Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Wave dash (〜, Unicode U+301C) is a fullwidth character represented in Japanese character encoding, usually used to represent a range.

Vertical wave dash ( Wave DashV.svg )

Wave dash is also written in vertical text layout. Vertical wave dash is the vertical form by rotation and flip in Unicode and JIS C 6226.[1][2]

See alsoEdit

Code referenceEdit

Wave dash in Character sets standards
Standard Release Code-Point
Ku-Ten / Ku-Men-Ten
Glyph Note
Unicode 1.0 1991 U+301C   The glyph was different from the original JIS C 6226 or JIS X 0208.
Unicode 8.0 2015 U+301C   The glyph was fixed in Errata fixed in Unicode 8.0.0, The Unicode Consortium, 6 Oct 2014 
JIS C 6226 1978 1-33   The wave was not stressed this much.[3]
JIS X 0208 1990 1-33  
JIS X 0213 2000 1-1-33  
Wave dash in each encode[4]
Encode code Note
ISO 2022-JP 0x2141
Shift JIS 0x8160
EUC-JP 0xA1C1 (= 0x2141 + 0x8080)
UTF-8 0xE3809C


  1. ^ Ken Lunde (1999). CJKV Information Processing: Chinese, Japanese, Korean & Vietnamese Computing. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". pp. 345–346, 348. ISBN 978-1-56592-224-2. 
  2. ^ Unicode Vertical Text Layout, Table 4. Glyph Changes for Vertical Orientation: 
  3. ^ Katsuhiro Ogata, History of wave dash in several standards (in Japanese), Internet Watch 
  4. ^ JIS X 0208 (1990) to Unicode,, 1994