEPTA's Roberts Yard and Midvale District Bus Garage are nearby to this station.

ServiceEdit

The Chestnut Hill East Line joins the SEPTA Main Line at Wayne Junction. Wayne Junction is the last station before the Fox Chase Line splits off the SEPTA Main Line, at Newtown Junction. Additionally, Wayne Junction is served by the Warminster Line, West Trenton Line, and Lansdale/Doylestown Line on the SEPTA Main Line.

HistoryEdit

 
Detail of station sign at Wayne Junction station

For most of the first half of the 20th Century, Wayne Junction served as the Reading Railroad's counterpart to the Pennsylvania Railroad's North Philadelphia Station, 2 miles (3.2 km) away. It served a very busy and prosperous business and residential area, drawing from North Philadelphia, Nicetown, Tioga, Logan, Germantown and other points. In addition to the extensive commuter network, service was provided by the Reading Railroad on a regular basis to New York via the Jersey Central and to Bethlehem and beyond on the Lehigh Valley Railroad to Upstate New York and Toronto. Beginning in the 1890s, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad passenger trains between Washington and New York City, including its famed Royal Blue, also stopped at Wayne Junction, using Reading and Jersey Central rails north of Philadelphia.[7]

Until the B&O discontinued passenger service on the line in April, 1958, it provided regular service to Washington with through sleepers to the West, including Chicago, St. Louis, and Los Angeles on such trains as the Capitol Limited and National Limited.[8] The station provided a baggage room and lunch room, as well as the usual telegraph office. On October 25, 1959, Wayne Junction was the starting point for the first of the Reading's Iron Horse Rambles excursions featuring their T-1 class steam locomotives.[9] The surrounding neighborhood was a busy shopping area and provided additional services.[citation needed]

The station has been a contributing property in the Colonial Germantown Historic District since 1966, and the Wayne Junction Historic District since 2012.[10]

RedevelopmentEdit

In September 2017, developer Ken Weinstein outlined a $12 million proposal to redevelop properties in the immediate vicinity of the Station including 32 apartment units at the Max Levy Autograph Co. building, a pocket park on a vacant lot across the street, a 1950s diner, an office building, an artisanal manufacturing site, and a barbecue and brewery. Most of the development is taking place in a restored factory and warehouse structures, making use of the federal Historic Tax Credit program.[11]

In July 2018, the Pennsylvania state Historic Preservation Review Board approved the Philadelphia Historical Commission's request to create the Wayne Junction National Historical District, a collection of eight large-scale industrial buildings built between the late-19th and mid-20th century surrounding the Station. The eight properties include the Train Station at 4481 Wayne Avenue, New Glen Echo Mills at 130 W Berkley Street, Brown Instrument Company at 4433 Wayne Avenue, the Max Levy Autograph at 212-220 Roberts Avenue, Arguto Oilless Bearing Company at 149 W Berkley Street, Blaisdell Paper Pencil Company at 137-45 Berkley Street, The Keystone Dry Plate & Film Works / Moore Push Pin building at 113-29 Berkley Street, and 200-10 Roberts Avenue.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ Existing Railroad Stations in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
  3. ^ Wayne Junction Station
  4. ^ "SEPTA (July 2005) SEPTA Capital Improvements in the City of Philadelphia. p. 22" (PDF). (1.96 MiB)
  5. ^ "Wayne Junction Station Entrance Closure Beginning Monday, December 5, 2011". SEPTA Alerts & Advisories. SEPTA. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  6. ^ "SEPTA (May 2014). Fiscal Year 2015 Annual Service Plan. p. 83" (PDF). (539 KiB)
  7. ^ Stover, John F. (1987). History of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. West Lafayette, Ind.: Purdue University Press. pp. 172–176. ISBN 0-911198-81-4.
  8. ^ Official Guide of the Railways. New York: National Railway Publication Co. February 1956. pp. 412–418.
  9. ^ http://www.steamlocomotive.com/northern/reading/index-old.shtml
  10. ^ Currall, Steve (February 9, 2012). "Wayne Junction Designated National Historic District". HiddenCityPhila.org. Hidden City Philadelphia.
  11. ^ Blumgart, Jake (July 17, 2018). "With Wayne Junction's historic district come questions: Some old, some new". planphilly.com. WHYY. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  12. ^ Rybak, Sue Ann (August 3, 2018). "Developer Ken Weinstein, invests $12 million in Wayne Junction Revitalization Project". Chestnut Hill Local. Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia. Retrieved September 5, 2018.

External linksEdit